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Table of contents
1.
Introduction
2.
What is C?
3.
What is C++?
3.1.
C vs C++
3.2.
Advantages of C over C++ in C vs C++
3.3.
Advantages of C++ over C in C vs C++
4.
Difference Between C and C++
5.
Frequently Asked Questions
6.
Conclusion
Last Updated: Mar 27, 2024

Difference Between C and C++

Author Saksham Gupta
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Introduction

C is designed and developed by Dennis Ritchie in a company-Bell Labs in the year 1972 for the UNIX operating system. The recent and stable release of the C programming language is made in the year 2011, December.

Difference between c and C++ image

C++ is designed and developed by Bjarne Stroustrup in the year 1985. Initially, C++ was called by the name “C with Classes” and later it is renamed to C++ in the year 1983. The symbol ++ indicates that an increment operator in C symbolically represents an advanced version of C. The main basis of C++ is, it allows both hardware access and abstraction and it carries effectively and that makes C++ stand and differentiate from other programming languages.

What is C?

C is a machine-independent structural or procedural-oriented computer language that is widely utilized in a variety of applications. C is a fundamental programming language that can be used to create everything from operating systems (such as Windows) to complicated applications such as the Oracle database, Git, Python interpreter, and many more. Because it serves as the foundation for other programming languages, the C programming language has been dubbed "God's programming language." We can simply learn other programming languages if we know the C language. Dennis Ritchie, a famous computer scientist, created the C language at Bell Laboratories. It has certain additional characteristics that distinguish it from other programming languages.

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What is C++?

C++ is a general-purpose programming language created by Bjarne Stroustrup at Bell Labs in the early 1980s. C++ is quite similar to C, and it is so compatible with C that it can run 99 percent of C programs without changing any source code. However, because C++ is an object-oriented programming language, it is a safer and more well-structured programming language than C. But who wins when it comes to C vs C++?

Now let's talk about C vs C++?

                                                                    source

C vs C++

  • C is a procedural language, whereas C++ is an object-oriented language.
  • C only supports pointers, but C++ provides pointers and references.
  • Function overloading is not permitted in C, although it is permitted in C++.
  • C has built-in data types, but C++ has both built-in and user-defined data types.
  • C is a top-down programming language, whereas C++ is a bottom-up programming language.
  • In C, scan and printf are used for standard input and output, whereas in C++, we use cin and cout are used for input and output.

For other differences, you can refer to this blog

Advantages of C over C++ in C vs C++

  1. C is simpler to read.
  2. In C, there is no operator overloading, and very little is going on behind the hood.
  3. In comparison to C++, C is friendlier to powerful command-line debuggers such as gdb and dbx.
  4. C requires relatively little runtime support.
  5. Because virtual method table lookups are not required in C, it is more efficient than C++.
  6. C is by far the most widely used programming language in several sectors, most notably kernel programming and device driver development.

Advantages of C++ over C in C vs C++

  1. C++ is a highly portable programming language that is frequently used for multi-device, multi-platform app development.
  2. C++ is an object-oriented programming language that supports classes, inheritance, polymorphism, data abstraction, and encapsulation.
  3. C++ has a large function library.
  4. C++ allows for exception handling and function overloading, while C does not.

Now let's summarize C vs C++.

Difference Between C and C++

C

C++

Procedural style programming Procedural and object-oriented.
Top-Down approach. Bottom-Up approach.
Does not support function overloading Supports function overloading
Operator overloading is not possible  Operator overloading is possible
It is divided into procedures and modules; It is divided into functions and classes.
scanf() and printf() are used for input and output cin and cout are mainly used for input/output.
Supports inheritance. Does not support inheritance.
Exception handling is not easy to implement in C Try and catch is used for exception handling.
It does not support reference variables. Reference variables are supported in C++.
Functions cannot be used in a structure. Functions can be used in a structure.
Virtual and friendly functions are not supported. Virtual and friendly functions are supported.
Structures do not support access modifiers. Structures support access modifiers in C++.

(Table showing C vs C++)

Also check out this article - Pair in C++ and Short int in C Programming

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. Which language is better in C vs C++?
    C++ is a superior language to C, with more functions that use OOP ideas. So, certainly, C++ is superior to C in the development of some complex projects. Thus we can say that in terms of speed C wins in C vs C++ whereas in terms of complex projects C++ wins in C vs C++.
     
  2. What is there that is present in C++ and not in C?
    The significant distinction between C and C++ is that C++ is an item-oriented language that provides blessed built-in integration of record protection, scalability, improved overall performance, rich built-in functions, and a lot more.
     
  3. What is C?
    C is a fundamental programming language that can be used to create everything from operating systems (such as Windows) to complicated applications such as the Oracle database, Git, Python interpreter, and many more.
     
  4. What is C++?
    C++ is a general-purpose programming language created by Bjarne Stroustrup at Bell Labs in the early 1980s. C++ is quite similar to C, and it is so compatible with C that it can run 99 percent of C programs without changing any source code. However, if we talk about C vs C++, because C++ is an object-oriented programming language, it is a safer and more well-structured programming language than C and thus wins the race of C vs C++.
     
  5. What else is present in Coding Ninjas Studio?
    Code studio contains all kinds of practice problems along with interview problems and interview experiences. It also has sheets of various YouTubers such as Striver and Love Babbar.

Conclusion

In this article, we have extensively discussed the differences between C and C++We hope that this blog has helped you enhance your knowledge of C as well as C++, and if you would like to learn more, check out our articles on Library

Recommended Readings:

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