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Table of contents
Cloud Computing Architecture
Front End 
Back End
Cloud-Based Delivery
Advantages of Cloud Computing Architecture
Key Takeaways
Last Updated: Mar 27, 2024

Cloud Computing Architecture

Author Divyansh Jain
Master Python: Predicting weather forecasts
Ashwin Goyal
Product Manager @


Clouds are widely available, and they have an impact on our daily lives! Emails, social networking, retail apps, and financial transactions all rely on the cloud in some form.
Cloud Computing refers to the supply of computing services over a network, most commonly the Internet, by relocating computing or processing from physical computing assets, such as servers and data centers to cyberspace.

Cloud Computing Architecture

Cloud computing refers to the ability to access computer resources on demand. Cloud computing, in its most basic form, is the concept of storing, managing and routing data through a network of remote servers connected to the Internet. Cloud computing is the delivery of any computing service over the Internet. Storage, server, database, software, networking, intelligence, and analytics are examples of cloud computing services. When we talk about on-demand accessibility, we're referring to the concept of just paying for the services you use.

Image of front end and backend spaces. 

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Front End 

Everything with which the end-user interacts is part of the front-end infrastructure. The user interface is the result of the larger integration of numerous sub-components. It's also a crucial component of the end-connection users to the cloud computing infrastructure. Local networks, web browsers, and web applications are all part of the front-end cloud infrastructure.

The following are the primary front-end cloud components:

User Interface: The user interface encompasses everything a user needs to send requests or complete any job on the Cloud. Google Docs, Gmail, and other cloud-based user interfaces are some of the most popular applications. 

Software: The software that runs on the user's end is the front-end software architecture. Client-side apps or browsers make up the majority of frontend software architecture.

Client Device or Network: Client Device or Network refers to the hardware on the user side and is an imperative aspect of the frontend architecture. Any type of input device or computer can be used. In cloud computing, the client-side device does not need to be particularly powerful to handle a large amount of data. The cloud is capable of handling the entire heavy load and processing it.

Source: Reader’s Cave

Back End

The cloud employed by the service provider is referred to as the backend. It maintains the resources and provides security procedures in addition to containing them. It also incorporates large amounts of storage, virtual applications, virtual machines, traffic management systems, and deployment methodologies, among other things. Let’s go through each component in Backend: 

  1. Application –In the backend, an application is a piece of software or a platform that a client can use. That is, it delivers the service at the backend in accordance with the client's needs.
  2. Service –Backend services relate to the three main categories of cloud-based services: SaaS, PaaS, and IaaS. It also controls which services the user has access to.
  3. Cloud Runtime –Cloud Runtime in backend refers to provide of execution and runtime platform/environment to the virtual machine.
  4. Storage –Storage in the backend refers to providing flexible and scalable storage service and management of stored data.
  5. Infrastructure –Cloud Infrastructure in the backend refers to hardware and software components of cloud-like it includes servers, storage, network devices, virtualization software, etc.
  6. Management –Management in backend refers to the management of backend components like application, service, runtime cloud, storage, infrastructure, and other security mechanisms, etc.
  7. Security –Backend security refers to the installation of various security techniques in the backend in order to provide secure cloud resources, systems, data, and infrastructure to end-users.
  8. Internet –The internet connection serves as a conduit or a bridge between the frontend and the backend, allowing for interaction and communication.

Cloud-Based Delivery

In layman's terms, cloud-based delivery refers to anything we provide to end-users via software, infrastructure, and platforms from the cloud. The following models can be used to supply cloud computing services:

Software as a Service (SaaS): Cloud computing services are available as licensed software or as a subscription. End-users are not required to purchase or install any hardware at their sites under this delivery model.

Platform as a Service (PaaS): This paradigm provides a platform for end-users to design, run, and administer cloud-based applications. A third-party service provider provides hardware and software tools in PaaS.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS): This approach provides computer hardware as a service, such as networking technology, servers, storage, and data center space. It also entails the provision of virtualization software and an operating system.

Advantages of Cloud Computing Architecture

  • It simplifies the overall cloud computing infrastructure.
  • Reduces the amount of data processing required.
  • Assists in the provision of strong security.
  • It becomes more modularized.
  • As a result, catastrophe recovery is improved.
  • Provides easy access to users.
  • Reduces the cost of IT operations.


  1. What type of architecture is cloud computing?
    Cloud computing architecture combines SOA (Service Oriented Architecture) with EDA (Enterprise Data Architecture) (Event-Driven Architecture). Cloud computing architecture includes client infrastructure, application, service, runtime, storage, infrastructure, management, and security.
  2. How does cloud architecture relate to cloud mechanisms?
    The term "cloud computing architecture" refers to a collection of systems and technologies that, when combined, provide an IT infrastructure that abstracts, pools, and shares on-demand resources across a network (the "cloud" section of the system with data storage, dedicated servers, OSes, security measures, etc.).
  3. How does cloud architecture overcome the difficulties faced by traditional architecture?
    It is impossible to dynamically associate a machine with the expanding need for infrastructure and services in traditional architecture. Cloud architecture has scalable qualities that allow it to satisfy high infrastructure demand and provide users with on-demand access.
  4. What are the benefits of cloud computing architecture?
    It enables enterprises to scale up and down their cloud resources with ease. It has a feature that allows businesses to be more flexible, giving them a competitive advantage. It improves catastrophe recovery and provides a high level of security. Its services are updated automatically.
  5. Why is a cloud architecture diagram used?
    Cloud Architecture Diagrams are used to visually record the enterprise cloud computing services provided by a company.

Key Takeaways

To summarize the article, we have talked about cloud architecture in detail. And, we also discussed the front-end and back-end communed to the cloud. And, we also discussed various doubts regarding the domain. So now we have gained so much, you are good to go✌️.

Recommended Reading: 

Spring Boot Architecture

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