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Table of contents
Advantages of Azure
Disadvantages of Azure
Frequently Asked Questions
What is the Microsoft Azure certification?
What is Microsoft Azure used for?
What is Microsoft Azure DevOps?
Is Microsoft Azure SaaS, PaaS, or IaaS?
Which are the most popular Microsoft Azure services?
Last Updated: Mar 27, 2024

Introduction to Microsoft Azure

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18 Jun, 2024 @ 01:30 PM


Azure is Microsoft's cloud platform, the same as how Google has Google Cloud and Amazon offers Amazon Web Service (AWS.000). In general, it is a platform that allows us to access Microsoft's resources. To put up a large server, for example, we'll need a lot of money, work, and physical space. Microsoft Azure comes to our aid in such instances. It will give us virtual computers, quick data processing, analytical and monitoring tools, and other tools to help us do our jobs more efficiently. Microsoft azure services are very cost effective and comes with a Pay as you go structure.


Windows Azure was announced by Microsoft in early October 2008, but it did not go live until February 2010. Microsoft changed its name from Windows Azure to Microsoft Azure later in 2014. In February 2010, the Windows Azure platform became commercially available. That’s right, it has been about 10 years since the start of Azure. 

Microsoft has improved Azure dramatically over time. It also added support for a wide variety of programming languages, frameworks, and operating systems, including Linux. Recognizing that its cloud computing service had moved far beyond Windows, the company renamed Windows Azure Microsoft Azure in April 2014. Microsoft continued to expand its cloud capabilities by increasing support for open-source software. Azure has become a comprehensive, robust cloud platform for not only IaaS but also PaaS cloud computing models.

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azure architecture

Figure: Azure Architecture (Mastering Cloud Computing, a book authored by Rajkumar Buyya)

Virtualization is a technique that Azure, like other cloud platforms, uses. The vast majority of computer hardware can be emulated in software. Software instructions are mapped to hardware instructions via emulation layers. Emulation layers enable virtualized hardware to run in software as if it were real hardware.

Each data center has a server rack containing a group of servers. Each server rack has many server blades as well as a network switch. Racks are occasionally paired together to form clusters, which are bigger units.

The server racks, or clusters, are selected to operate the user's virtualized hardware instances. Some servers, however, use fabric controller software, which is cloud management software. The fabric controller is a distributed program that handles a variety of tasks. It assigns services, checks the servers and the services running on them for health, and restores servers when they fail.

Each fabric controller instance is connected to a separate set of servers running cloud orchestration software, referred to as the front end. The web services, RESTful APIs, and internal Azure databases that are utilized for all cloud functions are hosted on the front end.

The front end, for example, houses the services that process consumer requests. Azure Virtual Machines and Azure Cosmos DB are among the Azure resources and services allocated by the requests. The front end checks to see if the user has permission to allocate the desired resources. If this is the case, the front end searches a database for a server rack with enough capacity, instructing the fabric controller to assign the resource.

Azure is a massive network of servers and networking equipment that operates a complicated mix of distributed applications. The setup and operation of virtualized hardware and software on such servers are orchestrated by these programs. Users don't have to maintain or upgrade their hardware because Azure takes care of it for them.

Advantages of Azure

Some of the benefits of adopting Microsoft Azure are as follows:

High Availability: This refers to the quality of computer infrastructure that permits it to keep working even when some of its components fail.

Data Security: Azure offers a variety of tools for securing data in the cloud, including Microsoft Defender for Cloud, Key Vault, Azure Information Protection, and others.

Scalability: Azure supports two forms of scalability, vertical and horizontal scaling, to handle the load by increasing or decreasing resource capacity.

Disadvantages of Azure

The following are some of the major drawbacks of adopting Microsoft Azure:

Platform expertise is required: The processing capacity of on-premise servers does not convert equivocally to the cloud, and can possibly cost enterprises.

Management is required: Azure supports multiple platforms, each of which needs skilled management and maintenance, which includes patching and server monitoring.

Check out Microsoft Interview Experience to learn about their hiring process.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the Microsoft Azure certification?

The certification verifies your understanding of cloud services and how they are delivered using Azure. Candidates should have a basic understanding of cloud principles, as well as Azure services, workloads, security, privacy, pricing, and support.

What is Microsoft Azure used for?

Microsoft Azure is the company's public cloud computing platform, formerly known as Windows Azure. It offers computation, analytics, storage, and networking as well as other cloud services.

What is Microsoft Azure DevOps?

Microsoft's Azure DevOps platform is an Applications as a Service (SaaS) platform that offers a complete DevOps toolchain for building and distributing software. It also connects with the majority of popular tools, making it an excellent choice for coordinating a DevOps toolchain.

Is Microsoft Azure SaaS, PaaS, or IaaS?

Microsoft Azure is a cloud computing service that allows you to design, manage, deploy, and test applications and services. The three alternatives available (SaaS) are infrastructure as a service (IaaS), platform as a service (PaaS), and software as a service.

Which are the most popular Microsoft Azure services?

Microsoft Azure Services include Azure DevOps, Azure Blob Storage, Azure Virtual Machines, Azure Backup, Azure Cosmos DB, Azure Logic Apps, Azure Active Directory, API administration, Azure Content Delivery Network, Azure Site Recovery, and Azure Bots.


In this article, we discussed what Microsoft Azure is and how it works. We hope that this blog has helped you to get to know more about Microsoft Azure. To learn more, view articles like Introduction to Cloud Computing and Cloud Computing Technologies articles on Coding Ninjas Studio. Do upvote our blog to help other ninjas grow. Happy Coding!

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