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Before going onto the topic, let us know what programming language is. A programming language is a set of rules for converting texts, or graphical programme elements in the case of visual programming languages, to machine code. Programming languages are a type of computer language that is used to implement algorithms in computer programming. Thousands of programming languages have been developed, with more being developed each year. Many programming languages are written in an imperative form (that is, as a list of operations to complete), but others are written in the declarative form (i.e., the desired result is specified, not how to achieve it).

In this article, we will discuss two major programming languages, i.e., C and C#.

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C language

Dennis Ritchie created the C programming language for constructing system applications that interact directly with hardware components such as drivers, kernels, and so on. C programming is known as the mother language because it serves as a foundation for other programming languages.

C language can be defined in the following ways:

  • Mother Langauge: C language is regarded as the mother language of all current programming languages because most compilers, JVMs, Kernels, and so on are written in C language, and most programming languages, such as C++, Java, C#, and so on, follow C syntax.
  • System programming language: To construct system software, a system programming language is used. C is a system programming language because it can perform low-level programming (for example, driver and kernel). It is commonly used to construct hardware devices, operating systems, drivers, kernels, and so on. The Linux kernel, for example, is written in C. It cannot be used for internet programming such as Java,.Net, PHP, and so on.
  • Procedure-oriented programming language: A procedure is sometimes referred to as a function, routine, method, subroutine, and so on. A procedural language specifies a set of steps for the software to follow in order to solve an issue. A procedural language divides a programme into functions, data structures, and so on.
  • Mid-level programming language: Structured programming languages are subsets of procedural programming languages. Structure refers to dividing a programme into portions or blocks so that it may be easily understood. In the C programming language, we divide the programme into sections by utilizing functions. It simplifies the program's understanding and modification.
  • Structured programming language: C is classified as a middle-level language since it supports both low-level and high-level features. The C language programme is transformed into assembly code, which enables low-level pointer arithmetic but is hardware agnostic (a feature of high-level).
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C# language

C# (C-Sharp) is a Microsoft programming language that runs on the.NET Framework. C# is used to create web applications, desktop applications, mobile applications, games, and much more. C# (pronounced "See Sharp") is a type-safe, object-oriented programming language. C# allows developers to create a wide range of safe and robust.NET applications. C# is based on the C programming language family and will be immediately familiar to  Java, C, C++, and JavaScript programmers.

C# is a computer language that is object-oriented and component-oriented. C# includes language elements that explicitly support these principles, making it a natural language for creating and deploying software components. C# has evolved to handle new workloads and develop software design principles since its inception. C# is an object-oriented programming language at its heart. Types and their behavior are defined by you.

Differences between C and C#

Frequently Asked Questions

Why is the C language used?

C is a highly portable programming language that is used for scripting system applications that are a major component of the Windows, UNIX, and Linux operating systems. C is a general-purpose programming language that may be used to create enterprise programmes, games, graphics, and applications that require calculations, among other things.

What are datatypes in C?

The C programming language supports four basic arithmetic type specifiers: char, int, float, and double, as well as the modifiers signed, unsigned, short, and long.

What are the types of classes in C#?

Types of classes in C#

  • partial class
  • private class
  • public class
  • sealed class
  • static class

What is the advantage of using C#?

C# is an easy to read and understand statically typed language, making it easier to spot faults in code (yours or another developer's) and understand the code you are reading. It also makes code writing easier in general, as reusable code is a key element of C#.


In this article, we have discussed about the two major programming languages, i.e., C and C#. Also, we have seen the major differences between the two languages.

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Topics covered
C language
C# language
Differences between C and C#
Frequently Asked Questions
Why is the C language used?
What are datatypes in C?
What are the types of classes in C#?
What is the advantage of using C#?