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Table of contents
1.
Introduction
2.
How to wrap text in CSS?
2.1.
Syntax
2.2.
Values
2.3.
Example
2.4.
HTML
3.
Importance of Text Wrapping in Web Design
3.1.
Core Concepts of CSS Text Wrap
4.
Getting Started with CSS Text Wrap
4.1.
CSS Code
4.2.
Working with CSS Text Wrap
4.3.
Code Examples Demonstrating Advanced Text Wrapping Techniques
5.
Supported Browsers
6.
Frequently Asked Questions
6.1.
How do you wrap text in an element CSS?
6.2.
What does wrap do in CSS?
6.3.
How do you wrap a line in CSS?
6.4.
How to align text in CSS?
7.
Conclusion
Last Updated: Mar 27, 2024
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CSS Text Wrap

Author Pallavi singh
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Basics of Javascript
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Introduction

CSS Text Wrap refers to the practice of controlling how text flows around elements or simply within its containing element on a web page. It ensures that text remains within the bounds of its container, breaking into new lines as needed, thereby creating a readable and aesthetically pleasing layout.

CSS Text Wrap

In this blog, we will learn about CSS text wrap. We will dive deeper into the concepts of css text wrap with examples for better understanding. 

How to wrap text in CSS?

In CSS, you can wrap text using the properties like white-space, word-break, and word-wrap. Using these properties, we can decorate the text accordingly. 

Syntax

Here is the syntax for white-space property:

selector {
   white-space: value;
}

 

Here is the syntax for word-wrap property:

selector {
   word-wrap: value;
}

 

Here is the syntax for word-break property:

selector {
   word-break: value;
}

Values

Possible values for the white-space property are:

  • normal: Sequences of white space are collapsed. Newline characters and spaces are treated as a single space.
  • nowrap: Sequences of white space are collapsed. Text will never wrap to the next line.
  • pre: Sequences of white space are preserved. Lines are broken at newline characters and at <br> elements.
  • pre-line: Sequences of white space are collapsed. Lines are broken at newline characters and at <br> elements.
  • pre-wrap: Sequences of white space are preserved. Lines are broken at newline characters and at <br> elements.

 

Possible values for the word-wrap property are:

  • normal: Default value. Words will break only at allowed break points.
  • break-word: Allows unbreakable words to be broken and wrap onto the next line.
  • initial: Sets the property to its default value.
  • inherit: Inherits the property from its parent element.

 

Possible values for the word-break property are:

  • normal: Default value. Words break at allowed break points.
  • break-all: Lines may break between any two characters.
  • keep-all: Only allow breaks between East Asian wide characters.
  • initial: Sets the property to its default value.
  • inherit: Inherits the property from its parent element.

Example

  • HTML

HTML

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>Wrap text</title>
<style>
.wrap-example {
word-wrap: break-word;
word-break: break-all;
white-space: normal;
width: 200px;
border: 1px solid #ccc;
padding: 10px;
}
</style>
</head>
<body>
<h1>Wrap text example </h1>
<div class="wrap-example">
This is a long text that will demonstrate the effects of word-wrap, word-break, and white-space properties in CSS.
</div>
</body>
</html>

Output:

output
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Importance of Text Wrapping in Web Design

Text wrapping is pivotal in web design as it enhances readability and ensures a clean, organized layout, especially when dealing with varying screen sizes and devices. It's crucial for responsiveness, ensuring that text content is easily digestible regardless of the viewing platform.

Core Concepts of CSS Text Wrap

How CSS Text Wrap Works

CSS Text Wrap operates by utilizing specific CSS properties that control the breaking behavior of text lines, ensuring they fit within their designated containers without overflowing.

The Properties Involved:

  • word-wrap: This property allows long words to be broken and wrapped onto the next line.
     
  • word-break: Controls how words break when they reach the end of a line.
     
  • white-space: Dictates how white space inside an element is handled.

Getting Started with CSS Text Wrap

Basic Setup and Requirements

To begin with CSS Text Wrap, ensure you have a basic HTML structure in place. Then, you can start applying the CSS properties to control text wrapping.

Code Snippets Illustrating Basic Text Wrapping

Here's a simple example demonstrating the use of word-wrap property:

  • CSS Code

CSS Code

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
<title>Text Wrap Example</title>
<style>
 .container {
   width: 200px;
   border: 1px solid #000;
   word-wrap: break-word;
 }
</style>
</head>
<body>


<div class="container">
 Thisisareallylongwordthatneedstobebrokenapartsoitfitswithinthecontainer.
</div>


</body>
</html>

Output

Output

In this example, the word-wrap: break-word; style directive instructs the browser to break the long word into multiple lines to ensure it fits within the 200px width of the container.

Working with CSS Text Wrap

Implementing Text Wrap in Different Scenarios

Text wrapping is an essential facet of CSS that addresses text overflow issues in different scenarios. It ensures that the text is presented in a readable and aesthetically pleasing manner, making it crucial for creating responsive and user-friendly web designs. Whether it's handling long strings of text, formatting text around images, or managing text in responsive designs, CSS Text Wrap offers a range of properties to control text flow.

Code Examples Demonstrating Advanced Text Wrapping Techniques

Let’s explore more advanced text wrapping techniques using various CSS properties:

/* Example 1: Using word-break */

.break-word {
    word-break: break-all;
}

/* Example 2: Using word-wrap */

.wrap-word {
    word-wrap: break-word;
}

/* Example 3: Using white-space and overflow */

.no-wrap {
    white-space: nowrap;
    overflow: hidden;
    text-overflow: ellipsis;
}

<!-- Usage of .break-word class -->

<div class="break-word">Thisisalongwordthatwillbreakanywhere</div>

<!-- Usage of .wrap-word class -->

<div class="wrap-word">This is a long text that will break between words.</div>

<!-- Usage of .no-wrap class -->

<div class="no-wrap">This is a long text that will not wrap, but will show an ellipsis instead.</div>

In these examples, three different classes are created each employing a unique text wrapping technique. The .break-word class uses word-break property to break the text anywhere, the .wrap-word class utilizes word-wrap property to break between words, and the .no-wrap class employs a combination of white-space, overflow, and text-overflow properties to prevent text wrapping and display an ellipsis for overflowed text.

Supported Browsers

 

Frequently Asked Questions

How do you wrap text in an element CSS?

To wrap text in CSS, use the white-space property. Example: white-space: normal;

What does wrap do in CSS?

In CSS, the term "wrap" may refer to the white-space property with the value wrap. This property controls how white space inside an element is handled. When set to wrap, it allows the text to wrap onto the next line when it reaches the edge of the containing box.

How do you wrap a line in CSS?

Use the white-space property with a value like normal, pre, or pre-wrap to wrap a line in CSS.

How to align text in CSS?

To align text in CSS, use the text-align property. Example: text-align: center; for center alignment.

Conclusion

In this article, we delved into the essence of CSS Text Wrap, exploring its core concepts, working, comparisons with other text formatting techniques, and its real-world applications. We also navigated through the common issues one might encounter and the corresponding solutions, alongside a peek into what the future holds for CSS Text Wrap.

Text wrapping is a fundamental aspect of web design, crucial for readability and user engagement. It's an art that, when mastered, significantly elevates the user experience. We've armed you with the knowledge and code snippets to harness the power of CSS Text Wrap in your projects. Now, it's your turn to explore, experiment, and create captivating layouts with well-managed text wrapping. Your journey into the depths of CSS Text Wrap promises to be a rewarding venture, paving the way for intuitive, user-friendly web designs.

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