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Table of contents
1.
Introduction
2.
Launch the Anthos Sample Deployment on Google Cloud
3.
Using the Anthos Dashboard
3.1.
Explore Anthos clusters resources
3.2.
Cluster workloads
3.3.
Services & Ingress
4.
Observing services
5.
Clean up
6.
Anthos technical overview
7.
Computing environment
7.1.
Multi-cluster management
8.
Networking environment
8.1.
Connecting across environments
8.2.
Connecting to Google services
9.
Microservice architecture support
10.
Managed service mesh
11.
Serverless
12.
Secure software supply chain
13.
Consolidated logging and monitoring
14.
Unified user interface
14.1.
Cluster management
14.2.
Service Mesh dashboard
15.
Third-party application marketplace
16.
Setting up Anthos
16.1.
Sample Deployment
16.2.
Anthos requirements
16.3.
Disable Anthos
16.4.
Benefits of Anthos
16.4.1.
Anthos for development
16.4.2.
Anthos for migration
16.4.3.
Anthos for operations
16.4.4.
Anthos for security
17.
Frequently Asked Questions
17.1.
What is the difference between Kubernetes and Anthos?
17.2.
What is Anthos software?
17.3.
Does Anthos support OpenShift?
17.4.
What are the building blocks of Anthos?
18.
Conclusion
Last Updated: Mar 27, 2024

Anthos

Author Muskan Sharma
0 upvote
Leveraging ChatGPT - GenAI as a Microsoft Data Expert
Speaker
Prerita Agarwal
Data Specialist @
23 Jul, 2024 @ 01:30 PM

Introduction

Are you interested in knowing an application management platform, here is a great one: Anthos.

Anthos is a cutting-edge application management platform offering consistent development and operations experience in both cloud and on-premises contexts.

Let's look into Anthos and its related topics.

Launch the Anthos Sample Deployment on Google Cloud

Launch the Anthos Sample Deployment through the Cloud Marketplace on Google Cloud:

  1. Launch the Google Cloud Anthos Sample Deployment
  2. Choose and approve the Google Cloud project you want to use.
  3. Click LAUNCH. While the solution activates a few APIs, it may take several minutes to advance to the deployment settings screen.
  4. To validate that you have successfully run the prerequisites script, tick the box that says, "Confirm that all prerequisites have been met."
  5. To deploy, click. Don't worry if you have to wait a long; deploying the trial can take up to 15 minutes.
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Using the Anthos Dashboard

Anthos offers an out-of-the-box organized view of all the resources used by your applications, including clusters, services, and workloads. This gives you a high-level overview of your resources and the option to drill down to more detailed views as needed to get the low-level data you require.

Explore Anthos clusters resources

The Anthos Clusters page lists every cluster registered to Anthos in your project, including any clusters not hosted by Google Cloud.

  1. Navigate to the Anthos Clusters page in the Google Cloud console.
  2. Click the cluster to access the anthos-sample-cluster1 cluster's fundamental information, such as Type, Control plane version, and Location. In the Cluster features section, you can also view which Anthos features are activated in this cluster.

Cluster workloads

The Workloads view in the Google Kubernetes Engine UI provides a consolidated overview of all the workloads (Pods) running across your GKE clusters.

Services & Ingress

The project's Service and Ingress resources are displayed in the Services & Ingress view. While an Ingress controls access from the outside to the services in a cluster, a Service exposes a collection of pods as a network service with an endpoint.

Observing services

Anthos Service Mesh, a set of tools powered by Istio that enables you to monitor and manage a dependable service mesh, provides Anthos's service management and observability.

  1. Visit the page for the Anthos Service Mesh.’
  2. By default, the page presents the table view, which includes a list of all the microservices in your project, including any system services. Choose boa from the Namespace drop-down menu at the upper left of the page to limit your search to the Bank of Anthos services.

Clean up

After exploring the Anthos Sample Deployment, you can clean up the resources you created on Google Cloud so they don't take up quota and you aren't billed for them in the future.

  • You could get rid of the project. The suggested course of action is this. However, you can use Option 2 to remove the deployment if you still want to keep the project.

Anthos technical overview

In both cloud and on-premises contexts, Anthos is a cutting-edge application management platform that offers a consistent development and operations experience. The layers of the Anthos infrastructure are described in detail on this page, along with examples of how to use their capabilities.

Anthos Technical overview

Computing environment

To manage Kubernetes deployments in the environments where you wish to deploy your applications, Anthos clusters, which extends the GKE for use on Google Cloud, on-premises, or multi-cloud, are used as the primary computing environment.

