Code360 powered by Coding Ninjas X Naukri.com. Code360 powered by Coding Ninjas X Naukri.com
Table of contents
1.
Introduction
2.
What does a Data Scientist do?
3.
Why Become a Data Scientist? 
4.
What Skills Do Data Scientists Need?  
5.
How to Become a Data Scientist?
5.1.
1. Get a Bachelor's Degree
5.2.
2. Gain Relevant Skills
5.3.
3. Earn Certifications
5.4.
4. Take on Projects and Internships
5.5.
5. Gain Experience
5.6.
6. Focus on Networking
6.
Data Scientist Salary and Job Growth
7.
Data Science Qualifications and Eligibility Required
8.
Careers in Data Science
8.1.
Data Analyst:
8.2.
Data Engineer: 
8.3.
AI/ML Engineer:
8.4.
Machine Learning Engineer:
9.
Frequently Asked Questions
9.1.
What qualifications do you need to be a data scientist?
10.
What do I need to take to become a data scientist?
10.1.
How do I start a career in data science?
10.2.
How long does it take to become a data scientist?
11.
Conclusion
Last Updated: Mar 27, 2024
Medium

How to become a Data Scientist?

Author Tisha
0 upvote
Leveraging ChatGPT - GenAI as a Microsoft Data Expert
Speaker
Prerita Agarwal
Data Specialist @
23 Jul, 2024 @ 01:30 PM

Introduction

Data science is a skill that is in demand and growing fast. As organizations work on data insights to make decisions, data scientists are needed. However, becoming a data scientist takes a lot of work. It requires education, skills, and experience. This article will show the various steps to becoming a data scientist.

how to become a data scientist

Before moving on to the topic, let us discuss who is a data scientist.

What does a Data Scientist do?

A data scientist is a specialist in analytics who gathers, examines, and translates data to support organizational decision-making. Aspects of many traditional and technical careers, including those of mathematician, physicist, statistician, and computer programmer, are included in the work of data scientist. It involves putting scientific ideas and modern analytics methods like machine learning and predictive modeling to use.

As part of Data Science projects, data scientists commonly work with vast amounts of data to develop and test hypotheses, draw conclusions, and assess issues such as consumer and market trends, cybersecurity concerns, stock trades, equipment maintenance requirements, etc.

Get the tech career you deserve, faster!
Connect with our expert counsellors to understand how to hack your way to success
User rating 4.7/5
1:1 doubt support
95% placement record
Akash Pal
Senior Software Engineer
326% Hike After Job Bootcamp
Himanshu Gusain
Programmer Analyst
32 LPA After Job Bootcamp
After Job
Bootcamp

Why Become a Data Scientist? 

  • Since companies increasingly rely on data-driven decision-making processes, data scientists are in great demand across industries. As a result, data scientists have a variety of work choices and frequently earn excellent pay packages
     
  • Data science delivers long-term security in addition to financially rewarding professions. This profession is desirable for people looking for financial security and career advancement because professionals in it receive excellent pay, generous benefits, and various prospects for growth
     
  • Data Scientists thrive on using modern analytics and statistical techniques to solve complex, real-world problems. Their work promotes innovation and makes meaningful contributions to solutions that have an effect on businesses and society
     
  • Data scientists have an amazing capacity to find important insights hidden within huge databases. They enable organizations to make educated decisions, improve operations, and stimulate innovation by converting raw data into recommendations that can be implemented

What Skills Do Data Scientists Need?  

The skills required for a data scientist are as below:

  • Learn about databases, which are necessary to store and analyze data using programs like Teradata, Microsoft SQL Server, Oracle Database, and MySQL
     
  • Master at least one programming language. Programming tools such as R, Python, and SAS are very important when performing analytics on data
     
  • Learn Data Wrangling, which involves cleaning, manipulating, and organizing data. Popular tools for data wrangling include R, Python, Flume, and Scoop
     
  • Understand the fundamentals of Machine Learning. Giving systems the ability to learn and improve on their own without being expressly designed to do so
     
  • Having a basic knowledge of Big Data tools like Apache Spark, Hadoop, and Tableau, which are used to deal with vast and complicated data sets that standard data processing applications cannot handle
     
  • Improve your capacity to visualize results. Data visualization is the process of combining several data sets and providing a visual representation of the results using diagrams, charts, and graphs

How to Become a Data Scientist?

Here, we are going to discuss how to become a data scientist. Below are some tips that you can use to become a data scientist easily.

1. Get a Bachelor's Degree

To become a data scientist, a background in mathematics, statistics, and computer science is required. These fields teach essential skills needed to evaluate and extract insights from massive datasets.

While getting a graduate degree in a relevant discipline, such as computer science or mathematics, is not required, it can considerably improve your qualifications and future chances. Advanced degrees frequently go deeper into specialized themes, providing you with a more diverse skill set and making you a more competitive candidate in the ever-changing world of  Data science.

2. Gain Relevant Skills

To be successful as a data scientist, you must learn Python programming, Data manipulation, machine learning, data visualization, and domain-specific knowledge. In the data-driven environment, proficiency in these areas enables you to extract valuable insights from data, make educated decisions, and contribute meaningfully to your organization's success.

3. Earn Certifications

It is important to get continuous learning and professional development. This can be attending conferences, workshops, and online courses. Also, getting certifications from reputed organizations can be good.

4. Take on Projects and Internships

Getting experience through internships or project work can help to build a strong resume. It can increase the chances of being hired as a data scientist. These practical tasks allow you to demonstrate your ability to potential employers by putting your skills to use in real-world circumstances. Participating in data science competitions not only gives a wonderful learning experience but also demonstrates your problem-solving ability and passion for the topic, providing you with a competitive advantage in the job market. 

