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Table of contents
1.
Introduction About Version Control and Git
2.
Repositories
3.
Working of GitHub
4.
Basic Git Commands
5.
FAQs
6.
Key Takeaways
Last Updated: Mar 27, 2024
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Git Basic Guide

Author Prachi Singh
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Data structures & algorithms (Beginner to Intermediate)
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Introduction About Version Control and Git

VCS (Version Control System) is responsible for managing the history of changes made by team members collaborating on some projects. The changes made by developers can be recovered at any instant of time as the particular version control system.

The tracking history consists of the following:

  1. The reason behind the changes.
  2. The person is responsible for the change.
  3. The time at which the changes were made.
  4. Introduction to changes.

VCS gives a constantly updated picture of the changes made during the project's entire development. In a distributed version system, every developer has the whole proposal for the changes made. Git is one of the most popular distributed version control systems.

Repositories

A repository is a collection of files and folders associated with a particular project and its respective revision history. The revision history is depicted using snapshots called commits. These commits are further revised into multiple forms called branches. Since Git is a distributed version control system, associated users can get the entire codebase and search history associated with their repositories. A Git repository allows various features such as repository cloning, creating branches, merging, etc.

With the addition of GitHub, Git provides additional project transparency and collaboration features. 

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Working of GitHub

GitHub provides direct collaboration during the development process. The entire development cycle is sub-divided into repositories, where developers can mark the target expectations for various team members. With the application of GitHub Flow, developers create branches, pull requests, commit changes and merge the different pull requests. 

GitHub provides developers to enrich their code using different command-line features. 

Basic Git Commands

The basic commands for copying, creating, changing, and combining code are as follows:

git clone: This command is used for creating a local copy of the project existing remotely.

git commit: This command saves the snapshots of the various project history, also known as commits.

git stage: This command is used for categorizing the status change as modified, untracked, etc.

git branch: This command is used for showing various branches working locally.

git merge: This command is used for merging different lines of code.

git push: This command is used for updating the remote repository.

git pull: This command is used for updating the local lines of development.

git init: This command is used for initializing the new Git repository and is responsible for tracking an existing repository.

Check out most important Git Interview Questions here.

FAQs

1. Which command is used for categorizing the status change?

git stage command is used for categorizing the status change.

2. Which command is used for updating the local lines of development?

git pull command is used for updating the local lines of development.

3. What is the purpose of the git branch?

This command is used for showing various branches working locally.

4. What is the purpose of git merge?

This command is used for merging different lines of code.

5. What provides a transparency feature to Git?

GitHub provides a transparency feature to Git.

Key Takeaways

Congratulations on finishing the blog!! After reading this blog, you will grasp the concept of the basics of Git.

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