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Table of contents
1.
Introduction
2.
IoT’s role in rural sectors
2.1.
Agriculture
2.2.
Smart Villages
2.3.
Energy Management System
2.4.
Smart Irrigation System
2.5.
Waste Management System
3.
Emerging IoT technology for rural development
4.
Benefits of IoT in rural development
5.
Future Scope
6.
Frequently Asked Questions
6.1.
What can digital twins be used for?
6.2.
Which sensors are used in a smart irrigation system?
6.3.
What are the challenges regarding IoT’s role in agriculture?
7.
Conclusion
Last Updated: Mar 27, 2024

IoT in rural development

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Speaker
Prerita Agarwal
Data Specialist @
23 Jul, 2024 @ 01:30 PM

Introduction

The Internet of Things (IoT), along with large-scale open data sets on weather and yields, drone technology, and smart tractors, are ushering in a new era of data-driven farming. In the agriculture industry, digital technologies will become as vital as traditional farming instruments in the future.

In the rural sector, IoT brings together a variety of industries, including agriculture, telecommunications, digital instrumentation, and industrialised production systems.

In this article, we will understand the role IoT plays in rural development and how it has benefitted its industry immensely.

 

Source

IoT’s role in rural sectors

Agriculture

IoT and remote sensing have aided in the discovery of many innovations in the field of agriculture. Many companies have invested in this area. Companies have, for example, utilised farm photos to map and anticipate farm yields. Companies have employed science-based analytics tools for planting, precision seeding, and genetic gain. Farmers can now employ sensors and analytics to track cattle movement and health and use IoT to assist disease identification and prevention.

Several studies have previously looked into the influence of mobile phone communications on agricultural communities. Phones are used to share social and business information, micro-coordinate activities, expand markets and plan livestock operations. The government is working hard to make mobile phones cheaper for farmers and expand network coverage. IoT will intensify and expand this influence.

Smart Villages

Rural areas in our country have lagged behind cities in to access even basic amenities. They require essential infrastructure like roads, drinking water and power. For the country's general progress and development, villages, rather than cities, must be made smart.

Smart Village development allows for the availability of primary education and healthcare, improved energy management, sanitation, water conservation, increased security, gender equality, and the establishment of productive enterprises to raise incomes and democratic involvement using IoT technologies.

The planned components of the smart villages are:

  • Education Systems
  • Sanitation Models
  • Waste Management Systems
  • Better inter-village connectivity
  • Digital Literacy Centres
  • Mobile Healthcare Services
  • Better lighting infrastructure

Energy Management System

Due to advancements in the communication layer and the construction of a two-way infrastructure for real-time communication between individuals and the utility, the issues in load control for the power grid are now more critical than ever. To improve grid security and dependability, the smart grid operator can be given access to IoT technology.

The practice of monitoring, managing, and saving energy in a building or organisation is known as smart energy management. It may also be characterised as an energy management plan that employs systems and procedures to decrease energy use. Usually, it involves the following steps:

  1. Keeping track of energy usage and gathering data by using IoT.
  2. IoT can help identify energy-saving possibilities and evaluate how much energy each could save. Typically, it would examine the metre data to identify and quantify usual energy waste.
  3. Analyse your metre data to evaluate how effectively the energy-saving measures have worked and keep track of progress.

Smart Irrigation System

A good irrigation system is essential for a profitable agricultural output. Water for irrigation must be distributed across large fields in precise quantities to match the demand to maximise efficiency. This can be achieved by using the latest IoT technologies.

Source

An automated irrigation system can be made in charge of monitoring and controlling numerous elements obtained from the field, such as humidity, water level, temperature, and human contact. This system comprises controllers and a wireless sensor network that transmits the discovered data. Various automated systems that assist farmers can help increase production. Sensors may be installed anywhere in the field, and the system is temperature tested. IoT devices can use all the data gathered from these sensors to make the most effective decision.

