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Table of contents
1.
Introduction
2.
What is Scala?
2.1.
Pros of Scala
2.2.
Cons of Scala
3.
What is Python?
3.1.
Pros of Python
3.2.
Cons of Python
4.
Scala vs Python
5.
Frequently Asked Questions
5.1.
What is Scala?
5.2.
Which is better, Scala vs Python?
5.3.
What is Scala used for?
5.4.
Explain some characteristics of Python Language.
5.5.
What is the advantage of using Scala over other functional programming languages?
6.
Conclusion
Last Updated: Mar 27, 2024

Difference between Scala and Python

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Introduction

Hello Ninjas, we are here to discuss some interesting facts about Scala and Python and the differences between them at the end. 

Python and Scala are the two essential languages of the Data Science and Analytics community. Both Scala and Python play a crucial role in accomplishing Data Science needs.

Both Scala and Python support the object-oriented model to create web applications, but at the same time, both Scala vs Python have a few pros and cons.

Scala vs Python

Let's discuss Scala and Python before moving toward the key points of Scala vs Python. 

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Recommended Topic, Cognizant Eligibility Criteria

What is Scala?

Scala is a general-purpose programming, high-level language that combines object-oriented and functional programming features to design applications. The source code of the languages is written in such a way that all the libraries of Scala and Java can be referenced in either of the language's codes.

Scala has a special feature of strong static typing, which helps our developers to eliminate the possibility of bugs in the application. Other points of Scala language will be discussed below when we will see Scala vs Python.

Pros of Scala

  • Scala can be used to execute Java code.
  • Scala is highly scalable and useful for building strong concurrent applications.
  • Type interface offered.

Cons of Scala

  • Scala is a bit difficult to learn.
  • Limited Community presence.
  • It has a limited developer tool.
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What is Python?

Python is general-purpose dynamic programming, a high-level language used by most people to upgrade their programming skills with its easy English-like syntax, less typing, fast prototyping, and several other new features. All these features make Python a go-to tool for Data Science and Software Development projects.

Moreover, the Python interpreter and its standard library are freely available on and compatible with all major platforms, including Windows, macOS, and Linux.

Pros of Python

  • Easy and clear syntax.
  • Python has extensive libraries.
  • Large community support.

Cons of Python

  • Extra runtime is required.
  • Inflexible user base.
  • Python has limited support for functional programming.


Now let's move on to the main crux of the article, i.e., Scala vs Python.

Scala vs Python

Below are some points for scala vs python.

Feature

Scala

Python

Definition

Scala is a statically typed object-oriented programming language, which is why we need to specify the type of variables and objects in Scala.

Python is a dynamically typed language, which is why we don't need to specify objects in Python.

Type Safety

Scala is a statically typed language.

Python is a dynamically typed language.

Programming Language

Scala is a compiled language.

Python is an interpreted language.

Safety

As Scala is statically typed, it is easier to find compile time errors.

Python is dynamically typed and hence, is more prone to bugs.

Speed

Scala is ten times faster than Python.

Python is not as fast as Scala.

Difficulty

Scala is less difficult to learn than Python.

Python is easy to learn and use.

Ease of writing

It isn't easy to write code in Scala.

It is easy to write code in Python.

Concurrency

Scala has multiple standard libraries, and hence Scala supports strong concurrency primitives. 

Python does support heavyweight process forking and doesn't support multithreading.

Performance

The data types are not decided during runtime.

The data types are decided during runtime.

Support

Scala has good community support but less than Python.

Python has huge community support compared to Scala.

Project Scale

Scala can be used for large-scale projects.

Python can be used for small-scale projects.

Advanced Features

Scala can interact with the Hadoop ecosystem perfectly.

Python cannot interact or interrogate with Hadoop smoothly compared to Scala.

Simplicity

Scala is in demand because of its scalable and concurrent systems.

Python is in demand because of its English- like syntax.

Scalability

Scala provides a scalable feature, which makes it easier for developers working on large-scale projects.

Python doesn't provide scalable features.

Tools

Scala has no tools to work on machine learning and Natural Language Processing(NLP).

Python has proper tools for data science and libraries for machine learning and NLP.

Testing

Scala is a statically typed programming language, so testing is much easier and better in Scala.

Python is a dynamically typed programming language, due to which testing processes and methodologies are much more complex in Python.

Platform

Scala applications are run in JVM.

Python language has a lot of platforms like CPython.


You can also read about mock interview.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is Scala?

Scala is a statically typed programming language that combines object-oriented and functional programming features to design applications.

Which is better, Scala vs Python?

It isn't easy to decide which is better, Scala or Python. The language selection depends on the project needs and other aspects mentioned in the article. Scala is used for large-scale projects, and Python is used for small projects. So it totally depends on the developer to choose between Scala vs Python.

What is Scala used for?

Scala is ideal for backend code, software development, and web design. If you are using Java, you can use Scala instead. Companies that are using Scala are LinkedIn, NASA, Netflix, etc.

Explain some characteristics of Python Language.

Python is an Interpreted, high-level language. It has English- like syntax and fewer syntactic constructions which makes it more demanding among the users.

What is the advantage of using Scala over other functional programming languages?

Scala has some features like scalability, maintainability, and testability which makes it advantageous to use in comparison to other functional programming languages.

Conclusion

Here we come to the end of our article on Scala vs Python. It can be concluded that the language selection entirely depends on the project's needs. Both Scala and Python have their pros and cons, which differentiate them from each other.

Want to see more articles? Let's not stop here and explore the below mentioned articles.

  1. Scala and Java
  2. Scala Developers
  3. Java vs. Python and C++
  4. Scala Interview Questions
     

Check out The Interview guide for Product Based Companies and some of the Popular Interview Problems from Top companies like AmazonAdobeGoogleUberMicrosoft, etc., on Coding Ninjas Studio.

Also, check out some of the Guided Paths on topics such as Data Structures and AlgorithmsCompetitive ProgrammingOperating SystemsComputer Networks, DBMSSystem Design, etc., as well as some Contests, Test SeriesInterview Bundles, and some Interview Experiences curated by top Industry Experts only on Coding Ninjas Studio.

Happy learning!

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