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Table of contents
1.
Introduction
2.
Introduction to HTTP Client
2.1.
send(HttpRequest, BodyHandler).
2.2.
sendAsync(HttpRequest, BodyHandler)
3.
HTTP Client in Pycharm 
3.1.
Create HTTP request files
3.1.1.
Create an HTTP request scratch file.
3.1.2.
Create a physical HTTP request file.
3.1.3.
Move an HTTP request
3.2.
Compose HTTP requests
3.3.
Convert cURL requests
3.3.1.
Convert cURL to the HTTP request
4.
HTTP Client in IntelliJ
4.1.
Create HTTP request files
4.2.
Create an HTTP request scratch file
4.3.
Compose HTTP requests
4.4.
Convert cURL to HTTP request
5.
Frequently Asked Questions
5.1.
What is the client in HTTP?
5.2.
What does an HTTP request contain?
5.3.
How does HttpClient work?
6.
Conclusion
Last Updated: Mar 27, 2024

HTTP Client in PyCharm and IntelliJ

Author Nilesh Kumar
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Introduction

A client that can send a request to a server and get a response in HTTP format is known as an HTTP client. A Python-specific Integrated Development Environment (IDE), PyCharm offers a wide range of crucial tools for Python developers. These tools are tightly integrated to produce a suitable environment for practical Python web development. IntelliJ IDEA is an Integrated Development Environment (IDE) for JVM languages to increase developer productivity. By offering sophisticated code completion, static code analysis, and refactorings, it takes care of your tedious and repetitive duties. It frees you up to concentrate on the positive aspects of software development, making it both efficient and pleasant. This blog explains the details of HTTP Client in PyCharm, and IntelliJ along with the particulars of creating HTTP request files, Creating an HTTP request scratch file, Move an HTTP request, Compose HTTP requests and Convert cURL to the HTTP request in PyCharm and IntelliJ.

http client in puycharm and intellig

Introduction to HTTP Client

You can make requests and get answers using a HttpClient. A builder is used to create a HttpClient. The builder can be used to set up the preferences for each client, such as the preferred protocol version (HTTP/1.1 or HTTP/2), whether to follow redirects, the usage of a proxy or authenticator, and other settings. An HttpClient is immutable once created and can be used to send repeated requests.

For each sent HttpRequest, a BodyHandler is required. If there is a response body, the BodyHandler decides how to handle it. The headers, response code, and body are usually accessible once a HttpResponse is received. The type, T, of the response body determines whether or not the response body bytes have been read.

Requests can be sent either synchronously or asynchronously:

send(HttpRequest, BodyHandler).

Until the request and response have been sent and received, it blocks.

sendAsync(HttpRequest, BodyHandler)

Asynchronously, both the request and the response are sent. With a CompletableFutureHttpResponse>, the sendAsync function gives an immediate response. When the answer is made accessible, the CompletableFuture is complete. To specify dependencies between several asynchronous tasks, the returned CompletableFuture can be mixed in many ways.

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HTTP Client in Pycharm 

You may create, edit, and carry out HTTP requests right inside the PyCharm code editor by using the HTTP Client plugin.

When you need to create and execute HTTP requests, there are two primary use cases:

  • When creating a RESTful web service, you should ensure that it responds as intended, is reachable following the specification, and performs as expected.
  • when creating a software program that uses a RESTful web service. Investigating the service's accessibility and the necessary input data in this situation is beneficial before you begin the development. You can also call this web service while it's being developed from a different application.

.http and .rest files are used to store HTTP requests.

Create HTTP request files

.Working with HTTP requests is possible from blank and physical HTTP Request file types. You can create as many files as you need, and each file can contain several requests.

During development, HTTP queries can be tested using scratch files. Since Scratch files are not kept in a project, PyCharm can edit them and provide further details to the request. The link to the response output file is inserted below the request and at the top of the requests history file when an HTTP request is made from a scratch file.

Create an HTTP request scratch file.

To Create an HTTP request scratch file Press Ctrl+Alt+Shift+Insert and select HTTP Request.

 

HTTP requests can be tested, validated, and documented using physical files. Your project's physical files are kept there, and PyCharm won't change them. A physical file is not changed when an HTTP request is sent from it. 

Create a physical HTTP request file.

To Create a physical HTTP request file, In the File menu, point to New, and then click HTTP Request.

Move an HTTP request

Moving HTTP requests between physical files and from scratches to physical files is possible with the Move refactoring F6.

  • Place the caret where it is requested to be relocated in the editor and choose from one of the following:
    • Refactor | Move can be chosen from the main menu or the context menu.
    • The Move HTTP Requests intention action can be chosen by pressing Alt+Enter.
    • Press F6
  • Perform the following in the Move HTTP Requests dialogue that appears:
    • Select an existing .http file from the list or use the Browse button to find it in the Path box.
    • Select the checkboxes next to the requests you want to move in the Requests list.

