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Table of contents
1.
Introduction
2.
Multiple deployment options
3.
Multiple storage options
4.
Accessing FSx for Lustre file Systems
5.
Integrations with AWS services
6.
Security and Compliance
7.
Assumptions
8.
Pricing for Amazon FSx for Lustre
9.
Are you a first-time user of Amazon FSx for Lustre?
10.
Frequently Asked Questions
10.1.
What is Amazon ECS?
10.2.
Why are AWS Organizations built?
11.
Conclusion
Last Updated: Mar 27, 2024

Amazon FSx for Lustre

Author Ayushi Poddar
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Introduction

The open-source Amazon Fsx Lustre file system has been designed for applications that would require fast storage. It was built to solve the problems of quickly and cheaply processing the world’s ever-growing datasets. It is a file system designed for the fastest computers in the world. The amazon Fsx for Lustre makes it very easy and, at the same time, cost-effective to launch and run the popular and high-performance Lustre file system.

With Amazon FSx, one can launch and run a Lustre file system that can possess massive datasets of hundreds of gigabytes per second of throughput and millions of IOPS. Lustre seamlessly integrates with Amazon S3, thus making it easier for you to link long-term data sets and high-performance file systems to run intensive workloads.

Multiple deployment options

Amazon FSx for Lustre offers a choice of scratch and persistent file systems to accommodate different data processing needs. For short-term data processing and temporary storage, scratch file systems are ideal. If the server fails, the data is not replicated, and it doesn’t persist anymore. The persistent file systems are ideally made for longer-term storage and throughput-focused workloads, and in case of server failure in continuous file systems, data is replicated.

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Multiple storage options

Amazon FSx for Lustre provides SSD and HDD storage options that are designed for varied data processing requirements:

SSD storage options — Use one of the SSD storage alternatives for low-latency, IOPS-intensive workloads with tiny, random file operations.

Choose one of the HDD storage solutions for throughput-intensive workloads that often include big, sequential file operations.

You can optionally provision a read-only SSD cache sized to 20% of your HDD storage capacity when creating a file system with the HDD storage option. For frequently requested files, this results in sub-millisecond latencies and increased IOPS. SSD-based metadata servers are available for both SSD-based and HDD-based file systems.

You can also check this out, Amazon Hirepro

Accessing FSx for Lustre file Systems

The amazon FSx for Lustre file systems are accessible from computing workloads that run on Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud instances, Amazon Elastic Container Service (Amazon ECS) Docker containers, and containers that run on Amazon Elastic Kubernetes Service.

Amazon FSx for Lustre is compatible with the most popular Linux-based AMIs, including Amazon Linux 2 and Amazon Linux, Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL), CentOS, Ubuntu, and SUSE Linux. The Lustre client is included with Amazon Linux 2 and Amazon Linux. For RHEL, CentOS, Ubuntu, and AWS Lustre client repository provide clients compatible with these operating systems.

Integrations with AWS services

SageMaker may use Amazon FSx for Lustre as an input data source. When you use SageMaker with FSx for Lustre, you may speed up your machine learning training jobs by skipping the initial download from Amazon S3. Additionally, you save money on S3 requests by eliminating the repetitive download of common objects for iterative operations on the same dataset, lowering your total cost of ownership (TCO).

FSx for Lustre uses EC2 Launch Templates to integrate with AWS Batch. AWS Batch allows you to run batch computing tasks, such as high-performance computing (HPC), machine learning (ML), and other asynchronous workloads, on the AWS Cloud. AWS Batch sizes instances automatically and dynamically based on job resource requirements.

AWS ParallelCluster is integrated with FSx for Lustre. AWS ParallelCluster is an open-source cluster management tool that AWS supports for deploying and managing HPC clusters. During the cluster creation process, it can create FSx for Lustre file systems or use existing file systems.

Security and Compliance

Encryption at rest and in transit is supported by FSx for Lustre file systems. Using keys controlled in AWS Key Management Service, Amazon FSx automatically encrypts file system data at rest (AWS KMS). When accessed from supported Amazon EC2 instances, data in transit is automatically encrypted on file systems in specified AWS Regions. See Data encryption in Amazon FSx for Lustre for more information on data encryption in FSx for Lustre, including AWS Regions that enable data encryption in transit. Amazon FSx has been certified to meet ISO, PCI-DSS, and SOC standards, and is HIPAA compliant. See Security in FSx for Lustre for further details.

Assumptions

We have made the following assumptions:

  • If you use Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2), we assume that you're familiar with that service. For more information on using Amazon EC2, see the Amazon EC2 documentation.
  • We assume that you are familiar with using Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC). For more information on using Amazon VPC, see the Amazon VPC User Guide.

Pricing for Amazon FSx for Lustre

There are no upfront hardware or software costs. You need to pay only for the resources you use, with minimum commitments, setup costs, or additional fees. For the exact details and information regarding the pricing and services, you can use this link https://aws.amazon.com/fsx/lustre/pricing/

Are you a first-time user of Amazon FSx for Lustre?

In case you are a first-time user of Amazon FSx for Lustre, we would recommend you to read the below-given sections:

  1. If you want to create your first Amazon FSx for the Lustre file system, get started with Amazon FSx for Lustre. You can try this link https://docs.aws.amazon.com/fsx/latest/LustreGuide/getting-started.html
  2. In order to get performance information, look for Amazon FSx for Lustre performance. You can try this link https://docs.aws.amazon.com/fsx/latest/LustreGuide/fsx-data-repositories.html
  3. For details regarding the security, look for Security in FSx for Lustre and access this link https://docs.aws.amazon.com/fsx/latest/LustreGuide/security.html

Frequently Asked Questions

What is Amazon ECS?

Amazon ECS Docker contains Amazon EC2 instances that help in accessing Amazon FSx for Lustre.

Why are AWS Organizations built?

AWS Organizations helps users centrally manage and govern your environment as you grow and scale AWS resources.

Conclusion

This article extensively discussed the Amazon Fsx for LustreWe hope that this blog has helped you enhance your knowledge regarding Amazon FSx for Lustre and if you would like to learn more, check out our articles on Coding Ninjas.

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