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Table of contents
Attack With Model With Adversarial Goals
How Adversarial Attacks Works
Poisoning Attack
Evasion Attacks
Model Extraction
Defense Against Training Attacks
Defense Against Testing Attacks
Python Libraries For Adversarial ML
Frequently Asked Questions
What is an adversarial attack on a machine learning model?
How many types of adversarial attacks are there?
What are adversarial Examples? 
Last Updated: Mar 27, 2024

Attack With Model With Adversarial Goals

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Hello, readers. In this article, we will learn about the attack with model with adversarial goals. Adversarial machine learning, or using false data to trick models, is an increasing danger in AI and machine learning. This is also important in Cybersecurity, the technique of safeguarding computing systems from digital attacks.

attack with model with adversarial goals

Let’s start the topic of Attack With Model With Adversarial Goals by understanding attack first, not the physical one but the one in ML.


An attack or cyberattack targets an enterprise's cyberspace usage to disrupt, disable, damage, or maliciously manage a computing environment/infrastructure, destroy the integrity of the data, or steal controlled information.

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Attack With Model With Adversarial Goals

An adversarial attack is a strategy for producing adversarial examples. As a result, an adversarial example is a machine learning model input that is explicitly intended to cause the model to make an error in its estimations despite seeming an acceptable input to a human.

Adversarial machine learning launches harmful attacks using publicly available model information. Such adversarial approaches seek to constrain classifier performance on specific tasks by feeding the models incorrect data.

The primary purpose of such attacks is to fool the model into revealing sensitive information, generating inaccurate predictions, or corrupting it.

Adversarial attacks produce bogus data in order to deceive classifiers. Such inputs are purposefully designed to cause ML models to fail. They are corrupt copies of original data that serve as optical illusions for machines.

Most research on adversarial machine learning has been conducted in image recognition, where photos are doctored so that the classifier makes false predictions.

How Adversarial Attacks Works

There are several adversarial attacks that can be used against machine learning systems. Many of these are based on deep learning systems as well as classic machine learning models. 

adversarial ml attacks

Adversarial attacks are divided into the following categories: Poisoning Attack, Evasion Attacks, and Model Extraction.

Poisoning Attack

The attacker modifies the training data or its labels, causing the model to perform poorly during deployment. As a result, Poisoning is simply adverse contamination of training data.

Because ML systems can be re-trained with information recorded during operation, an attacker could contaminate the data by inserting malicious samples during the process, disrupting or influencing re-training.

Evasion Attacks

Evasion attacks are the most common and well-studied sorts of attacks. During deployment, the attacker manipulates the data in order to fool previously trained classifiers. They are the most practical forms of assaults and the most commonly used attacks on breach and malware scenarios since they are executed during the deployment process.

Attackers frequently try to avoid detection by disguising the contents of malware or spam emails. As a result, samples are adjusted to avoid detection while being identified as legal without directly affecting the training data. Spoofing attacks against biometric verification systems are examples of evasion.

Model Extraction

An attacker investigating a black box machine learning system to either reconstruct the model or recover the data it was trained on is what model stealing or model extraction entails. This is particularly important when the training data or the model is sensitive and confidential. Model extraction attacks, for example, can be used to steal a stock market prediction model that the adversary can then utilize for financial gain.


The simple 3 steps should be taken to protect an ML system from Adversarial ML attacks:

Step 1: Identify potential ML system vulnerabilities.

Step 2: First, build and conduct related attacks, and assess their impact on the system.

Step 3: Offer several solutions to safeguard the machine learning system from the identified threats.

All defense techniques result in some system performance overhead as well as a reduction in model accuracy.

defense against adversarial ml attacks

Defense Against Training Attacks

Defense against training attacks attempts to strengthen the training set by eliminating records that produce high error rates. For example, Data Encryption, Data sanitization, and Robust statistics are used to defend against training attacks.

Defense Against Testing Attacks

Defense against testing attacks is used during the training phase, but it is intended to defend the system during the testing phase. It attempts to lessen the impact of an adversary's disruptions on the model.

Many techniques exist to protect a system from testing attacks, such as Adversarial Training, which injects new inputs with adversarial disruptions and correct output labels into the training data to minimize errors caused by adversarial data.

Python Libraries For Adversarial ML

To deal with an attack with model with adversarial goals, Many Python libraries exist, such as the following ones:

Adversarial Robustness Toolbox: ART provides tools for developers and researchers to protect and evaluate ML models and apps against adversarial threats such as evasion, poisoning, extraction, and inference.

Cleverhans: It is a Python package for testing the vulnerability of ML systems to adversarial examples.

Foolbox: It is a Python library that allows you to easily perform adversarial attacks against machine learning models such as deep neural networks. It is built on EagerPy and works natively with models in PyTorch, TensorFlow, and JAX.

Scratchai: It is a Deep Learning library with the goal of storing all Deep Learning algorithms. With simple calls to perform all common AI functions.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is an adversarial attack on a machine learning model?

An adversarial attack is a strategy for producing adversarial examples. As a result, an adversarial example is a machine learning model input explicitly intended to cause the model to make an error in its estimations despite seeming an acceptable input to a human.

How many types of adversarial attacks are there?

There are 3 main types of adversarial attacks:  poisoning attack, evasion attack, and model extraction.

What are adversarial Examples? 

Adversarial examples are machine learning model inputs that an attacker has purposefully constructed to cause the model to make a mistake. An adversarial example is a twisted version of valid information damaged by adding a slight magnitude disturbance.


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