Code360 powered by Coding Ninjas X Naukri.com. Code360 powered by Coding Ninjas X Naukri.com
Table of contents
1.
Introduction
2.
What is Clustered Operating System?
3.
Types of Clustered in Operating System
3.1.
Examples of Clustered Operating Systems
4.
Types of Clustered Operating Systems
4.1.
Asymmetric Clustering System
4.2.
Symmetric Clustering System
4.3.
Parallel Cluster System
5.
Classification of Clusters
5.1.
Fail Over Clusters
5.2.
High Availability Clusters
5.3.
Load-Balancing Cluster
6.
Advantages of Clustered Operating System
7.
Disadvantages of Clustered Operating System
8.
Frequently Asked Questions
8.1.
Where are clustered systems used?
8.2.
What is the difference between distributed and clustered operating systems?
8.3.
What's the Purpose of Cluster Systems?
8.4.
How Distributed and Clustered OS Differ?   
8.5.
What are clustered units?
9.
Conclusion
Last Updated: Mar 28, 2024
Easy

Clustered Operating System

Master Power BI using Netflix Data
Speaker
Ashwin Goyal
Product @
18 Jun, 2024 @ 01:30 PM

Introduction

A Clustered Operating System is an intelligent way of connecting many computers to work together as a team. They share storage and work together to do tasks quickly. It's like having a supercomputer that can do big things faster. This makes computing better and faster for all kinds of jobs.

Clustered Operating System

This article contains the clustered operating system, its examples, and its types. We will also discuss the advantages & disadvantages of Clustered OS.

What is Clustered Operating System?

The combination of software and hardware clusters is known as a Clustered Operating System. Software clusters improve the environment in which all systems can operate. On the other hand, hardware clusters assist in sharing high-performance disks among all computers. Each node in a cluster system has its own cluster software. Every node has this software installed, tracking the cluster's performance. The other nodes attempt to restart a failing node by utilizing its storage and resources.

What is Clustered Operating System?

The components of the cluster are connected through fast networks, and each node uses its own operating system. Each node's hardware and operating system are typically the same, but in some circumstances, different hardware or operating systems may be used. Most cluster systems are used in scientific computing, weather forecasting, and supercomputing systems.

Get the tech career you deserve, faster!
Connect with our expert counsellors to understand how to hack your way to success
User rating 4.7/5
1:1 doubt support
95% placement record
Akash Pal
Senior Software Engineer
326% Hike After Job Bootcamp
Himanshu Gusain
Programmer Analyst
32 LPA After Job Bootcamp
After Job
Bootcamp

Types of Clustered in Operating System

Two types of clusters are available to create a more efficient system:

  • Software Cluster: The Software Cluster enables all the computer systems to work together as a unified unit. It provides a better environment for coordination and collaboration among the systems.
     
  • Hardware Cluster: The Hardware Cluster facilitates sharing of high-performance disks among the computer systems. This allows the systems to access and utilize the resources efficiently.

Examples of Clustered Operating Systems

There are following examples which are as follows:

  • Weather Forecast
    Clustered operating systems are often used in weather forecasting to process vast amounts of data and perform complex calculations for accurate weather predictions.
     
  • Animated Movies
    Clustered operating systems are utilized to render and produce high-quality animated movies. The distributed processing power of clusters helps speed up the rendering process.
     
  • Supercomputing System
    Supercomputers often use clustered operating systems to achieve high-performance computing capabilities. Clusters enable parallel processing and enhance computational power for scientific simulations, research, and data analysis.
     
  • Load Balancing
    Clusters are employed in load-balancing scenarios, where multiple servers work together to distribute network traffic efficiently and ensure optimal resource utilization.
     
  • Scientific Computing
    Clustered operating systems play a crucial role in scientific computing applications, such as simulations, modeling, and data-intensive research, requiring immense computational power.
    Must read, Advantages of Operating System

Types of Clustered Operating Systems

There are 3 main types of clustered operating systems:\

Types of Clustered Operating Systems

Asymmetric Clustering System

Out of every node in the asymmetric cluster system, one node is in hot standby mode while the other nodes run the critical applications. The cluster system includes a completely fail-safe hot standby mode. The node keeps track of all server operations; in the event that something goes wrong, the hot standby node takes over.

