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Table of contents
1.
Introduction
2.
Elastic Beanstalk concepts 
2.1.
Application 
2.2.
Application version
2.3.
Environment
2.4.
Environment Tier
2.5.
Environment configuration 
2.6.
Saved configuration 
2.7.
Platform 
3.
Getting started using Elastic Beanstalk 
3.1.
Setting up: Create an AWS account 
3.2.
Create an application and an environment 
3.3.
Explore your environment
3.4.
Deploy a new version of your application  
3.5.
Configure your environment 
3.6.
Clean up 
4.
Service roles, instance profiles, and user policies 
4.1.
Elastic Beanstalk service role 
4.2.
Elastic Beanstalk instance profile 
4.3.
Elastic Beanstalk user policy
5.
AWS Elastic Beanstalk security
5.1.
Identity and access management
5.2.
Logging and monitoring in Elastic Beanstalk 
5.3.
Compliance validation 
5.4.
Resilience 
5.5.
Infrastructure security 
5.6.
Configuration and vulnerability analysis 
5.7.
Security best practices for Elastic Beanstalk
6.
Frequently Asked Questions
6.1.
What is Elastic Beanstalk?
6.2.
What is Elastic Beanstalk's service role? 
6.3.
What is Compliance validation?
7.
Conclusion
Last Updated: Mar 27, 2024
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AWS Elastic Beanstalk

Author Tarun Singh
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Introduction

Amazon Web Services is a collection of over a hundred services, exposing a different set of capabilities. While various services allow you to manage your AWS infrastructure, it can be challenging to decide which benefits to employ and how to supply them. You can quickly install and manage applications in the AWS Cloud using Elastic Beanstalk without learning about the infrastructure that supports them. Elastic Beanstalk simplifies management without limiting options or control. You upload your app, and Elastic Beanstalk takes care of capacity provisioning, load balancing, scaling, and application health monitoring. 

Elastic Beanstalk concepts 

You may use AWS Elastic Beanstalk to handle all of your application's resources as environments. Here are some of the most critical Elastic Beanstalk ideas. 

Elastic Beanstalk is a tool for high-level deployment. It allows you to quickly move an app from your desktop to the web. It manages the technical aspects of your hosting environment such as:

1. Provisioning of capacity

2. Balancing the burden

3. Scaling

4. Checking the application's health

The infrastructure and software stack to be used in a specific environment are defined by a platform configuration. Elastic Beanstalk creates a collection of AWS resources when you publish your project. 

Following are some of the terms related to AWS Elastic Beanstalk:

Application 

An Elastic Beanstalk application is a logical collection of Elastic Beanstalk components, including environments, versions, and environment configurations. An application in Elastic Beanstalk is essentially equivalent to a folder.

Application version

An application version in Elastic Beanstalk is a designated iteration of deployable code for a web application. An Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) object containing deployable code, such as a Java WAR file, is referenced by an application version. A version of an application is a subset of the application. Applications can have multiple versions, each of which is distinct. 

Environment

An environment is a set of AWS resources used to run a specific application version. Each domain can only execute one application version at a time, but you can run the same or different application versions in several environments simultaneously. Elastic Beanstalk provides the resources needed to run the application version you choose when you build an environment.

Environment Tier

You must first select an environment tier before launching an Elastic Beanstalk environment. The environment tier specifies the application that runs in the environment and the resources that Elastic Beanstalk makes available to support it. A web server environment tier hosts an application that serves HTTP requests. 

Environment configuration 

A collection of parameters and settings that specify how an environment and its related resources behave is referred to as an environment configuration. Elastic Beanstalk automatically changes existing resources or deletes and deploys new resources when you alter an environment's configuration settings (depending on the type of change).

Saved configuration 

A stored configuration is a starting point for developing custom environment setups. Using the Elastic Beanstalk terminal, EB CLI, AWS CLI, or API, you may create and change saved configurations and apply them to environments. Saved configurations are configuration templates in the API and the AWS CLI.

Platform 

An operating system, programming language runtime, web server, application server, and Elastic Beanstalk components make up a platform. You create and target a platform for your web application. You may create your applications on a variety of platforms with Elastic Beanstalk.

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Getting started using Elastic Beanstalk 

Setting up: Create an AWS account 

If you are not already an AWS customer, you must create an AWS account. Signing up gives you access to Elastic Beanstalk and other AWS services.

Link for signup page: LINK.

Create an application and an environment 

You'll utilize the Create a web app console wizard to build your sample project. It launches an environment within an Elastic Beanstalk application. The collection of AWS resources required to run your application code is referred to as an environment.  

Explore your environment

Use the environment page in the Elastic Beanstalk console to get a quick overview of your Elastic Beanstalk application's environment. The top-level information about your environment is displayed in the environment overview window. This information comprises the application's name, URL, current health status, name of the currently deployed application, and platform versions. 

Deploy a new version of your application  

You may need to deploy a new version of your program regularly. As long as no other update activities are in process on your environment, you can deploy a new version at any time. Sample Application is the application version with which you began this training.   

Configure your environment 

You can tailor your environment to your application's needs. You can modify the type of Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instance executing your application, for example, if it is a compute-intensive application. Elastic Beanstalk does an environment update to implement configuration changes.

Clean up 

Congratulations! You've successfully deployed a sample application to the AWS Cloud, updated its configuration to add a second Auto Scaling instance, and published a new version. Delete all application versions and terminate the environment to avoid being charged for services you aren't utilizing. 

