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Table of contents
1.
Introduction 
2.
Ruby
3.
Assignment in Ruby
4.
Abbreviated Assignment in Ruby
4.1.
Implicit Array Assignment in Ruby
4.2.
Array Decomposition during an Assignment 
5.
Frequently Asked Questions
5.1.
What is Ruby?
5.2.
Ruby is said to be a combination of which five languages?
5.3.
What do you understand by assignment in ruby?
5.4.
Is Ruby Case Sensitive?
5.5.
What do you understand by parallel assignment in ruby?
6.
Conclusion
Last Updated: Mar 27, 2024
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Assignment in Ruby

Author Gaurav Joshi
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Data structures & algorithms (Beginner to Intermediate)
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Introduction 

Like high school mathematics, we used to assign values to variables using an equal sign. Assignment in ruby is also done using the assignment operator. Assignment in ruby stands for assigning values to variables or simply assigning values from right side operands to left side operands. 

We will discuss the assignment in Ruby in detail in the below section, but before that, having some knowledge about Ruby will benefit us; let's look into it before starting with the assignment in ruby.

Ruby

Ruby logo

Ruby

 

Ruby is an open-source dynamic language with natural and easy-to-read/write syntax. Ruby is a language of careful balance and is a perfect blend of five different languages  (Perl, Smalltalk, Eiffel, Ada, and Lisp). Often, its creator  Yukihiro "Matz" Matsumoto considers ruby as a human being in the sense that the way human beings are simple from the outside but complex from the inside. Like human bodies, ruby is simple in appearance but complex on the inside. So I think you get to know in brief about ruby, so let us discuss identifiers in ruby.

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Assignment in Ruby

Nonoverridable = operator does Assignment in Ruby. It helps us to assign value to a particular variable. For example, look into the below value assignment in ruby. Value 1 is assigned to variable x

X = 1

 

We  can combine value assignment in ruby with other operators such as '+' and '-' :

X += 1  # This help's us in the increment of x.Please note Ruby does not have any ++ like C++ and Java.
Y -= 1  # This helps us in the Decrement of y. Please note Ruby does not have any -- like C++ and Java.


Ruby does support parallel assignments. By parallel assignment, we mean it allows more than one value and more than one variable in the assignment expressions:

x, y = 1, 2 # This Expression is similar to saying x = 1; y = 2
a, b = b, a # This line of code swap the value of two variables
x,y,z = [1,2,3] # Array elements automatically assigned to variables


Returning more than one value is allowed for methods in ruby, and parallel assignment helps in conjunction with such methods.

For example:

CODE 

# Convert_to_polar method helps to convert Cartesian (x,y) coordinates to Polar
def convert_to_polar(x,y)
 
 # Angle Computation  
 angle = Math.atan2(y,x) \
 
 # Computing Distance
 distance = Math.hypot(x,y) 
 
 # Return Distance and Angle 
 [distance, angle] # The last expression is the return value
end

# Using Parallel Assignment to collect 
distance, angle = convert_to_polar(2,2)
puts distance
puts angle


OUTPUT

Output

 

All Methods ending with an equals sign (=) are special because Ruby allows them to be invoked using assignment syntax. If an object o has a method named x=, then the following two lines of code do the very same thing:

o.x=(1) # Normal method invocation syntax 
o.x = 1 # Method invocation through assignment


This is just a straightforward method of assigning values to a variable. But ruby does support multiple types of assignments. Let's understand all the different types of assignments ruby supports

Abbreviated Assignment in Ruby

Ruby supports abbreviated assignments. We can mix several operators with the assignment. E.g. Adding one to an object, we can write. 

CODE

# Abbreviated Assignment for var
var = 1
var += 2
puts var 
# Above Code is similar to the following below code
var = 1
var = var + 2
puts var


OUTPUT

CODE OUTPUT

We can use multiple operators in the same way. Operators like +, -, *, /, %, **, &, |, ^, <<, >> could be added in together with assignment operator. There are also ||= and &&=. The former would make an assignment if the value were nil or false, while the &&=  completes an assignment if the value stood not nil or false.

Implicit Array Assignment in Ruby

Ruby allows us to implicitly create an array by listing multiple values during the assignment. Below program implicitly creates an Array during the assignment. We can also see how using  * or the “splat” operator or unpack an Array while assigning somewhat resembles the multiple assignments we looked at above.

CODE

a = "This", "Is", "Implicit", "Array", "Assignment"
print a 
a = *[10, 20, 30]
puts
print a # prints [10, 20, 30]
a = 10, *[20, 30]
puts
print a # prints [10, 20, 30]


OUTPUT

CODE OUTPUT

Array Decomposition during an Assignment 

Ruby allows Array decomposition in method arguments. Ruby allows us to decompose an Array during an assignment by using parenthesis. We can decompose an Array as part of more significant multiple assignments. Since each decomposition is considered its multiple assignments, we can also use * to gather arguments in the decomposition.

CODE

(a, b) = ["Coding", "Ninja"]
puts a: a, b: b # prints {:a=> Coding, :b=>Ninja}
a, (b, c) = "Coding", ["Ninja", "Best"]
puts a: a, b: b, c: c # prints {:a=>Coding, :b=>Ninja, :c=>Best}
a, (b, *c), *d = 1, [2, 3, 4], 5, 6
puts a: a, b: b, c: c, d: d
# prints {:a=>1, :b=>2, :c=>[3, 4], :d=>[5, 6]}


OUTPUT

CODE OUTPUT

Frequently Asked Questions

What is Ruby?

Ruby is an open-source dynamic language with natural and easy-to-read/write syntax. Ruby is a careful balance language and a perfect blend of five different languages.

Ruby is said to be a combination of which five languages?

Ruby, an open-source dynamic language, is a perfect blend of five different languages (Perl, Smalltalk, Eiffel, Ada, and Lisp).

What do you understand by assignment in ruby?

Nonoverridale = operator does Assignment in Ruby. It helps us to assign value to a particular variable. For example, look into the below value assignment in ruby. Value 1 is assigned to variable x

X = 1

Is Ruby Case Sensitive?

Ruby is a case-sensitive language, which means lowercase identifiers in ruby are different from uppercase identifiers. E.g. Like_This is entirely different from LIKE_THIS. Similarly, Start is different from START.

What do you understand by parallel assignment in ruby?

Parallel Assignment in ruby means supporting more than one value and variable in assignment expression. Ruby Ruby does support parallel assignments Eg.

x, y = 1, 2 # This Expression is similar to saying x = 1; y = 2

Conclusion

In this article, we have studied the value assignment in Ruby in detail and also briefly explored multiple types of value assignment in ruby covering all about it. 

Also, visit our Guided Path in  Coding Ninjas Studio to learn about  Ruby. If you are preparing for an interview, visit our Interview Experience Section and interview bundle for placement preparations. Upskill yourself in Ruby on RailsBackend Web TechnologiesHadoopSQL, MongoDB, Data Structures and Algorithms, JavaScript,  System Design, and much more!. Please upvote our blogs if you find them engaging and helpful! I wish you all the best for your future adventures and Happy Coding. 

To learn more, refer to Operational DatabasesNon- relational databasesMongoDBTop-100-SQL-problemsinterview-experienceIntroduction to ruby on railsDirectory Structure in RubyRuby on RailsRuby vs Python. You can also refer to the Official RubyRubyOfficial DocumentationRuby FAQRuby KoansRuby DocWhy Ruby?

We expect that this article must have helped you enhance your knowledge on the topic of Ruby. Do upvote our blog to help other ninjas grow.

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