5. Gain Experience

Practical experience is essential for aspiring data scientists. Internships, project collaborations, and freelance opportunities provide important hands-on experience with real-world data problems. These opportunities allow you to put your skills to use, work with a variety of datasets, and improve your problem-solving ability. Participating in data-driven projects at your academic institution or joining open-source data science networks can also help to broaden your portfolio.

6. Focus on Networking

Networking is essential for the advancement of data scientists' careers. Developing a strong professional network can lead to new opportunities, collaboration, and knowledge sharing. Attend industry conferences, webinars, and local meetings to network with peers, potential mentors, and jobs. Engage in online data science forums and platforms such as LinkedIn and GitHub to demonstrate your knowledge and learn from others.

Data Scientist Salary and Job Growth

In India, the average income for a Data Scientist is ₹12,50,000 per year. In India, the average additional cash compensation for a Data Scientist is ₹1,50,000, with a range of ₹1,00,000 - ₹ 2,50,000. Salary estimates are based on 10188 anonymous Glassdoor salary submissions by Data Scientist employees in India.

The demand for data scientists has been expanding significantly. Companies across industries recognized the benefits of data-driven decision-making, resulting in an increase in data scientist job possibilities. The field has seen rapid job development, which is likely to continue for the foreseeable future. Data scientists are in high demand in industries like as technology, finance, healthcare, e-commerce, and others.

Data Science Qualifications and Eligibility Required

Data Science is an analytical profession that requires a strong understanding, analysis, and interpretation of data and its entities. To become a data scientist, the minimum qualifications and eligibility that is required are listed below: 

  1. A bachelor's or Master's degree in Mathematics, Science, Computer Science, or STEM(Science, Technology Engineering & Mathematics).
     
  2.  Strong understanding of Programming languages like Python, R, or Scala. Python is the most used language in data science. 
     
  3. Proficiency in mathematics and statistics. Including knowledge of statistical tests, distributions, regression, etc.
     
  4. Understanding of using mathematical tools and techniques to get to a solution using available data.
     
  5. Knowledge of databases and query language. Understanding of SQL, PL/SQL, and big data technologies. 
     
  6. Knowledge of machine learning and its various methods like "Naive Bayes""k-Nearest Neighbors",  or its libraries such as TensorFlow, PyTorch, etc.
     
  7. Strong analytical and thinking abilities. Excellent communication and presentation skills.

Careers in Data Science

Data Science is a rapidly growing and dynamic field that requires a strong understanding of programming knowledge and experience. Once you start your career as a data scientist, you can become a Data Analyst, Data Engineer, AI/ML Engineer, Senior Data Scientist, Machine Learning Engineer, and many more.  We will explore each of them in detail:

Data Analyst:

 A data analyst gathers, cleans, and interprets data sets to answer questions or solve problems. Analysts examine data to find solutions to issues, get the necessary knowledge to resolve the issues, and provide insights from the data. Unlike data scientists, it uses structured data to resolve and find solutions for the problem.

Skills: 

  • Strong understanding of databases and proficiency in query language. 
     
  • Knowledge of programming languages like Python, R, or Java. 
     
  • Excellent communication and strong analytical skills. 

Data Engineer: 

As a data engineer' you assess unprocessed data in a variety of scenarios. Their primary task is creating new systems that gather, process, and organize unprocessed data into appropriate formats.

Skills: 

  • Proficiency in programming languages like Java, Python, or Scala. 
     
  • Hands-on experience with data management and query languages. 
     
  • Strong knowledge of Big data technologies and ETL processes. 
     
  • Understanding of data modeling and data warehousing. 

AI/ML Engineer:

An AI/ML engineer is an expert professional specializing in developing and deploying machine learning and artificial intelligence models. They are primarily involved in analyzing, researching, and designing artificial models. Collect and analyze data to train machine learning models. 

Skills: 

  • Strong understanding and proficiency in programming languages such as Python or R. Python are widely used in Artificial Intelligence. 
     
  • Understanding of mathematical concepts such as algebra, statistics, and probability. 
     
  • Knowledge of machine learning libraries and frameworks such as TensorFlow, Keras, or Sci-Kit learn. 
     
  • Proficiency in computer science fundamentals and software Engineering. 

Machine Learning Engineer:

As a machine learning engineer, you use your skills and experience to analyze data. The professionals develop, research, and design artificial intelligence systems to automate predictive models. 

Skills: 

  • Proficiency in programming languages like Java, Python, or Scala. 
     
  • Good knowledge of Python library NumPy, matplotlib, and pandas.
     
  • Good understanding of ML pipelines.Should be familiar with python frameworks like  Keras, Caffe, TensorFlowSci-Kit, and PyTorch.
     
  • Sound knowledge of database technologies.

Frequently Asked Questions

What qualifications do you need to be a data scientist?

You need a strong mathematics or computer science background. A graduate degree in a field, such as data science, computer science, or mathematics, can be helpful.

What do I need to take to become a data scientist?

To become a data scientist you at least need to have a bachelor's or Master's degree in Mathematics, Science, Computer Science, or STEM(Science, Technology Engineering & Mathematics).

How do I start a career in data science?

To get started in a data science career, get a bachelor's degree in data science or a related filed. Contribute to open source projects and have a strong understanding of programming languages and machine learning models. 

How long does it take to become a data scientist?

The time it takes to become a data scientist depends on factors such as education, experience, and skill level. Becoming a data scientist may take 12 months or a few years.

Conclusion

In this article, we have discussed how to become a data scientist. We also learned about a data scientist's different career opportunities, skills, roles, and responsibilities. We hope this blog was helpful. You can also refer to other similar articles.

 

You can also consider our online coding courses such as the Data Science Course to give your career an edge over others.

 

Live masterclass