The control plane and the node components are Kubernetes' two primary components. The following describes how the environments house the control plane and node components for GKE.

  • Anthos on Google Cloud: With Anthos on Google Cloud, the control plane is hosted by Google Cloud, and the only part of the control plane that clients may access is the Kubernetes API server. GKE uses instances in Compute Engine to manage the node components in the customer's project.
  • Anthos on-prem: With Anthos clusters on VMware, all the components are hosted in the customer's on-prem virtualization environment.
  • Anthos clusters on AWS: All the components are hosted in the customer's AWS environment using Anthos clusters on AWS.
  • Anthos on Azure: All components of Anthos on Azure are hosted in the Azure environment of the client.

Multi-cluster management

Using Connect, Anthos clusters may be added to a Google Cloud fleet and controlled as a single cluster in the Anthos dashboard.

Networking environment

This section explains how the networks in your environment interact with Anthos' Kubernetes clusters.

Connecting across environments

There are several ways to link your on-premises, multi-cloud, connected clusters, and Google Cloud environments. Implementing a site-to-site VPN between the environments using Cloud VPN is the simplest method to get started.

Connecting to Google services

For the following services, your Anthos environments outside of Google Cloud must be able to connect to Google's API endpoints.

Networking Environment

Microservice architecture support

Services in Kubernetes are made up of several Pods that run containers. A single application may consist of several services under a microservices architecture, and each service may have different versions released simultaneously.

Features of the Anthos Service Mesh include:

  • Rich routing rules with fine-grained traffic control for HTTP(S), gRPC, and TCP traffic.
  • All HTTP traffic within a cluster, including cluster entry and egress, automatically generates metrics, logs, and traces.
  • Secure service-to-service communication using service account-based authentication and permission
  • assistance with activities like canary rollouts and A/B testing.

Managed service mesh

In addition to offering you all of Istio's capability for workloads operating on Anthos on Google Cloud, Anthos Service Mesh also manages your service mesh environment and gives you several more features:

  • Google Cloud is automatically updated with service metrics and logs for all traffic within your mesh's GKE cluster.
  • In-depth telemetry is displayed on automatically generated dashboards in the Anthos Service Mesh interface, allowing you to dig into your metrics and logs and filter and slice your data on a range of parameters.
  • Relationships between services at a glance: be aware of the services each service depends on as well as the people who connect to them.

Serverless

A developer-focused environment is offered by Cloud Run for Anthos for building cutting-edge apps on the Anthos platform. The underlying platform's complexity is abstracted by Cloud Run for Anthos, making it simpler to produce your customer value faster.

Secure software supply chain

One of the most frequent queries from people working in enterprise security and DevOps is, "How do I trust what is running on my production infrastructure?" That's why Binary Authorization was developed to provide some insight. It is a container security feature built into Anthos clusters that acts as a chokepoint for policy enforcement, ensuring that only signed and approved images are deployed in your environment.

In the era of containerized microservices, where businesses frequently run hundreds or thousands of processes in production, many of which access sensitive and priceless data, this functionality is very helpful. Identity-based deployment control, which limits who can deploy, is not scalable enough to satisfy the demands of businesses with automated build and release infrastructure, where deployments may occur on dozens of teams hundreds of times per day.

Binary authorization is currently under preview for Anthos on Google Cloud and Anthos on-premises.

Consolidated logging and monitoring

Running and maintaining production infrastructure requires access to logs for applications and infrastructure components. A centralized location for log storage and analysis is offered by cloud logging. The internal parts of your cluster's components automatically send logs to Cloud Logging.

Anthos on Google Cloud automatically adds pertinent labels, such as the pod labels, pod name, and cluster name that generated them, to the logs of workloads running inside your clusters. Logs are simpler to explore with sophisticated searches after labeling.

Unified user interface

You can monitor and manage your apps with a secure, unified user interface using the Anthos dashboard in the Google Cloud console, which includes an out-of-the-box structured view of all your Anthos resources. The dashboard's home page provides a runtime status summary for all of your services and clusters and a simple setup process for new users.

Cluster management

Understanding what is running in each environment can be challenging when an organization's Kubernetes cluster count rises. The Anthos cluster administration view gives you access to a secure console where you can check the status of any cluster you've registered and add additional clusters for your project. By registering them with Connect to your Google Cloud project fleet, you can add clusters to this view. Clusters running on VMware, AWS, and Azure are immediately registered. Including clusters outside of Google Cloud, a fleet offers a uniform method to see and manage your clusters and their workloads as part of Anthos.