Compose HTTP requests

The HTTP request in Editor format, which PyCharm supports, offers a convenient way to generate, carry out, and save data about HTTP requests. The typical syntax for typing them into the newly formed HTTP request files is as follows:

###
Method Request-URI HTTP-Version
Header-field: Header-value

Request-Body

To change the colors and style used to indicate request syntax, utilize the Editor | Color Scheme | HTTP Request settings (name, comments, parameters, headers, and so on).

Convert cURL requests

You can convert between cURL requests and the HTTP request in Editor format if you are working with cURL requests.

Convert cURL to the HTTP request

  • In an HTTP request file, paste the cURL request. The original cURL request will be left with a remark for future reference and converted to the HTTP request format by PyCharm.
  • Alternately, select Convert cURL to HTTP Request by clicking Convert cURL to HTTP Request at the top of the HTTP request editing panel.
  • Type or paste the cURL request you want to convert into the Convert cURL to HTTP Request dialogue box.

Take into account the next cURL request illustration

curl 'http://httpbin.org/' -H 'Connection: keep-live' -H 'Accept: text/html' -H 'Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate' -H 'Accept-Language: en-UK,en;q=0.7,es;q=0.8'

It will be transformed to the following by PyChar

# curl 'http://httpbin.org/' -H 'Connection: keep-live' -H 'Accept: text/html' -H 'Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate' -H 'Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.9,es;q=0.8'
GET http://httpbin.org/
Connection: keep-alive
Accept: text/html
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Accept-Language: en-UK,en;q=0.7,es;q=0.8

###

 

HTTP Client in IntelliJ

You may create, amend, and carry out HTTP requests right inside the IntelliJ IDEA code editor thanks to the HTTP Client plugin.

When you need to create and execute HTTP requests, there are two primary use cases:

  • When creating a RESTful web service, you should ensure that it responds as intended, is reachable in accordance with the specification, and performs as expected.
  • when creating a software program that uses a RESTful web service. Investigating the service's accessibility and the necessary input data in this situation is beneficial before you begin the development. You can also call this web service while it's being developed from a different application.

Create HTTP request files

Working with HTTP requests is possible from both blank files and physical HTTP Request file types. You can create as many files as you need, and each file can contain several requests.

Create an HTTP request scratch file

To create an HTTP request scratch file, Press Ctrl+Alt+Shift+Insert and select HTTP Request.

Compose HTTP requests

The HTTP request in Editor format, which offers a convenient way to construct, carry out, and save data about HTTP requests, is used by IntelliJ IDEA. The typical syntax for typing them into the newly formed HTTP request files is as follows:

###

Method Request-URI HTTP-Version
Header-field: Header-value

Request-Body

To change the colors and style used to indicate request syntax, utilize the Editor | Color Scheme | HTTP Request settings (name, comments, parameters, headers, and so on).

Convert cURL to HTTP request

  • In an HTTP request file, paste the cURL request. The original cURL request will be commented out and converted to the HTTP request format by IntelliJ IDEA.
  • Alternately, select Convert cURL to HTTP Request by clicking Convert cURL to HTTP Request at the top of the HTTP request editing panel.
  • Type or paste the cURL request you want to convert into the Convert cURL to HTTP Request dialogue box.

Take into account the next cURL request illustration:

curl 'http://httpbin.org/' -H 'Connection: keep-live' -H 'Accept: text/html' -H 'Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate' -H 'Accept-Language: en-UK,en;q=0.7,es;q=0.8'

It will be transformed to the following by IntelliJ IDEA:

# curl 'http://httpbin.org/' -H 'Connection: keep-alive' -H 'Accept: text/html' -H 'Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate' -H 'Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.9,es;q=0.8'
GET http://httpbin.org/
Connection: keep-live
Accept: text/html
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Accept-Language: en-UK,en;q=0.7,es;q=0.8

###

 

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the client in HTTP?

A client that can send a request to a server and get a response in HTTP format is known as an HTTP client. A client that is built to use a server's RESTful service is known as a REST client.

What does an HTTP request contain?

What is in an HTTP request?

HTTP requests are messages that the client sends to the server to start an action. Three components make up their starting point: An HTTP method is a verb or word that describes the action to be taken, such as GET, PUT, POST, or HEAD or OPTIONS.

How does HttpClient work?

A builder is used to create a HttpClient. The builder can be used to set up the preferences for each client, such as the preferred protocol version (HTTP/1.1 or HTTP/2), whether to follow redirects, the usage of a proxy or authenticator, and other settings. An HttpClient is immutable once it has been created and can be used to send repeated requests.

Conclusion

This blog explains the details of HTTP Client in PyCharm and IntelliJ along with the details Create HTTP request files, Creating an HTTP request scratch file, Move an HTTP request, Compose HTTP requests and Convert cURL to the HTTP request in PyCharm and IntelliJ.

We hope this blog has helped you enhance your knowledge of HTTP Clients in PyCharm and IntelliJ. You can refer to our guided paths on the Coding Ninjas Studio platform to learn more about DSADBMSCompetitive ProgrammingPythonJavaJavaScript, etc. To practice and improve yourself in the interview, you can also check out Top 100 SQL problemsInterview experienceCoding interview questions, and the Ultimate guide path for interviews. Do upvote our blog to help other ninjas grow. Happy Coding!!

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