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Last updated: Mar 14, 2022

Computer Organization and Architecture

On our system, we have used programming languages, browsers, various software, and many other things, but what happens behind all of this is still unknown. The amount of processing and various operations that must be performed in order to complete all tasks is enormous. This section of Computer Organization and Architecture will teach you everything you need to know.
Stack Smashing Detected MEDIUM
In this article, we are going to discuss the stack smashing detected error. We will also see how to fix stack smashing detected problem.

Introduction

Beginning with the most fundamental, how computers came into existence, the first computers built, and their evolution over time. In this section, you'll also learn about computer architecture units and machine language.
Evolution of Computer EASY
Evolution of Computer 1. First-generation 2. Second generation 3. Third generation 4. Fourth generation Introduction
Difference Between Computer Organization and Architecture MEDIUM
Explore the fundamentals and differences between computer organization and architecture. Learn how computers function at their core with comprehensive resources.
Major Features of Computer EASY
In this blog, we will learn about the features of computer along with some frequently asked questions on the same.
8085 Microprocessor Architecture MEDIUM
In this article, we will learn about the 8085 Microprocessor Architecture. We will also discuss the working and application of the 8085 Microprocessor.
Addressing Modes of 8086 MEDIUM
Addressing modes are a technique of describing how an instruction will operate data. For instructions that induce a program branch, this addressing method is necessary.
Classification of computers
In this article, we will be discussing the classification of computers. We will look into detail for each of the categories in the classification of computers.
Units of Digital System
In this article, we will learn about the functional units of a digital system.
Machine Language and Assembly Language
The article discusses machine language, assembly language, and the differences between the two. It also discusses the basic working of the assembler.
Amdahl's Law in Computer Architecture MEDIUM
This blog will help you to clear your understanding of Amdahl's Law in Computer Architecture and its formula as well as its derivation.
What is Booth's Algorithm in Computer Architecture? EASY
In this article we will learn what is booth multiplication algorithm and its working in Computer architechture.
Introduction to Division Algorithm in Computer Architecture MEDIUM
The restoring division algorithm is a method used for binary division in computer architecture. It involves repeatedly subtracting the divisor from the dividend and restoring the partial remainder if the result is negative.
Difference Between SRAM and DRAM EASY
You will find a thorough explanation of the concepts of SRAM and DRAM in this article, along with information on how they differ and are used.

Digital Logic Circuits

We've been learning about logic gates, which perform simple operations like addition, inversion, subtraction, multiplying, and dividing; these are the building blocks for any circuit, particularly computer architectures. In this section, we will learn about its implementation, various GATES, their combinations, and the circuits that can be built with them.
Logic Gates
In this article, we will discuss different types of Logic Gates.
Difference between JFET and MOSFET
In this blog, we will learn about JFET and MOSFET transistors and then we will move on to look at the difference between JFET and MOSFET.
Encoder in Digital Electronics
Encoder in digital electronics is a combinational circuit that converts multiple input signals into a coded output, typically in binary form. It plays a crucial role in data transmission and processing
Decoder in Digital Electronics EASY
Decoder in Digital Electronics helps to convert binary code into a set of signals. Read on to learn more about Decoder in Digital Electronics, its types, advantages and disadvantages
Difference Between Latch and Flip Flop EASY
This article provides an overview of the differences between two types of digital circuits, latches and flip-flops, and explains their use in digital systems.
XOR Gate MEDIUM
In this blog, we will learn about XOR Gate. We will understand its symbol, truth table, and much more for better understanding.
What is Flip Flop? MEDIUM
In this blog, we will learn about What is Flip Flop. We will learn about truth tables, symbols and much more for better understanding.
Half Adder in Digital Logic
This article will cover Half Adder in Digital Logic, it’s operation, truth table, k-maps and frequently asked questions of half adder in digital logic.
Author Shiva
0 upvotes
Carry Look Ahead Adder EASY
In this blog, we will learn about What is Carry Look Ahead Adder. We will learn about truth tables, symbols and much more for better understanding.
Universal Gates EASY
In this blog, we will learn about Universal Gates. We will learn about truth tables, symbols, and much more for better understanding.
NAND Gate EASY
In this blog, we will learn about NAND Date. We will learn about truth tables, symbols and much more for better understanding.
Full Adder in Digital Logic MEDIUM
In this blog, we will learn about What is Full Adder in Digital Logic. We will learn about truth tables, symbols and much more for better understanding.
Combinational and Sequential Circuits EASY
In this blog, we will learn about Combinational and Sequential Circuits. We will understand its core concepts, its usage, and much more for better understanding.
Full Adder Circuit MEDIUM
In this blog, we will learn about Full Adder Circuit. We will understand its core concepts, its usage, and much more for better understanding.
Half Subtractor EASY
In this blog, we will learn about Half Subtractor. We will learn about truth tables, symbols, and much more for better understanding.
Johnson Counter EASY
In this blog, we will learn about Johnson Counter. We will understand its core concepts, its usage, and much more for better understanding.
OR Gate EASY
In this blog, we will learn about OR Gate. We will learn about truth tables, symbols, and much more for better understanding.
Boolean Algebra
This blog will discuss Boolean Algebra-Function and its complement, Truth Table, Logic Diagram, Expressions, and Laws.
Ring Counter EASY
In this blog, we will learn about Ring Counter. We will understand its core concepts, its usage, and much more for better understanding.
Application of Decoder
In this article, we will cover the meaning of decoder and its applications.
XNOR Gate EASY
In this blog, we will learn about XNOR Gate. We will learn about truth tables, symbols and much more for better understanding.
Difference between Programmable Logic Array and Programming Array Logic
In this blog, we will discuss the difference between pla and pal thus concluding which one would be a better choice for your project.
Map and Map Simplification
This blog explains the Karnaugh map (K-map) Boolean algebraic simplification approach. It also consists of a brief discussion of the advantages and drawbacks of K-maps.
Binary Coded Decimal (BCD) Addition MEDIUM
In this article, we will learn about Binary Coded Decimal Addition. We will dive deeper into the approach of BCD and its implementation in C++, Python, and Java.
Difference between Multiplexer and Demultiplexer EASY
Multiplexers and demultiplexers are combinational circuits. Multiplexers select an input from several inputs and then transmit it as a single line.
Difference Between TDM and FDM
TDM (Time Division Multiplexing) works with both analog as well as digital signals whereas FDM (Frequency Division Multiplexing) only works with analog signals.