Symmetric Clustering System

This system's applications are run by multiple nodes and simultaneously monitor each node. This cluster system is more trustworthy than asymmetric cluster systems because it makes full use of the hardware resources.

Parallel Cluster System

A parallel cluster system allows Multiple users to access similar data on a shared storage system. A unique software version and other applications were used to create this system.

Classification of Clusters

Computer clusters are managed to support a range of needs, from general business requirements like web service support to computation-intensive scientific calculations. Clusters are categorized in a variety of ways. These are a few of them:

Fail Over Clusters

Switching over all applications and data resources from a failing system to an otherwise functioning system in the cluster is called "fail-over.". This cluster system is used for mail, file, and other application servers, as and databases for more important circumstances.

High Availability Clusters

These clusters are also called "HA Clusters." They work to make sure the cluster system is always available. They have extra nodes that can step in if any part of the cluster stops working. This way, if something breaks, the cluster still keeps going smoothly. This kind of cluster gets rid of one weak point that could cause problems.

Load-Balancing Cluster

The cluster should be good at distributing the workload evenly among all the computers in the system. In this kind of cluster, every computer can share its work with the others to make everything run better. For instance, in a web-based cluster, different computers can handle different web requests, which makes the system work faster. Some cluster systems use a round-robin method to handle requests.

Advantages of Clustered Operating System

The following are the advantages of the clustered operating system:

  • Multiple computers work together as a parallel unit, enhancing the system's performance.
     
  • If one node fails, the system continues to function without interruption.
     
  • Easily add new nodes to the cluster as needed.
     
  • Overload can be managed by shifting tasks from one server to another without stopping the system.
     
  • Configuring and using clustered systems is straightforward and dependable.
     
  • The system recovers from failures automatically without needing user intervention.
     
  • Resources like processing power and storage are effectively shared among nodes.

Disadvantages of Clustered Operating System

The following are the disadvantages of the clustered operating system:

  • The hardware and infrastructure needed for clustering can be costly, including the additional nodes, networking equipment, and redundancy mechanisms.
     
  • Managing and maintaining a clustered system requires specialized skills and ongoing attention to ensure all nodes work correctly.
     
  • Not all software applications are designed to work optimally in a clustered environment, leading to potential compatibility issues.
     
  • While clustered systems are designed for high availability, if the central management node or specific components fail, it can disrupt the entire cluster.
     
  • The more nodes in the cluster, the more complex the communication and coordination.
     
  • While clustered systems can scale well, there might be practical limits to how many nodes can be added before diminishing returns set in.

Recommended Topic, mv command in linux

Frequently Asked Questions

Where are clustered systems used?

Clustered systems are used in high-performance computing, web servers, database servers, and failover systems to improve reliability, scalability, and performance.

What is the difference between distributed and clustered operating systems?

Distributed operating systems manage resources across multiple independent computers, while clustered operating systems group multiple computers to work as a single system, improving performance and reliability.

What's the Purpose of Cluster Systems?

The purpose of cluster systems is to enhance system performance and availability by combining multiple computers or nodes into a unified unit. Cluster systems enable load balancing, parallel processing, and fault tolerance, resulting in improved resource utilization, better responsiveness, and uninterrupted operation for critical applications and services.

How Distributed and Clustered OS Differ?   

Distributed systems involve multiple independent computers connected via a network, each with distinct roles, often used for diverse tasks. Clustered systems, managed by a single entity, unite several nodes closely, often with shared resources, focusing on high availability, performance, and fault tolerance.

What are clustered units?

Clustered units refer to individual computers or nodes within a cluster system. These units collaborate closely to perform tasks and achieve specific objectives collectively. 

Conclusion

Clustered operating systems enhance system performance, availability, and fault tolerance. Uniting multiple nodes to work harmoniously enables efficient load balancing, parallel processing, and resource sharing. 

Also read - File management in operating system

You can also consider our Operating System Course to give your career an edge over others.

Happy Learning!!

Live masterclass