Service roles, instance profiles, and user policies 

AWS Elastic Beanstalk prompts you to supply the following AWS Identity and Identity Access Management (IAM) roles when you build an environment. 

Elastic Beanstalk service role 

Elastic Beanstalk adopts a service role when it calls to other services on your behalf. Elastic Beanstalk, for example, employs a service role to acquire data from the Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2), Elastic Load Balancing, and Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling APIs. This data might include the health of its AWS resources, allowing for better health monitoring.

Elastic Beanstalk instance profile 

In your Elastic Beanstalk environment, an instance profile is an IAM role that is applied to instances that are launched. When you create an Elastic Beanstalk environment, you choose the instance profile that will be utilized when your samples are launched. If your web application requires access to other AWS services, provide statements or managed policies in the instance profile that grant access. 

Elastic Beanstalk user policy

To prevent utilizing your root account or sharing credentials, create IAM users for each user who uses Elastic Beanstalk. Only provide these users permissions to access services and features they require as a security best practice. Not only does Elastic Beanstalk need permissions for its API actions, but it also needs access to multiple other AWS services. 

AWS Elastic Beanstalk security

At AWS, cloud security is a principal focus. As an AWS customer, you have access to a data center and network architecture designed to fulfill the needs of the most security-conscious businesses.

Security of the Cloud: AWS is in charge of safeguarding the infrastructure that underpins all of the AWS Cloud's services and providing you with secure access to those services. At AWS, security is the top priority. 

Security in the Cloud: The AWS service you use, as well as other criteria such as the sensitivity of your data, your organization's requirements, and applicable laws and regulations, define your responsibilities. 

Following are the some of the security configurations you should consider when using  Elastic Beanstalk:

Identity and access management

AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) is a service provided by Amazon Web Services that allows administrators to manage access to AWS services securely. Authentication (signing in) and authorization (having permissions) to use AWS Elastic Beanstalk resources are controlled by IAM administrators. IAM is a free AWS feature that you can use whenever you want.

Logging and monitoring in Elastic Beanstalk 

Monitoring is essential for keeping AWS Elastic Beanstalk and your AWS solutions reliable, available, and performant. If a multipoint failure occurs, you should collect monitoring data from all aspects of your AWS solution to more readily diagnose it. AWS provides some tools for monitoring and responding to any events with your Elastic Beanstalk resources.

Compliance validation 

Third-party auditors evaluate the security and compliance of AWS Elastic Beanstalk as part of numerous AWS compliance programs. SOC, PCI, FedRAMP, HIPAA, and others are among them. AWS keeps a list of AWS services covered by specific compliance programs up to date at AWS Services in Scope by Compliance Program. 

Resilience 

AWS Regions and Availability Zones form the foundation of the company's global infrastructure. Multiple physically separated and isolated Availability Zones are joined by low-latency, high-throughput, and highly redundant networking in AWS Regions.

You may create and operate applications and databases that automatically failover between Availability Zones without interruption using Availability Zones. 

Infrastructure security 

AWS Elastic Beanstalk is safeguarded as a managed service by the AWS global network security protocols detailed in the whitepaper Amazon Web Services: Overview of Security Processes.

To connect to Elastic Beanstalk over the network, you use AWS published API methods. Clients must also implement cipher suites that provide perfect forward secrecy (PFS), such as Ephemeral Diffie-Hellman (DHE) or Elliptic Curve Ephemeral Diffie-Hellman (EC-DHE) (ECDHE). 

Configuration and vulnerability analysis 

AWS and our customers are responsible for ensuring that software components are secure and compliant. AWS Elastic Beanstalk's managed updates capability aids you in fulfilling your part of the shared responsibility model. This capability automatically upgrades an Elastic Beanstalk-supported platform version with patches and minor updates. 

Security best practices for Elastic Beanstalk

AWS Elastic Beanstalk gives numerous security options to consider when developing and implementing your security policies. The best practices listed here are only guidelines and do not constitute a complete security solution. Because these best practices may or may not be relevant or sufficient for your situation, think of them as suggestions rather than prescriptions. 

Frequently Asked Questions

What is Elastic Beanstalk?

 Amazon Web Services' Elastic Beanstalk is an orchestration solution for delivering applications that orchestrate multiple AWS services such as EC2, S3, Simple Notification Service, CloudWatch, autoscaling, and Elastic Load Balancers.  

What is Elastic Beanstalk's service role? 

Elastic Beanstalk adopts a service role when it calls to other services on your behalf. Elastic Beanstalk, for example, employs a service role to acquire data from the Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2), Elastic Load Balancing, and Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling APIs.

What is Compliance validation?

Third-party auditors evaluate the security and compliance of AWS Elastic Beanstalk as part of numerous AWS compliance programs. SOC, PCI, FedRAMP, HIPAA, and others are among them. AWS keeps a list of AWS services covered by specific compliance programs up to date at AWS Services in Scope by Compliance Program.

Conclusion

In this article, we have briefly discussed  AWS Elastic Beanstalk. Further, we will learn how to use it and AWS Elastic Beanstalk subtopics.

I hope you have gained some insight into this topic of AWS Elastic Beanstalk, and by now, you must have developed a clear understanding of them. You can learn more about such topics on our platform Coding Ninjas Studio.    

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