Service Mesh dashboard

Using the Service Mesh dashboard, you can:

  • View a summary of all the services in your mesh, giving you important, service-level information for three of the four key monitoring indicators: latency, traffic, and errors.
  • Service level objectives (SLOs), which sum up the performance of your service as seen by users, should be defined, reviewed, and monitored via alerts.
  • Look at the metrics charts for specific services and thoroughly evaluate them using filters and breakdowns, such as by response code, protocol, destination Pod, traffic source, and more.
  • Discover the specifics of each service's endpoints, traffic patterns between services, and each communication edge's performance state.

Third-party application marketplace

You'll discover the following in the portfolio of market solutions:

  • Databases
  • Storage options
  • Tools for continuous integration and delivery
  • monitoring techniques
  • Tools for security and compliance

Setting up Anthos

In this, you'll learn how to install Anthos on the platform or platforms of your choice.

Sample Deployment

Use the Anthos Sample Deployment on Google Cloud and follow our tutorial if you want to test out a demo Anthos deployment to investigate Anthos features rather than a production installation. Creating a Google Cloud project is the sole prerequisite for this deployment, which comes with an example application and is already set up.

Anthos requirements

Regardless of your installation choice, the following are necessary for using Anthos:

  • A Google Cloud project. If your business already makes use of Google Cloud, you might have access to a project. To use Google Cloud APIs and enable billing, a project is necessary.
  • Pay for Anthos
  • You must register each cluster to a fleet in order to use it with Anthos. Anthos fees only apply to your registered clusters if you have opted to enable the complete Anthos platform.

Set up your Anthos environment

Follow these steps to set Anthos environment:

  • Set up Anthos on Google Cloud: Installing Anthos on Google Cloud is a simple process that can be done through the Anthos user interface.
  • Create a Distributed Cloud Virtual (on-premises) setup: Anthos offers two bare metal or VMware on-premises installation choices.
  • Set up Anthos on other public clouds: In a multi-cloud or hybrid deployment, Anthos can manage clusters on various public clouds, enabling you to leverage consistent cluster administration and Anthos capabilities.

Add third-party Kubernetes clusters.

Although the Anthos platform is built on Anthos clusters with GKE, you may add unmanaged Kubernetes clusters to Anthos. Even without a complete migration to Anthos clusters, you can utilize many Anthos capabilities on your current systems with associated clusters. By adding clusters to your fleet, you can enable some Anthos capabilities and view them in the console alongside your Anthos clusters.

Disable Anthos

Customers of the pay-as-you-go Anthos platform can disable Anthos and immediately halt Anthos billing. Your right to utilize Anthos' features and components will be removed.

Benefits of Anthos

Anthos is a platform of unique services that collaborate to provide value throughout the organization. The benefits each group will experience are discussed in this part, along with how the various roles might use them within a company.

Anthos for development

Anthos offers a cutting-edge Kubernetes-based container management platform for developers. This platform enables developers to quickly and simply create new container-based applications and microservices-based architectures and deploy them.

Anthos for migration

Anthos has a migration feature called Migrate to Containers, enabling you to orchestrate migrations using Kubernetes.

Anthos for operations

Anthos offers the operations team consolidated, effective, and templated cluster deployment and management, enabling the team to quickly provision and manage the infrastructure that complies with company standards.

Anthos for security

Using a configuration-as-code methodology and centralized management, Anthos offers the capability to impose security rules on clusters, deployed applications, and even the configuration management workflow.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the difference between Kubernetes and Anthos?

The main distinction between the two is that Google Cloud Anthos, which manages the issue of many clusters, is an improvement above Kubernetes clusters. The number of clusters necessary to efficiently run services will determine whether Anthos or K8s are required.

What is Anthos software?

 Anthos is a managed platform for both conventional and cloud-native application deployments. You can create and oversee large fleets while maintaining operational uniformity.

Does Anthos support OpenShift?

You can install Cloud Monitoring as described in Building your foundation if your present solution is hosted on OpenShift, or you can implement Prometheus and Grafana with Anthos clusters on VMware.

What are the building blocks of Anthos?

Anthos's main components are GKE, GKE On-Prem, Istio, and Anthos Config Management.

Conclusion

This blog has extensively discussed Anthos Clusters on Azure, How to deploy an application on Anthos Clusters on Azure, creating a cluster, cluster architecture, etc. We hope This article was helpful and enhanced your knowledge about the Anthos Clusters on Azure. If you want to learn more deeply, check out the excellent content on the Coding Ninjas Website: Cloud Logging in GCP, Monitoring Agent, Identity Access Management

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