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Table of contents
1.
Introduction
2.
What is the full form of ASP?
2.1.
Syntax for ASP
2.2.
Examples
3.
Brief History of ASP
4.
Characteristics of ASP
5.
Applications of Active Server Pages
5.1.
Dynamic Websites
5.2.
User Authentication
5.3.
Database Integration
5.4.
Content Management Systems (CMS)
5.5.
Online Forms
5.6.
E-commerce
6.
Benefits of ASP
7.
Limitations of ASP
8.
Advantages of ASP
9.
Disadvantages of ASP
10.
Security issues in ASP
11.
Frequently Asked Questions
11.1.
Can front-end web applications be built using ASP?
11.2.
What are Active Server Pages?
11.3.
Where is ASP used?
12.
Conclusion
Last Updated: Mar 27, 2024
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What is the full form of ASP?

Author Rituraj Seal
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Ashwin Goyal
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Introduction

Hey, Ninjas! Do you want to learn how web pages react when performing some action? Does web development interest you? Do you know about server-side scripting?

ASP Full Form

Well, you are at the right place. Today we will discuss ASP full form, what Active Server Pages are,  how they work, and why they are essential. So let’s get started.

What is the full form of ASP?

The full form of ASP is Active Server Pages. Active Server Pages use server-side scripting to generate the HTML pages and send the pages to the client’s web browser through an HTTP response. It was released initially as an add-on to Internet Information Services through Windows NT 4.0 Option.

You can write Active Server Pages in multiple JavaScript and C# programming languages. It is a webpage in HTML with embedded programs written in it. The programs are processed in a Windows server and are sent back to the client’s browser. So basically, the Active Server Page server-side engine processes the Active Server Page, interprets the code written in it, and then returns the page to the client.

Syntax for ASP

The general syntax of an Active Server Pages (ASP) file typically includes HTML markup and embedded server-side code using <% and %> tags.

<% 
	' ASP code here
	name = "Coding Ninjas"
	Response.Write("Hello, " & name & "!")
%>

Examples

VBScript

Using VBScript as the language, these are the methods to print “Hello World!” in ASP.

This is how we write in plain VBScript.

<html>
	<body>
		<%
		response.write("Hello World!")
		%>
	</body>
</html>


We can also use the script tag to write VBScript directly.

<html>
	<body>
		<script language="vbscript" runat="server">
			response.write("Hello World!")
		</script>
	</body>
</html>


We can also omit the “response.write()” to achieve the same result as with it.

<html>
	<body>
		<%="Hello World!"%>
	</body>
</html>

JavaScript

We can print “Hello World!” in ASP with JavaScript as the language in the following manner. 

To write in JavaScript, we just need to pre-declare the language.

<%@ language="javascript"%>
<html>
	<body>
		<%
		Response.Write("Hello World!")
		%>
	</body>
</html>

 

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Brief History of ASP

It is a technology that was developed by Microsoft in the mid-1990s. ASP full form is Active Server Pages. Initially, it was released as an add-on to Internet Information Services. Three versions of ASP were introduced, with ASP 1.0 being released in December 1996, ASP 2.0 being released in September 1997, and the last version, ASP 3.0, was released in November 2000.

Characteristics of ASP

Active Server Pages are beneficial when building dynamic web pages. Some of the reasons to use Active Server Pages are

  • Active Server Pages are a better alternative to programming languages like Perl and CGI due to their greater speed.
     
  • Active Server Pages are used when the page needs to be changed on submitting some form or clicking some button. So when a page needs to change on a form submission, the Active Server Page server can modify and send the new HTML accordingly.
     
  • As the Active Server Page’s code is hidden, the client cannot just download the Active Server Page’s code by downloading the webpage rendered. This feature makes it secure, as anyone cannot just go through the code and find ways of bypassing the security checks when the page communicates with the database.
     
  • The Active Server Page server can access the data of the user present in the HTML. So it can rewrite the HTML to personalise the page for the user by incorporating their name and email address and sending it back.

Applications of Active Server Pages

The following are the applications of Active Server Pages. 

Dynamic Websites

ASP allows developers to create websites that can change content in real time based on user interactions. For example, e-commerce sites use ASP to display product information, handle shopping carts, and process orders.

User Authentication

ASP can be used to create login systems. It helps verify user credentials, manage user sessions, and provide personalized content once a user logs in. Social media platforms and email services use this extensively.

