Code360 powered by Coding Ninjas X Naukri.com. Code360 powered by Coding Ninjas X Naukri.com
Table of contents
1.
Introduction
2.
What Are indexOf and findIndex?
2.1.
indexOf
2.2.
JavaScript Code
2.3.
findIndex
2.4.
JavaScript Code
2.5.
The Key Differences
2.5.1.
Type of Comparison
2.5.2.
Flexibility
2.5.3.
Return Value
2.5.4.
Performance
3.
Practical Scenarios
3.1.
Using indexOf for Simple Lookups
3.2.
Using findIndex for Complex Conditions
4.
Frequently Asked Questions
4.1.
Can indexOf be used with arrays of objects?
4.2.
Is findIndex only used for arrays of objects?
4.3.
Which method is faster, indexOf or findIndex?
5.
Conclusion
Last Updated: Mar 27, 2024
Easy

Difference between indexOf and findIndex Function

Author Lekhika
0 upvote
Roadmap to SDE career at Amazon
Speaker
Anubhav Sinha
SDE-2 @
25 Jun, 2024 @ 01:30 PM

Introduction

Have you ever been on a treasure hunt? The JavaScript world is not much different when it comes to finding elements in an array. Two methods — indexOf and findIndex — serve as your treasure maps. But like all maps, these two have their own unique characteristics. Understanding the nuances between indexOf and findIndex can save you a lot of time and confusion. 

Difference between indexOf and findIndex Function

So, buckle up as we delve deep into the journey of these two JavaScript methods and explore their similarities, differences, and use-cases.

What Are indexOf and findIndex?

Before diving into the differences, let's understand what these two methods are designed to do.

indexOf

The indexOf method is used to find the index of a specific element in an array. It performs a strict equality (===) check and returns the index of the first match it encounters.

  • JavaScript Code

JavaScript Code

const arr = [10, 20, 30, 40];

const index = arr.indexOf(20);

console.log(index);

 Output: 

output

findIndex

The findIndex method, on the other hand, is a bit more flexible. It allows you to find the index of an element based on a condition. You pass a callback function that returns a boolean value to signify a match.

  • JavaScript Code

JavaScript Code

const arr = [10, 20, 30, 40];
const index = arr.findIndex(num => num > 15);
console.log(index);

 Output: 

output

The Key Differences

While both methods help you find the index of an element, the way they do it and what they offer are different.

Type of Comparison

indexOf: Uses strict equality (===) for comparison.

findIndex: Allows custom comparison through a callback function.

Flexibility

indexOf: Limited to direct value comparisons.

findIndex: Highly flexible, allowing complex conditions.

Return Value

Both methods return -1 if the element is not found. However, findIndex can return -1 even if an element exists but doesn't meet the condition specified in the callback.

Performance

indexOf: Generally faster for simple lookups due to the absence of a callback function.

findIndex: May be slower for large arrays as it executes the callback for each element until a match is found.

Get the tech career you deserve, faster!
Connect with our expert counsellors to understand how to hack your way to success
User rating 4.7/5
1:1 doubt support
95% placement record
Akash Pal
Senior Software Engineer
326% Hike After Job Bootcamp
Himanshu Gusain
Programmer Analyst
32 LPA After Job Bootcamp
After Job
Bootcamp

Practical Scenarios

Using indexOf for Simple Lookups

If you are dealing with an array of primitive values and you know the exact value you are looking for, indexOf is a quicker and simpler choice.

const fruits = ['apple', 'banana', 'cherry'];

const index = fruits.indexOf('banana');

Using findIndex for Complex Conditions

When you have an array of objects, or you need to find an element based on a condition, findIndex is the better option.

const users = [{id: 1, name: 'Alice'}, {id: 2, name: 'Bob'}];

const index = users.findIndex(user => user.id === 2);

Frequently Asked Questions

Can indexOf be used with arrays of objects?

No, indexOf is not suitable for arrays of objects because it uses strict equality for comparison, which won't work with objects.

Is findIndex only used for arrays of objects?

Not necessarily. findIndex can be used for arrays of any type whenever you need to find an element based on a specific condition.

Which method is faster, indexOf or findIndex?

indexOf is generally faster for simple lookups, while findIndex can be slower due to the execution of a callback function for each element.

Conclusion

Both indexOf and findIndex are powerful tools for finding elements in arrays, but they serve different purposes. If you are looking for a simple, quick way to find the index of a specific value in an array, indexOf is the way to go. On the other hand, if you need more flexibility and the ability to search based on conditions, findIndex offers that capability. Understanding the subtle differences between the two can make your JavaScript journey a lot smoother. So, the next time you find yourself searching for a treasure in the array jungle, you'll know exactly which map to use!

For more information, refer to our Guided Path on Coding Ninjas Studio to upskill yourself in PythonData Structures and AlgorithmsCompetitive ProgrammingSystem Design, and many more! 

Head over to our practice platform, CodeStudio, to practice top problems, attempt mock tests, read interview experiences and interview bundles, follow guided paths for placement preparations, and much more!

Previous article
Lodash _.flatMapDepth() Method
Next article
Lodash _.fromPairs() Method
Live masterclass