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Table of contents
What is Data Mining?
Applications of Data Mining
Advantages of Data Mining
Limitations of Data Mining
What is Big Data?
Applications of Big Data
Advantages of Big Data
Limitations of Big Data
Data Mining vs Big Data
Frequently Asked Questions
What are some advantages of using data mining?
What are some of the difficulties with data mining?
What connections exist between data mining and big data?
Which differences exist between data mining and big data?
Last Updated: Mar 27, 2024

Data Mining vs Big Data

Author Nidhi Kumari
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Prerita Agarwal
Data Specialist @
23 Jul, 2024 @ 01:30 PM


Data mining is the process of finding patterns and trends in huge datasets that may be used in data analysis to help solve business challenges. Big data is defined as data that is of a different variety, arriving at a higher velocity and in larger volume. This is sometimes referred to as the three Vs(volume, velocity, and variety) of big data.

Data Mining vs Big Data

Although "data mining" and "big data" are sometimes used collectively, they have different meanings.  This article will cover the difference between data mining and big data. We will start our discussion by understanding data mining and big data.

What is Data Mining?

Data mining is a branch of computer science that applies techniques from the merging of database systems, machine learning, and statistics. The technique of removing knowledge from massive data sets is known as data mining. Data mining techniques are applied to large datasets to find patterns and trends in data and predict future actions.

Applications of Data Mining

Various sectors employ data mining, such as:

Healthcare: To find people at risk for disease, create innovative medicines, and enhance patient care using a large patient data set.

Retail: Data mining is used to analyse consumer behaviour, forecast future sales, and enhance marketing initiatives.

Finance: To spot fraud, manage risk, and forecast market trends, data mining is used.

Transportation: Data mining optimises traffic flow, estimates service demand, and enhances safety.

Advantages of Data Mining

Some of the advantages of data mining are as follows:

Enhanced productivity: Data mining can assist firms in enhancing their productivity by locating areas where expenses can be decreased, or productivity can be raised.

New possibilities: By spotting previously unnoticed trends and patterns, data mining can assist companies in finding new opportunities.

Better decision-making: By giving entities insights into their customers, operations, and markets, data mining can assist them in making improved business choices.

Limitations of Data Mining

Data privacy: When using data mining, businesses must exercise caution to safeguard the privacy of their clients because data mining analyses personal information, and privacy issues are raised.

Data volume: Data mining can analyse an ever-growing volume of data. Data processing, analysis, and storage may be challenging as a result.

Data quality: The success of data mining depends heavily on the data's quality. Incomplete or inaccurate data will compromise the reliability of the data mining results.

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What is Big Data?

Extensive and challenging databases that are difficult to process using typical data processing tools are called "big data." Volume, Velocity, and Variety are the three V's that define big data.

Volume: Terabyte- or petabyte-sized big data sets are frequently very enormous.

Velocity: Big data sets are frequently created in or very close to real-time, so they must be processed swiftly.

Variety: Big data sets may include organised, semi-structured, and unstructured data, among other data varieties.

Applications of Big Data

Different industries employ big data, including:

Business Analytics: Big Data allows firms to collect, store, and analyse data from various sources. They assist them in making data-driven decisions and gaining insightful information.

Social Media and Marketing: Big Data is used extensively by social media platforms to track user interactions, analyse content, and show users customised adverts based on their preferences and actions.

Scientific Research: To handle and analyse enormous amounts of data in areas like genetics, astronomy, climate modelling, and particle physics, researchers use big data. This accelerates scientific discoveries.

Transportation: Big Data is utilised in this sector to optimise routes, manage fleets, and estimate demand, which reduces costs and improves delivery services.

Advantages of Big Data

Some of the advantages of big data are as follows:

Excellent resource management: It might result in improved inventory control and less waste in the manufacturing industry. It allows for effective consumption optimisation and monitoring in the energy sector.

Data-driven decision-making: It is possible by big data analytics. Large data sets can be analysed to help businesses obtain important insights, spot patterns, and make decisions that increase their effectiveness and efficiency.

Real-Time Analytics: Big Data technologies enable data processing and analysis in real-time, enabling organisations to react quickly to shifting market circumstances and customer demands.

Innovation: Big Data encourages a culture of data-driven innovation, where businesses constantly look for ways to enhance their operations, goods, and services based on data insights.

Limitations of Big Data

Lack of Qualified Staff: Big Data analysis requires expertise in data science, machine learning, and other fields. The talent pool can often be insufficient to meet the need for skilled workers.

Demands for real-time processing: Some Big Data applications call for real-time or almost real-time processing, which increases complexity and needs a solid, scalable network.

Data Integration Challenges: Since Big Data can originate from several systems and formats, it can be difficult and time-consuming.

Costs of Data Storage and Processing: Many resources, such as dedicated hardware, software, and qualified staff, are needed to store and handle vast volumes of data.

Data Mining vs Big Data

The difference between data mining and big data are as follows:

Key Features Data Mining Big Data
Definition It is a method for data analysis. In place of an exact term, it is a concept.
Scope Data mining focuses on gaining valuable insights from pre-existing data in a dataset. Large datasets are just one aspect of big data, including the tools, technologies, and processes used to manage, process, and analyse such data.
View It is a detailed look at the information. It is the data's Big Picture.
Focus It focuses on particular data subsets to find patterns and insights within those subsets. It focuses on handling and analysing massive amounts of data from many sources.
Volume It can be used for small data or big data. It is always a large set of data.
Data types Database with relational, dimensional, and structured data. Data that is semi-structured, structured, and unstructured.
Analysis The main goals of statistical analysis are the small-scale prediction and discovery of business aspects. Data analysis primarily focuses on the large-scale prediction and discovery of business elements.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are some advantages of using data mining?

By spotting possible issues before they occur, data mining can help companies lower risk. Businesses may find new prospects with its assistance. Businesses can use it to find opportunities to increase their efficiency.

What are some of the difficulties with data mining?

It might be difficult to select the best data mining technique for a given task because so many different algorithms are accessible. It is crucial to take action to reduce bias in data mining algorithms because these algorithms can be biassed.

What connections exist between data mining and big data?

Large data sets are mined for knowledge using big data as well as data mining.  Data mining is a procedure used to draw knowledge from data sets, and the term "big data" refers to the scale of the data sets.

Which differences exist between data mining and big data?

Big data collections tend to be enormous. However, data mining can also be used for smaller data sets. While data mining is often applied to structured data, big data can comprise many different data kinds.


In this article, we extensively discussed data mining vs Big Data. We also covered the applications and limitations of data mining and Big Data.

We hope this article helps you. To read more about data mining, you can visit more articles.


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