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Table of contents
1.
Introduction
2.
What is NumPy
3.
Features of NumPy
4.
Choosing NumPy over Python list
5.
Pre-Requisites for NumPy Installation 
6.
How to install NumPy in Python
7.
How to install NumPy in Python on Mac Operating System
8.
How to install NumPy in Python on Windows Operating System
9.
How to  Install NumPy on Ubuntu Operating System
10.
How to upgrade NumPy in Python
11.
Frequently Asked Questions
11.1.
Q1. How to install a Numpy version using PIP?
11.2.
Q2. How do I install and import Numpy in Python?
11.3.
Q3. How to install Numpy in PyCharm cmd?
12.
Conclusion
Last Updated: Mar 27, 2024
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How to install numpy in python

Author Shivani Singh
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Introduction

We all must have encountered situations where we have to do some vast calculations. But do not worry when there are many languages available that can minimize the calculation time. The Python language is one of them. Python is easy to learn and readable because it is similar to English. Numerous built-in functions in Python make doing mathematical computations very simple. Python's NumPy library is one example of such a library. In this blog, we will explore how to install NumPy in Python. 

How to install numpy in python

Python's NumPy package is used in scientific computing. It can also be used to store data in an adequate multi-dimensional container. In other terms, NumPy is a Python package that facilitates data analysis. People who work in the field of data science utilize it. It is a linear algebra library with C library bindings, which makes it extremely quick. We will see various ways how to install NumPy in Python. Let's get started with the blog. 

What is NumPy

NumPy, short for "Numerical Python," is a Python package. Travis Oliphant developed the open-source NumPy Python library in 2005. The robust N-dimensional array object and tools for integrating C, C++, etc., are part of this core package for scientific computing.

To effectively work with multi-dimensional arrays, it is one of the most widely used libraries for numerical calculation. It makes it simple to carry out arithmetic operations and manipulate arrays because it is quick and has great built-in functions.

Although the fundamental array operations in NumPy are already well-known to many data analysts and scientists, several less well-known capabilities can significantly increase your productivity and make your code more efficient. 

We will see the same in the blog's following section. 

Must Recommended Topic: NumPy in Python

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Features of NumPy

Some of the crucial features of the Python library NumPy are the following:

Features of NumPy
  • Random number generation: NumPy is helpful in random number generation, linear algebra, etc. A proper multi-dimensional container for general data can be created using a NumPy array.
     
  • Broadcasting features: NumPy's powerful broadcasting feature makes it possible to mix arrays of various shapes or perform element-wise actions on them. In other words, it enables NumPy to handle arrays of multiple shapes as though they were of the same shape, leading to frequently much shorter and simpler code.
     
  • Structured arrays: NumPy's structured arrays offer a mechanism to work with structured data arrays where each element's data type can vary. Unlike traditional NumPy arrays, where each element typically has the same data type, this one does not.
     
  • Indexing: With NumPy's robust fancy indexing functionality, you can index arrays using boolean masks or arrays of indices. This is distinct from fundamental indexing, which usually involves using integers or slices to access array entries.
     
  • Vectorization: Instead of looping through each member of an array one at a time, NumPy's vectorization technique enables you to perform actions on large arrays. When compared to equivalent code that uses loops, this can produce shorter, simpler code that is frequently faster.
     
  • Code with ease: You can simplify your code with NumPy, enhance its performance, and gain access to additional data-working features.

Choosing NumPy over Python list

Unlike typical lists, NumPy has an extensive list of features, is fast, and uses less memory. NumPy is very effective because it can split a task into multiple smaller ones and handle them in parallel. 

Choosing NumPy over Python list

Compared to NumPy arrays, the computation time for multiplying two Python lists grows dramatically as the size of the lists increases. It takes about 40 times less time to multiply two 100,000-element NumPy arrays than to multiply the same number of elements in a Python list. As a result, NumPy is preferable for arrays with many elements.

Pre-Requisites for NumPy Installation 

To know how to install NumPy in Python, it is crucial to know the prerequisites of it. This blog section will discuss the prerequisites for the NumPy installation.

  • Before installing NumPy, you must first install Python from www.Python.org.
     
  • Any extension module construction requires the use of compilers. GNU compilers are primarily used in NumPy development.

How to install NumPy in Python

This blog section will discuss how to install NumPy in Python. NumPy must be installed before Python. Following the installation of Python, NumPy is set up using various instructions depending on the operating system. Let's see how NumPy is set up on different operating systems.

How to install NumPy in Python on Mac Operating System

You need to follow the steps to know how to install NumPy in Python on Mac Operating System.

Step 1: Run this command to see if pip3 and Python3 are correctly installed:

Python3 --version
pip3 --version

 

You will get the version of Python and pip installed in the output window. If getting any error, you need to install Python and pip. 
 

Step 2: Now install NumPy with the help of the pip command:

pip3 install NumPy

 

Step 3: After this, you need to check if the NumPy library is installed successfully in the system or not by the following command. 

import NumPy

How to install NumPy in Python on Windows Operating System

You need to follow the steps to know how to install NumPy in Python on Windows Operating System.

Step 1: In the command prompt, use the following pip command to install the NumPy library.

pip install NumPy
pip install NumPy

 

Step 2: The latest version of NumPy will be successfully installed after the installation begins automatically. 

NumPy installation

By using the command listed below on the command prompt, you can confirm NumPy installation. 

pip show NumPy
pip show NumPy

 

Step 3: Now, for importing the NumPy package, you need to create a Python environment by typing the following command:

Python

 

Step 4: After this, type the following command to import NumPy:

Import NumPy as np 
Import NumPy as np

NumPy can be installed in various operating systems by following the above steps.

Also see, How to Check Python Version in CMD

How to  Install NumPy on Ubuntu Operating System

Python comes pre-installed on Ubuntu personal computers. Pip, on the other hand, is not installed. There are two ways to install pip:

  • Step 1: Install the complete package by downloading python from python.org, then use the apt install command for installing on the Ubuntu system.
  • Step 2: Another way is to directly install pip first on Ubuntu and then install NumPy by typing the command apt install python-pip python-pip3.
  • Step 3: To install Python 3, use the command pip3 install numpy; to install Python 2, use pip install numpy.

How to upgrade NumPy in Python

Use the following command for Pip2 to upgrade an existing installation of NumPy to the most recent version:

pip install --upgrade NumPy
upgrade NumPy

If you are using Pip3, run the following command in the command prompt:

pip3 install --upgrade NumPy

 

Must Read Python List Operations

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. How to install a Numpy version using PIP?

NumPy can be installed using the pip package installer. Run the following line in your command prompt or terminal: pip install numpy. This will download and install most recent NumPy version from PyPI.

Q2. How do I install and import Numpy in Python?

To install NumPy in Python, use "pip install numpy," and to import it, add "import numpy as np" at the beginning of your Python script, allowing access to NumPy's functionality.

Q3. How to install Numpy in PyCharm cmd?

To install NumPy in PyCharm, go to File menu and select Settings. Choose your Python project and Python Interpreter from the Settings menu. Then locate the NumPy package and select Install Package.

Conclusion

As we have reached the end of this blog, let us see what we have discussed so far. In this blog, we have discussed the basics of the NumPy library of Python. Then we discussed its features and need over Python lists. In the end, we saw how to install Numpy in Python. 

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