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Table of contents
1.
Introduction
2.
Cyber Security
3.
Cyber Crime
4.
Components of cyber security
4.1.
Data Security
4.2.
Network Security
4.2.1.
Employee education
4.2.2.
Backup and Restore plan
4.3.
Application Security
5.
Types of Cyber Crime
5.1.
Crime against an individual
5.2.
Crime against society
5.3.
Crime against Government
5.4.
Crimes against Property
6.
Securing the data
7.
FAQs
8.
Key Takeaways
Last Updated: Mar 27, 2024

Cyber Security and Cyber Crime

Author HET FADIA
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Ashwin Goyal
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Introduction

Cybercrime means using computers or the Internet to commit illegal fraud and other unauthorized activities. Cyber security means protecting our computers, phones, devices, servers, personal information, etc., from unauthorized users.

To brush up on your cyber security knowledge, you can read the article Cyber Security on Coding Ninjas Studio.

Cyber Security

Cyber security means protecting our computers, phones, devices, servers, personal information, etc., from unauthorized users. It is the process of safeguarding and defending information and other communication systems against unwanted access, modification, or exploitation.

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Cyber Crime

Cybercrime means using computers or the Internet to hack people's sensitive information, passwords, and OTPs.

Cybercriminals commit cybercrime against a single person, a group of people, an organization, or property.

Components of cyber security

The elements of Cyber security are:

  • Data Security
  • Network Security
  • Application Security

Let us look at each of the components in detail.

Data Security

An organization must secure its data which includes securing databases, plans, employee information, etc. A data leak may lead to reputational damage, loss of essential data, etc.

Network Security

Network security means securing the network against hackers, unauthorized access, damages, etc. The goal is to keep the network and data usable and reliable.

Network security can be achieved by

  • Employee education
  • Backup and Restore plan

Employee education

It is necessary for a company or an organization to train employees against cyber attacks. The employees also have some sensitive data about the company. They need to be trained to keep the data confidential.

Backup and Restore plan

If the data gets damaged or stolen, there must be a backup. The data can be backed up by storing it in drives, cloud storage, etc.

Also read - active and passive attacks

Application Security

The application and websites are the most important part of any company. Thus securing applications and websites is most important. A company or an organization must take precautions to safeguard the websites and applications.

Types of Cyber Crime

The different types of cybercrime are:

  • Crime against an Individual
  • Crime against Society
  • Crime against Government
  • Crime against Property

Let us have a look at each of the types of cybercrime in detail.

Crime against an individual

A cybercriminal targets an individual in this crime and carries out cybercrime against him. The cybercriminal may try to abuse the user, steal his password, hack the user’s system. There are several cases where a cybercriminal asks for OTPs and runs away with the user’s money.

Crime against society

The cyber activity that targets society is known as cyber against society. This cybercrime affects a large number of people in a community. Examples are the sale of illegal activity, trafficking, etc.

Crime against Government

Certain cybercrimes target specific governments. They intend to create terror among the government etc. This activity may be carried out by terrorists etc.

Crimes against Property

In cybercrime against property, the hackers hack people's bank details and use spyware to access OTPs, passwords, etc. Cybercriminals use unauthorized access to various applications, websites, sensitive information, etc.

Securing the data

An organisation can secure the data by

  • Creating backups and restore plans
  • Carrying out risk assessments
  • Making policies on security
  • Training employees
  • Preparing a disaster recovery plan
  • Making the websites and applications safe

FAQs

  1. What is cyber security?
    Cyber security means protecting our computers, phones, devices, servers, personal information, etc., from unauthorized users.
     
  2. What is cybercrime?
    Cybercrime means using computers or the Internet to hack people's sensitive information, passwords, and OTPs.
     
  3. What are the threats to cybersecurity?
    The threats to cybersecurity are phishing, malware, worms, data breach, viruses, spyware, ransomware, and many other threats.
     
  4. How do we secure data?
    We secure data by creating backups and restore plans, training employees, preparing a disaster recovery plan, making strong passwords and updating them regularly,  etc.
     
  5. What are the strategies to make the network more secure?
    Networking, coding, and engineering solutions are used to make networks more secure. 

Key Takeaways

In this article, we have extensively discussed cybersecurity and cybercrime and their components and types. It also discusses how to secure the data against fraud etc.

Cheers if you reached here!! 

We hope that this blog has helped you enhance your knowledge regarding cyber security and cybercrime and if you would like to learn more, check out related blogs and archives below:

Check out Coding Ninjas Studio to learn more about cyber security, computer networks, OOPs, DBMS, competitive programming, DSA, attempt mock tests, interview preparation, and much more.

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