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Table of contents
1.
Introduction
2.
Azure DevOps Interview Questions for Beginners
2.1.
1. What is DevOps?
2.2.
2. What is the lifecycle of Azure DevOps?
2.3.
3. What are the parts of Azure DevOps?
2.4.
4. Why do we prefer DevOps over traditional software development?
2.5.
5. What are the various phases involved in DevOps?
2.6.
6. Mention some advantages of Azure DevOps.
2.7.
7. Name some famous tools of DevOps.
2.8.
8. Describe Azure boards.
2.9.
9. Explain Azure repos.
2.10.
10. What are pipelines in Azure?
2.11.
11. What do you know about the test plans of Azure?
2.12.
12. How does Selenium contribute to DevOps?
2.13.
13. What key features does Memcached offer that are significant?
2.14.
14. How can the Dogpile effect be prevented and what exactly is it?
2.15.
15. Define continuous monitoring.
3.
Intermediate Azure DevOps Interview Questions
3.1.
16. What does the term 'Forking Workflow' refer to?
3.2.
17. Can Scale sets of Azure work with its Availability sets?
3.3.
18. What kind of services are provided by Azure DevOps?
3.4.
19. Name different types of DevOps solution architecture.
3.5.
20. Compare DevOps and Agile methodologies.
3.6.
21. List some features of Azure boards that make them so popular.
3.7.
22. Describe availability sets.
3.8.
23. What do you know about virtual machine scale sets?
3.9.
24. Do you have any knowledge regarding Fault domains?
3.10.
25. Define Update domains.
3.11.
26. Briefly explain containers.
3.12.
27. Which containers are supported by Azure DevOps?
3.13.
28. What do you understand about Network security groups?
4.
Advanced Azure DevOps Interview Questions for Experienced
4.1.
29. Briefly explain break-fix issues.
4.2.
30. What is VNet?
4.3.
31. Differentiate between Azure DevOps services and Azure DevOps Server?
4.4.
32. Differentiate Subscription Administrator and Directory Administrator.
4.5.
33. Explain Azure service fabric.
4.6.
34. Why Azure pipelines, continuous integration, and continuous development are used together?
4.7.
35. Why do we use the Azure active directory?
4.8.
36. In case you fail maximum attempts of authentication in Azure, what will happen?
4.9.
37. What do you know about DevOps Toolchain?
4.10.
38. Describe Azure Redis cache.
5.
Frequently Asked Questions
5.1.
How do I prepare for an Azure DevOps interview?
5.2.
What language is used in Azure DevOps?
5.3.
What is the other name of Azure DevOps?
5.4.
Name some of the tools for continuous monitoring.
5.5.
What are the key components of Azure DevOps?
6.
Conclusion
Last Updated: May 21, 2024
Medium

Azure DevOps Interview Questions

Author Rupal Saluja
0 upvote
Master Power BI using Netflix Data
Speaker
Ashwin Goyal
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18 Jun, 2024 @ 01:30 PM

Introduction

Microsoft Azure was designed and developed by Microsoft IT professionals to offer numerous services required to facilitate cloud computing. Also, it helps in building management as well as application management. DevOps has become the craze recently and it’s no wonder if its demand increases in the near future.

Azure Devops Interview Questions and Answers (2023)

This quick guide on Azure DevOps Interview Questions is going to help a lot if you are preparing for an interview regarding the same in the future.

This whole blog consists of the 30 most popular Azure DevOps interview questions and answers, so without wasting, let’s get started.

Azure DevOps Interview Questions for Beginners

1. What is DevOps?

Microsoft has come with a new version of Microsoft VSTS known as Azure DevOps. This is used for project planning using some templates and a few tools of Azure. It manages and runs the already made plans of the test, that is for solution deployment using various platforms.

2. What is the lifecycle of Azure DevOps?

The lifecycle of Azure DevOps involves several stages:

  • Plan: Identify tasks, set priorities, and manage work items.
  • Develop: Write the code and collaborate by using version control.
  • Build: It automates builds, compiles code, and runs tests.
  • Test: Validates functionality and quality through testing.
  • Deploy: Automates deployment to different environments.
  • Monitor: Monitor application performance and health.
  • Feedback: Gather user feedback and make improvements.