Database Integration

ASP can connect to databases to fetch, store, and manipulate data. This is vital for applications like online banking, where account information needs to be retrieved and updated securely.

Content Management Systems (CMS)

Many CMS platforms use ASP to build and manage websites easily. They allow non-technical users to add, edit, or remove content without diving into code.

Online Forms

ASP is used to create and process forms on websites. Think of contact forms, surveys, or registration forms that collect user input and send it to a server for processing.

E-commerce

Online stores rely on ASP to manage product catalogues, handle transactions, and keep track of inventory. ASP-based shopping carts enable users to shop and checkout securely.

Benefits of ASP

  • Improved Performance: ASP (Active Server Pages) can significantly enhance website performance by enabling server-side scripting, caching, and efficient handling of dynamic content.
  • Rapid Development: ASP facilitates rapid development of web applications due to its integration with familiar languages like VBScript and JavaScript, along with easy access to databases.
  • Platform Compatibility: ASP applications can run on various platforms like Windows and Linux, providing flexibility in deployment options.
  • Scalability: ASP allows for scalable web applications as it can handle increased traffic and load by leveraging server resources effectively.

Limitations of ASP

  • Vendor Dependency: ASP is tied to Microsoft platforms and technologies, leading to vendor lock-in and limited compatibility with non-Microsoft environments.
  • Limited Language Support: ASP primarily supports scripting languages like VBScript and JavaScript, limiting the choice of programming languages for developers.
  • Security Concerns: ASP applications may face security vulnerabilities due to its reliance on server-side scripting, potentially exposing sensitive data or allowing for malicious code execution.
  • Performance Bottlenecks: Heavy reliance on server-side processing in ASP applications can lead to performance bottlenecks, especially under high traffic or load conditions.

Advantages of ASP

The benefits of using Active Server Pages are

  • Active Server Pages have caching, which helps them temporarily store data in the browser and reduce the time it takes to load a page.
     
  • As you can write embedded code in HTML using Active Server Pages, it is easier to implement features that would have been complex otherwise.
     
  • You can write Active Server Pages in JavaScript and C#. This makes it easier to work with, as JavaScript and C# are widely used in many applications.
     
  • Active Server Pages are widely used. This makes it a good choice for building dynamic pages, as support for a widely used framework is always available.
     
  • As discussed earlier, Active Server Pages are much faster than its alternatives like Perl.

Disadvantages of ASP

The disadvantages of using Active Server Pages are

  • Sometimes code in Active Server Pages can become very complex and challenging to understand. 
     
  • Active Server Pages have a limited amount of support for debugging. Tools for developing applications using Active Server Pages are also a handful. So coding Active Server Pages is a challenging task.
     
  • Active Server Pages can cause problems due to their reliance on Internet Information Services.
     
  • Active Server Pages cannot store the state of a variable. This reduces the types of features that Active Server Pages could have implemented.

Security issues in ASP

Here is the list of the most common security issues in ASP.

  • Security breaches can occur if any malicious file is introduced by user inputs in ASP.
     
  • There is a risk of cross-site scripting, which means attackers can inject malicious files into the web pages that are viewed by users.
     
  • Due to the weak authentication and session management in ASP, there can be many security breaches and unauthorized access.
     
  • Any information that is released on ASP can give sensitive data to attackers who might use it for bad purposes.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can front-end web applications be built using ASP?

Yes, the front end can be built with ASP.NET. You can use programming languages like JavaScript or C# to code Active Server Pages. The frontend pages are processed in a server, and the appropriate HTML page is sent back to the client’s browser.

What are Active Server Pages?

Active Server Pages use server-side scripting to generate the HTML pages and send the pages to the client’s web browser through an HTTP response. Active Server Pages can be written in multiple JavaScript and C# programming languages. It is a webpage in HTML with embedded programs written in it. The programs are processed in a Windows server and are sent back to the client’s browser.

Where is ASP used?

Active Server Pages can be used when the page needs to be changed on submitting some form or clicking some button. So when a page needs to be changed on a form submission, the Active Server Page server can modify and send the new HTML accordingly.

Conclusion

As we conclude this article, let’s summarise what we have discussed. We have discussed ASP full form, where you can use Active Server Pages, the advantages and disadvantages of using Active Server Pages and how Active Server Pages deliver dynamic web pages.

If you want to learn more about ASP, visit these links.

Happy Coding!

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