Digital Components

It is natural to come across various digital components while learning about computer architecture and its organization. These components are constructed using a variety of logical circuits and chipsets. These components carry out specific tasks such as memory storage, multiplying or dividing lines, and much more. This section will go over components such as encoders, decoders, multiplexers, RAM, and ROM.
Decoders
This article discusses an overview of a decoder, its types, truth table, the boolean functions using different types of gates and applications.
Author Spider
0 upvotes
Encoders
This article discusses an overview of an encoder and their types and their truth table, the boolean functions using different types of gates and their advantages and disadvantages.
Sampling Theorem MEDIUM
The sampling theorem sets a minimum sampling rate at which the continuous-time signals are sampled uniformly so that the original signal is reconstructed.
Author Nitika
0 upvotes
Seven Segment Display EASY
A seven segment display is an LED(light emitting diode) based display that can be used to show numbers or alphabets.
Multiplexers (MUX)
In this blog, we will learn about multiplexers and the types of multiplexers, along with their boolean expression and logic circuit.
What is Demultiplexer (DEMUX)? EASY
The objective of this article is to teach you what a Demultiplexer is and what several standard Demux configurations are there, along with the corresponding truth table and logic circuits.
Registers
his blog will learn about Registers and their different types.
Application of Multiplexer EASY
In this blog, we will learn about application of multiplexer. We will learn about its core concepts, its usage, advantages and disadvantages, and much more for better.
RAM and ROM
In this article, we will learn about different types of RAM and ROM.
Difference between 8085 and 8086 Microprocessor EASY
The 8085 Microprocessor, created by Intel in 1976, preceded the 8086 Microprocessor. It utilized NMOS technology.
Author Nitika
0 upvotes
Difference Between EPROM and EEPROM
In this article, we will discuss the difference between EPROM and EEPROM. ROM stands for Read-Only Memory, EPROM, and EEPROM are types of ROM memory chips.
Difference Between Hard copy and Soft copy MEDIUM
A hard copy is a physical form of data, like printed documents or photos, while a soft copy is digital, stored on a computer or drive.