3. What are the parts of Azure DevOps?

Azure DevOps consists of various parts:

  • Azure Boards: It plans and tracks work items.
  • Azure Repos: It manages source code using version control.
  • Azure Pipelines: It builds, test, and deploy code.
  • Azure Test Plans: It works testing efforts.
  • Azure Artifacts: It stores and shares packages.
  • Azure DevOps Services: It provides cloud platform hosting services.
  • Azure DevOps Server: On-premises version.

4. Why do we prefer DevOps over traditional software development?

There can be many reasons why we prefer DevOps over traditional software development. A few are mentioned below.

  • The code deployment time after the development in traditional software development was huge.
  • Common fights between the Development team and the Deployment team could be heard.
  • Using DevOps removes ambiguity which can arise in many stages of application development.

5. What are the various phases involved in DevOps?

The several phases involved in the process of DevOps are:

  1. Plan
  2. Code
  3. Build
  4. Test
  5. Integrate
  6. Deploy
  7. Operate
  8. Monitor

6. Mention some advantages of Azure DevOps.

Some prominent advantages of Azure DevOps are mentioned below.

  • Continuous delivery of software.
  • Complex problem-solving.
  • Quick identification of problems and immediate solving.
  • Quick transportation of Features
  • Maintenance of secure working environment.

7. Name some famous tools of DevOps.

Following are some of the famous tools of DevOps.

  • Jenkin
  • Bamboo
  • TeamCity
  • JIRA
  • Zoom
  • Asana
  • Git
  • Github

8. Describe Azure boards.

A service of DevOps that is used to manage any software project is known as Azure boards. Various sets of functions, such as dashboards, reporting, scrum, and kanban are offered by it. Some prominent features include queries, backlogs, dashboards, sprints, and work items.

9. Explain Azure repos.

Azure Repos is nothing but a system version control that is used to manage code and project-related stuff by using the development lifecycle. We use Azure repos, to track changes for the code, facilitate coordination between teams and collaborate on changes for future use.

10. What are pipelines in Azure?

Pipelines are one of the most important and essential Azure cloud services. It is used to build and test the project codes automatically. With the help of major languages and types of the project, these pipelines work very productively. Also, it shares project code with other customers. Here, by project code, we mean the details of the functions and methods used to deploy the project.

11. What do you know about the test plans of Azure?

The test plans are another important part of the services provided by Azure that offers solutions for test management. It offers certain essential abilities such as exploratory testing, customer testing, manual testing, etc. It facilitates testing automation by maintaining an extensive browser with testing exploration and feedback mechanisms essentially required for product development.

12. How does Selenium contribute to DevOps?

Selenium helps DevOps by automating web testing:

  • Faster testing saves time by automating manual tests.
  • Fits into DevOps pipelines for testing at every stage.
  • Identifies issues early and ensures stable releases.
  • Tests run the same way each time for consistent results.

13. What key features does Memcached offer that are significant?

The key features offered by Memcached are:

  • In-memory caching: Speeds up data access.
  • Distributed architecture: Scalability for high loads.
  • Simple key-value store: Quick data retrieval.
  • Caching strategies: Flexible data caching rules.
     

14. How can the Dogpile effect be prevented and what exactly is it?

The dogpile effect is when the cache expires; multiple requests overload the system. Cache "lock" during refresh, serve old data, and refresh the store in the background. It avoids points in recommendations and ensures smooth performance.
For Example, Update the cache gradually and reduce server stress.

15. Define continuous monitoring.

We know that Agile and DevOps projects are developed continuously by adopting speculations. When the development is continuous, monitoring also has to be continuous. This phenomenon is known as continuous monitoring. Certain things monitored are progress, infrastructure, infatuation, etc. Here, process visualization is used to gain quick alerts in real-time.

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Intermediate Azure DevOps Interview Questions

16. What does the term 'Forking Workflow' refer to?

The 'Forking Workflow' is a development method where contributors copy a project's code, make changes in their copy, and suggest changes to the original project through pull requests. It is common in open-source projects for collaborative and reviewed coding.

