Properties
The properties of the indefinite integrals are as follows 

The process of differentiation and integration are inverses of each other. That is,
where c is an arbitrary constant.
Proof:

For any real value A,
Proof:

For any two functions f(x) and g(x),
Proof:

For a finite number of functions f1,f2,f3,........fn and for some real numbers A1, A2, A3â€¦â€¦An,
Fundamental Integrals
Some of the fundamental integral formulas are shown here,
Examples

Evaluate the given Integral
Sol:

Evaluate the given integral
Sol:

Evaluate the integral 
Sol:

Evaluate the integral 
Sol:

Evaluate the integral 
Sol:
Methods Of Integration
The different methods of integration are discussed below:
Integration by Substitution
The method of integration by substitution reduces the given integral to a standard form by the proper substitution.
Mathematical Definition
Mathematically saying, If g(x) is a continuously differentiable function, then if you want to evaluate the integration in the form of,
We substitute,
Now, this reduces the integral in the form,
After the evaluation, we substitute back the value of t.
Example
1. Evaluate the given integral,
Solution:
2. Evaluate the given integral,
Solution:
Integration by Parts
Here we will see the integration by parts method.
Theorem
If u and v are two functions of x, then
Here, u is regarded as the first function and v is regarded as the second function of x.
Now the problem is how to choose the first function, right?
To choose the first function, you have just to follow a simple technique that is to choose the first function as the function which comes first in the word ILATE where,
I stands for Inverse trigonometric functions.
L stands for Logarithmic functions.
A stands for Algebraic functions.
T stands for Trigonometric functions.
E stands for Exponential functions.
Example

Evaluate the given integral.
Solution:

Evaluate the given integral
Solution:
Integration by Partial Fractions
Letâ€™s now discuss the method of integration by partial fractions.
Partial Fractions
Before learning about the Partial Fractions, letâ€™s first see the Polynomial functions.
An expression of type
is called a polynomial of degree n.
Letâ€™s now see what the Rational function is.
A function of the form P/Q where P and Q are polynomials is called the Rational function of x.
A rational function is called the Proper Rational function if the degree of the numerator is less than that of the denominator.
A rational function is called the Improper Rational function if the degree of the numerator is greater than that of the denominator.
If the rational function P(x) / Q(x) is Improper, then we divide P(x) by Q(x) so that it can be represented as the below form,
H(x) + (R(x) / Q(x))
Now, R(x) / Q(x) is a proper rational function.
Letâ€™s now consider some cases related to partial fractions.
Cases of Partial Fractions
The different cases for the partial fractions are discussed below:
Case1: (The denominator can be expressed as a product of nonrepeated linear factors)
Example
Evaluate the given integral
Solution:
Case2: (The denominator can be expressed as a product of linear factors such that some of them are repeating)
Example
Evaluate the given integral
Frequently Asked Questions

What are indefinite Integrals?
An Indefinite Integral is a function that takes the antiderivative of another function. It is the reverse process of differentiation.

What is the Indefinite Integral of 0?
The Indefinite Integral of zero is constant.

What is the meaning of the constant c in Indefinite Integrals?
The constant C is used to include all the antiderivatives of function f. There can be an infinite number of values of c from the set of real numbers. Thus, for any function f, there can be an infinite number of antiderivative possible.

What is the main difference between Indefinite Integrals and Definite Integral?
Definite integrals represent a number (when the lower and upper bound are constants), whereas the indefinite integrals represent a set of functions whose derivatives are the same.
Conclusion
In this article, we have extensively discussed the Indefinite Integrals topic and its implementation.
Here in this blog, we have covered every concept regarding indefinite integrals. We started with the basic introduction definition, moved to different properties, and solved some basic examples.
We hope that this blog has helped you enhance your knowledge regarding Indefinite Integrals and if you would like to learn more, check out our articles on Probability, Permutations and Combinations. Do upvote our blog to help other ninjas grow.
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