Data Representation and Computer Arithmetic

Let's take a look at computer arithmetic and representation, which includes a number system, symbols, and various defined representations. Learn about the various operations performed at the machine level, such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.
Different Number Systems and their Interconversion
This article discusses Number systems and their implementation. We talk about different types of number systems, their interconversion, and how they are meaningful in programming.
Complements
In this article, we will learn about complement and its types.
What is Checksum
This blog will discuss the topic of the Checksum, including the definition, working, sample example, and pros and cons.
Fixed and Floating-Point Representation
This blog will learn about Fixed and Floating-Point Representation.
Error Detection and Correction Code: Part 1
This blog covers the various error detection and correction code techniques in detail.
Error Detection and Correction Code: Part 2
This blog covers the various error detection and correction code techniques in detail.
Addition and Subtraction
In this article, we learned about the addition and subtraction of signed numbers. We have discussed two ways of addition and subtraction of signed numbers.
Multiplication and Division EASY
The article discusses multiplication and division arithmetic operations and their hardware implementations and flowcharts of algorithms.

Computer Organization and Design

Another important aspect of designing a system or processing unit is computer organization. It is critical to place and configure system components in such a way that they operate at peak efficiency while consuming the least amount of storage. Learn about instruction cycles, interrupts, and control units in this section.
What are Computer Registers in Computer Architecture? EASY
Computer registers are small storage areas inside the CPU. They hold data temporarily while the CPU processes instructions.
Difference between Hardwired and Microprogrammed Control Unit MEDIUM
This article will brief you on the topic of Control Unit, Hardwired and Microprogrammed Control in Computer Organization and Architecture.
Instruction Cycle in Computer Architecture MEDIUM
The instruction cycle is defined as the basic cycle in which a computer system fetches an instruction from memory, decodes it, and then executes it.
ATM in Computer Network EASY
In this blog, we will learn about ATM in Computer Network. We will understand its core concepts, its usage, and much more for better understanding.
Instruction Codes in Computer Architecture MEDIUM
Instruction codes are bits that instruct the computer to execute a specific operation. An instruction comprises groups called fields.
What is RAM? MEDIUM
In this blog, we will learn about What is RAM? We will understand its core concepts, its usage, and much more for better understanding.
Secondary Storage Devices EASY
In this blog, we will learn about Secondary Storage Devices. We will understand its core concepts, its usage, and much more for better understanding.
Instructions Types MEDIUM
This article will brief you on the topic of Instructions Types in Computer Organization and Architecture.
What is ROM? EASY
In this blog, we will learn about What is ROM. We will learn about the types, features, advantages, disadvantages and much more for better understanding.
Assembly Language EASY
In this blog, we will learn about Assembly Language. We will understand its core concepts, its usage, and much more for better understanding.
Primary Memory EASY
In this blog, we will learn about Primary Memory. We will understand its core concepts, its usage, and much more for better understanding.
What is a Server? MEDIUM
In this blog, we will learn about What is a Server. We will understand its core concepts, its usage, and much more for better understanding.
DHCP Dora Process EASY
In this blog, we will learn about DHCP Dora Process. We will understand its core concepts, its usage, and much more for better understandin
3rd Generation of Computer EASY
In this blog, we will learn about 3rd Generation of Computer. We will learn about its characteristics, features, and much more for better understanding.
Interrupt
This article aims to explain various Interrupts and their use in computer architecture and organisation.
Computer System MEDIUM
In this blog, we will learn about Computer Systems. We will understand its core concepts, its usage, and much more for better understanding.
First Generation of Computer MEDIUM
In this blog, we will learn about the First Generation of Computer. We will learn about its characteristics, features, and much more for better understanding.
DHCP in Computer Networks MEDIUM
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is a vital network protocol that enables automatic IP address assignment and other network configuration details to client devices on a network.
What is Middleware EASY
In this blog, we will learn about what is middleware. We will understand its core concepts and learn about its advantages and disadvantages and much more.
Design of Basic Computer MEDIUM
In this article, we will discuss the design of a basic computer.
Embedded Systems EASY
Embedded systems are specialised computing devices that perform specific tasks within larger electronic systems.
Fifth Generation of Computer EASY
In this article, we will discuss the 5th generation of computers that comprises advanced AI capabilities, parallel processing, advanced graphics, and other features.
Characteristics of Embedded System EASY
Embedded systems are the backbone of present-day technologies. In this blog we will discuss characteristics of embedded system in detail. Read on to learn more.
What Is a Motherboard? Definition, Types, Components, and Functions MEDIUM
A motherboard is the printed circuit board (PCB) for computers and expandable systems.
Difference Between Hardware and Software EASY
In this article, we will see Hardware and Software differences. We will also discuss Computer Hardware and Software and their examples.