17. Can Scale sets of Azure work with its Availability sets?

Yes, scale sets of Azure have to work with its Availability sets. This is because we know that scale sets are groups that contain fault domains and update domains. These domains work in accordance with the Availability sets. Therefore, it is necessary for Scale sets to work with availability sets.

18. What kind of services are provided by Azure DevOps?

Azure DevOps facilitates the complete application management from top to down. When we say complete, it means from the very first to the last, each step can be managed using Azure DevOps. This lifecycle of application includes planning, coding, testing, building, and deployment.

19. Name different types of DevOps solution architecture.

To learn about different types of DevOps solution architecture, refer to the list below.

  • CI/CD for Containers
  • Immutable Infrastructure CI/CD using Jenkins and Terraform on Azure Virtual Architecture
  • DevTest image factory
  • CI/CD for Azure VMs
  • CI/CD for Azure Web Apps
  • Container CI/CD using Jenkins and Kubernetes on Azure Kubernetes Service
  • Java CI/CD using Jenkins and Azure Web Apps

20. Compare DevOps and Agile methodologies.

To learn about the difference between DevOps and Agile methodologies, refer to the table below.

DevOpsAgile Methodology
It is a technical practice that will give end-to-end solutions.It is a type of procedure for software development.
DevOps is a complete practice in itself, and deployment is just a part of it.It is like a link between designing and DeveOps.
It aligns Ops with stability. It has nothing to do with business priorities or the speed of the development process. It takes into consideration some business priorities, and as a result, it speeds up the development process.          

21. List some features of Azure boards that make them so popular.

The certain features of Azure boards that have become the reasons for their popularity are mentioned below in the list.

  • Advantage of Extensibility
  • Chance to begin with no cost
  • Simple customization
  • Interactive visual tools
  • Simple Identification of needs
  • Notifications of changes
  • Can be used for social communication
  • Dashboards for observing progress and status

22. Describe availability sets.

The logical groups of virtual machines that help us to find how our application is being made in Azure are called availability sets. The advantage here is that using virtual machines in a set offers higher availability.

If we use a single virtual machine then the availability will be less and functioning will be affected further.

23. What do you know about virtual machine scale sets?

When we want to deploy or manage a pair of twin VMs, we use a computer resource known as virtual machine scale sets. As the name suggests, this resource is always present in the form of a set designed with a configuration similar to that of true autoscale. 

24. Do you have any knowledge regarding Fault domains?

Such logical groups which belong to hardware and can share the same network and power source are known as Fault domains. These are used to organize data centers which will be used when we will design our virtual machines using the availability sets.

25. Define Update domains.

Like any other domain, the Update domain is also used to organize data centers. The only feature that differentiates the Update domain from other domains is that it can be maintained and rebooted at the same time. So, the application should not be bothered to wait for the domain to be rebooted before using it.

26. Briefly explain containers.

Basically, containers provide us with a simple and efficient way to run a service that a  pipeline demands. It is a software code approach that combines dependencies, packages, and configuration together in a project so that they can become a part of the service.

27. Which containers are supported by Azure DevOps?

Azure DevOps supports the use of Docker containers for building, testing, and deploying applications. It's compatible with both Windows and Linux containers.

28. What do you understand about Network security groups?

By the term security groups, it is clear that it has something to do with access. Network security groups contain access control lists in the form of NIC which may give permission to the traffic of subnets or can just neglect it. A single NIC can be connected to a single subnet or a group of subnets.

Advanced Azure DevOps Interview Questions for Experienced

29. Briefly explain break-fix issues.

Such issues which belong to industrial technical work and support are called nothing but break-fix issues. These come into the picture when technical support fails in functioning normally. To restore the work order back to usual, there will always be a need for a supportive organization.

30. What is VNet?

To perform rendering of our cloud network, we use VNet. Rendering is done so that the launched cloud instances are completely isolated from the remaining resources, hence nothing else is disturbed except the network on which the operation is being done.