Waste Management System

The growth in the rural population has led to a similar increase in the waste produced by these communities. This has put up an incredible load on traditional, outdated waste management systems across the country. The current system is wasteful and expects too much from garbage collectors.

Source

A smart waste management system can use bins with embedded sensors to check the waste level status. A secure cloud server can keep track of all these bins. IoT can also help optimise routes to get the most urgent sites out of the way first. This would be more efficient and helpful for the garbage collector and save fuel costs for the municipality.

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Emerging IoT technology for rural development

IoT is particularly well-suited to India's startup environment, which is currently the world's third-largest and creates the potential for participants across the value chain. The Indian IoT ecosystem is dominated by startups (60–65 per cent), and many are focused on agriculture. These startups are focussing on bringing the most innovative solutions to the problems farmers face.

Avanijal, a startup, has created an app-based system that leverages IoT to irrigate fields while saving water for farmers. It aims to address the issue of irrigation, particularly for small farmers who utilise drip or sprinkler systems, at a time when water is becoming a more limited and valuable resource. Using a mix of installed IoT sensors and activators, as well as mobile apps, they may now be controlled remotely.

Stellapps Technologies has linked IoT with workflow systems for dairy farms, co-ops, and private dairies in the dairy industry. The solution, which was developed at IIT Madras' Rural Technology Business Incubator (RTBI), helps increase the efficiency and quality of India's dairy industry. Stellapps' solutions include IoT, automation, and knowledge-based solutions that optimise the milk production process while also monitoring the cattle's health. Fodder monitoring, livestock housing, and the installation of biogas power plants are among the operations covered.

The most promising of all emerging technologies is the digital twin tech. It could have an immense effect on rural development. In agriculture, digital twins can help farmers make better use of their equipment. A digital twin is a duplicate of a physical system that is always learning. Such digital models may provide comprehensive insights on each physical asset through continuous learning, allowing them to monitor agricultural equipment performance and decrease downtime.

Source

To summarise, IoT can enhance rural communities' ability to become economic drivers and value producers, as well as provide new job prospects. There will be exponential improvements in inexpensive IoT, storage, and bandwidth in the next years, resulting in new options for creativity and productivity. Thinking beyond the box, imagining new possibilities, and bringing them to reality is an essential task.

Benefits of IoT in rural development

The state has long laboured to bring rural areas up to step with the cities of the country but progress has been slow. Resource allocation, development of rural technology and administrative apathy have all led to the sorry state of the rural sector. IoT has the potential to disrupt this state.

The progress made by IoT tech in agriculture can lead to a boom in production, the smart cities model can bring villages closer to what cities have achieved in security and convenience and smarter energy systems can handle the scarce resources villages get much better.

Future Scope

As we saw, there has been a burgeoning interest in the upliftment of the rural sectors using IoT technology. An immense number of startups have continued to bring innovations and capital into this sector. New IoT technologies like digital twins and smart village models could be massively successful in helping the government with its poverty alleviation and pro-agriculture programs. All it requires is the continued support and steady financing of the IoT industries in the rural sector.

Check out this article - Components Of IOT

Frequently Asked Questions

What can digital twins be used for?

The digital twin technology can be used to reproduce processes in order to collect data and anticipate how they will perform, in addition to tracking real assets. A digital twin is, basically, a computer software that creates simulations based on real-world data to forecast how a product or process will perform.

Which sensors are used in a smart irrigation system?

DHT11 sensor (to measure temperature and humidity), Soil Moisture Sensor, GSM Modem, ultrasonic sensor etc. are used in this system, and the sensor parameters are used to give farmers an automated way to irrigate their crops and check the tank.

What are the challenges regarding IoT’s role in agriculture?

The agriculture sector's major obstacles with IoT include a lack of information, high adoption costs, and security issues, among others. The majority of farmers are unaware of the use of IoT in agriculture.

Conclusion

This article discusses the role of IoT in rural development, its benefits and its applications.

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