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Table of contents
Introduction to Intellectual Property Rights  
Types Of Intellectual Property Rights 
Advantages of Intellectual Property Rights
Intellectual property in Cyberspace
Copyright Infringement
Cyberspace Copyright Issues
Key Takeaways
Last Updated: Mar 27, 2024

Intellectual Property Rights

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Prerita Agarwal
Data Specialist @
23 Jul, 2024 @ 01:30 PM

Introduction to Intellectual Property Rights  

Individuals who are the proprietors and inventors of a work who have developed something with their intellectual creativity are granted intellectual property rights, which are legal rights. Individuals involved in literature, music, innovation, and so on can be given such rights, which they can then employ in their commercial activities.

Exclusive rights are granted to the creator/inventor against any abuse or exploitation of their work without permission. However, to maintain equilibrium, the rights are only provided quickly.

The WIPO(World Intellectual Property Organization) has compiled a list of activities that are protected by intellectual property rights.

  • Industrial layouts
  • Scientific breakthroughs
  • Protection from unjustified competition
  • Works of literature, art, and science
  • Inventions in every sector of human activity
  • Performing artists' performances, phonograms, and broadcasts
  • Trademarks, service marks, commercial names, and designations are all examples of trademarks.
  • All other intellectual property rights arising from industrial, scientific, literary, or creative activity

Types Of Intellectual Property Rights 

To preserve intellectual property rights on Indian soil, India has established constitutional, administrative, and judicial frameworks, whether they refer to copyright, patents, trademarks, industrial designs, or any other aspect of intellectual property rights.

  1. Copyright
    The legal rights that writers and artists enjoy over their literary and creative works are copyright. Copyright protects books, music, art, sculpture, films, computer programs, databases, advertisements, maps, and technical drawings.
  2. Patent
    A patent, an exclusive right granted to the creator, protects an innovation. A patent gives the patent owner the authority to decide how others can use their invention. In exchange for making technical information about the invention publicly available in the published patent document, the patent owner gives up this right.
  3. Trademark
    A trademark is a symbol that distinguishes a company's goods or services from those of other companies. Trademarks date back to old times when artists sign their wares with their signature or "mark."
  4. Industrial Designs 
    An industrial design is the decorative or aesthetic component of a product. A design can be three-dimensional elements like an article's shape or surface or two-dimensional elements like patterns, lines, or colour.
  5. Geographical Designs 
    Geographical indications and appellations of origin are labels applied to products that have a specific geographical origin and have characteristics, a reputation, or characteristics that are mostly related to that area. A geographical indicator generally includes the name of the place where the products were made.
  6. Trade Secrets 
    Trade secrets are intellectual property rights in sensitive knowledge that may be sold or licensed. Unauthorized acquisition, use, or disclosure of such secret information by others in a way inconsistent with ethical business standards is deemed an unfair practice and a violation of trade secret protection.
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Advantages of Intellectual Property Rights

The following are some of the benefits of intellectual property rights:

  • Provides the creators or innovators with exclusive rights.
  • Encourages people to exchange and spread information and data rather than private.
  • Offers legal protection and rewards artists for their efforts.
  • Contributes to social and economic growth.

Intellectual property in Cyberspace

Cyberspace is a virtual environment in which several computers are connected via computer networks and communicate. Cyberspace has grown more accessible to the general public as technology has advanced. As a result of this fact, the Internet has evolved into a business platform, increasing the importance of the intellectual property. Cyberbullying, Fraud, identity theft, and the infringement of countless businesses' and organizations' copyrights and trademarks are all examples of cybercrime today. Because online material must be protected, intellectual property rights and cyber rules cannot be separated.

In Cyberspace, one individual can benefit from another's invention without the owner's approval. This is a breach of privacy, protected by intellectual property rights. We have laws in place to prevent infringements of intellectual property rights in Cyberspace, as well as legal remedies if infringements do occur.

Copyright Infringement

Any published artistic, literary, or scientific work owner is granted copyright protection over his career to prevent others from exploiting it in his name and profiting from it.

Copyright infringement occurs when others use these proprietary creations without the owner's authorization. Copyright infringement occurs when copies of software are created and sold on the Internet without the owner's consent or when content is copied from any online source.

Cyberspace Copyright Issues

Linking - It allows a website user to go to another website on the Internet. By simply clicking on a phrase or picture on one Web page, the user can go to another Web page on a different server or even on the same server as the original one.

The linked web page owner's rights or interests are harmed by linking. It may conclude that the two linked sites are identical and support the same concept. The linked sites may lose money because their revenue is frequently equivalent to the number of people who visit their website.

Software Piracy - The act of stealing legally protected software is known as software piracy. Theft can take several forms, including copying, changing, trading software, or disseminating.

Downloading a copy of a Microsoft product from any source other than Microsoft to avoid paying is an example of software piracy. There are three forms of piracy:

  • Soft lifting
  • Uploading-Downloading
  • Software Counterfeiting


Cybersquatting is the illegal registration and use of Internet domain names that are confusingly similar to a company's trademarks, service marks, or name. Consider the following scenario: Xyz is a well-known corporation that has yet to have a website. A cybersquatter could purchase to sell the domain to Xyz for a profit. The domain name of a prominent corporation may even be utilized to generate attention, and this traffic can allow cybersquatters to earn much money through advertising.

A Domain Name Dispute can occur when more than one person feels they have the right to register a certain domain name. It occurs when a registered trademark is written by someone or something that isn't the brand owner.


  1. What are the trademark issues in Cyberspace?
    A trademark is a mark that can be diagrammatically described, and that may be used to differentiate one person's products or services from those of another. It will include items' shape, packaging, and color combinations. A service mark is a registered trademark that symbolizes a service. Trademark infringement is defined as the unauthorized use of a trademark or service mark to create ambiguity, deception, or misunderstanding about the source of a goods or service. If trademark owners fear their marks are being infringed upon, they can seek legal assistance.
  2. What is software counterfeiting?
    Software counterfeiting is the process of manufacturing fraudulent copies of software that appear to be genuine. This includes delivering the box, CDs, and manuals, all of which are made to seem as close as feasible to the original product. Because of their broad use, Microsoft products are the most typically counterfeited. 
  3. What is the Softlifting?
    Softlifting (also known as softloading) is the most prevalent sort of piracy, which involves sharing software with someone who is not permitted to use it under the license agreement. Softlifting is the practice of obtaining a single licensed copy of the software and then installing it on several computers in violation of the license conditions. It is not easy to discover a software package on a college campus that hasn't been softloaded. People frequently lend programs to their roommates and friends, either unaware that they are doing it or not considering it a huge thing. Softlifting is a frequent practice in both the workplace and at home.

Key Takeaways

In this article, we learned about the introduction of intellectual property rights and what are its types, along with some advantages of intellectual property rights, and discuss in detail intellectual property in Cyberspace

I hope you understand the topic properly. 

If you are a beginner, interested in computer fundamentals, and want to learn more about computer networks, you can look for our guided path, which is free! 

Thank you for reading. 

Until then, Keep Learning and Keep Coding.


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