31. Differentiate between Azure DevOps services and Azure DevOps Server?

AspectAzure DevOps ServicesAzure DevOps Server
Deployment Cloud-based On-premises
HostingManaged by MicrosoftSelf-hosted
ScalabilityEasily scalable  Scalability depends on resources
CustomizationLimited customization Extensive customization
Infrastructure Control Managed by Microsoft Managed by organization

32. Differentiate Subscription Administrator and Directory Administrator.

To know about the differences between Subscription Administrator and Directory Administrator, refer to the following table.

SUBSCRIPTION ADMINISTRATORDIRECTORY ADMINISTRATOR
For Azure sign-up, we need a subscription administrator. A Microsoft account or the work account can be used.Various admin sets are present here that manage certain features of the directory.
It is an Azure portal management service.They have access to completely different portals.
Co-admins can be added so that access can be provided to others with the same subscription.Designing and assignation of administrator roles to others is done by the Directory Administrator.                 

33. Explain Azure service fabric.

A Distributed Systems platform that is used for package, scalable, and deployment management is known as Azure service fabric. Also, it is used for the development and management of applications of the Cloud.

Sometimes difficult infrastructure problems are neglected by the developers and they just focus on critical implementation. Azure service fabric ensures that such things are taken care of and such negligence does not happen.

34. Why Azure pipelines, continuous integration, and continuous development are used together?

Using Azure pipelines, continuous integration, and continuous development together ensures a better code quality. This combination is the simplest, the quickest, and the most secure way to automate of process. Not only this, this trio helps to build projects, development integration, GitHub integration, and much more.

35. Why do we use the Azure active directory?

An active directory in Azure is used for managing accesses, that is, when, how, to whom and to what extent access can be granted. This directory becomes important because it is necessary to keep track of the activities going on during the process of application development.

For example, in a firm, particular service and product access are granted to employees of that firm. The best examples of it are Twitter and Salesforce.

36. In case you fail maximum attempts of authentication in Azure, what will happen?

If in case any user fails maximum attempts of authentication, there is no need to worry, Azure provides more advanced strategies for Account lock so that if such a situation arises, users don’t have to lose hold of their account. These advanced strategies include accessing IP addresses, requesting passwords, and two-step authentication.

37. What do you know about DevOps Toolchain?

DevOps Toolchain contains the list of tools that are crucial to completing all the critical phases of DevOps from Planning to monitoring. Essential operations such as deployment, testing, etc. are automated using the tools present in DevOps Toolchain. When tasks are simple, they can be done manually but automation is needed as the number of tasks and their complexity increases.

38. Describe Azure Redis cache.

Azure Redis cache is similar to the famous open-source Redis cache. It is an open-source database that works well with cache and database and provides secured access for Azure applications. Also, it maintains the proper structure of data like hashes, sets, etc.

Frequently Asked Questions

How do I prepare for an Azure DevOps interview?

When you prepare for an Azure DevOps interview, it requires good technical knowledge, hands-on experience, and familiarity with Azure DevOps tools and practices. You can start preparing by understanding the basic concepts of Azure DevOps. Then you can check out the Azure DevOps tools. Then you start practicing these tools. You should also try to build several projects to showcase your knowledge. 

What language is used in Azure DevOps?

Azure DevOps is used in programming languages, including JavaScript, C#, PowerShell, and Python, and more.

What is the other name of Azure DevOps?

The other name for Azure DevOps is Visual Studio Team Services.

Name some of the tools for continuous monitoring.

Following are some of the tools used for continuous monitoring.

  • Spiceworks
  • Solarwinds
  • Tenable
  • Paessler PRTG
  • Cisco Identify Services Engine

What are the key components of Azure DevOps?

Azure DevOps is a set of development tools and services. It is provided by Microsoft that facilitates the end-to-end software development lifecycle. The key components of Azure DevOps are Azure Boards, Azure Repos, Azure Pipelines, Azure Test Plans, etc.

Conclusion

We hope that you have gained some insights on Azure DevOps interview questions and answers through this article. We hope that this will help you excel in your interviews and enhance your knowledge regarding Azure DevOps Interview Questions and related stuff. These Interview Questions and answers are suitable for freshers as well as experienced candidates.

This set of Azure DevOps interview questions will not only help you in interviews but also would increase your understanding regarding the hr interviews.

Here are some of the interview questions on some of the famous topics:

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