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Last Updated: Mar 27, 2024

Multilevel Association Rule in Data Mining

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Speaker
Prerita Agarwal
Data Specialist @
23 Jul, 2024 @ 01:30 PM

Introduction

In this broad scope of data mining, getting insightful information from the data becomes challenging. The Multilevel Association Rule in Data Mining is one technique that helps to analyze complex datasets. It analyzes the hierarchical structures and hidden patterns or associations between various different levels of hierarchy.

Multilevel Association Rule in Data Mining

In this article, we will talk about the Multilevel Association Rule in Data Mining. We will also see some algorithms and approaches used in the rule. Toward the end, we will discuss its applications and challenges.  

What is the Association Rule in Data Mining?

Association Rule in Data Mining is a technique used to discover relationships between different items in a dataset. It is majorly used in transactional Databases to find dependencies and associations between items. Transactional databases are used to handle transactions efficiently and reliably. It is based on the ACID (Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation, Durability) properties to maintain data integrity. The rule also shows the frequency of an item occurring in a transaction. 

Association rules are based on 'if-else' statements. For example, If C, then N, this means that if C set of items is present, then N set of items is likely to be present. The if element is known as antecedent, while the else element is known as consequent. There are three key terms involved in association rule mining, namely: 

  1. Support: Same as frequency, it shows how frequently an item occurs in a dataset.
     
  2. Confidence: Has the measure of how often the rule is true.
     
  3. Lift: Defines the strength of any rule.
     

Apriori algorithm is a well known algorithm used for association rules in mining. It is based on the “apriori” property which states that if a data item is frequent, then its subset should also be frequent. It is an iterative algorithm which helps in discovering frequent data items in the dataset. It works by creating candidate item sets and removing those which do not meet the thresholds of support and confidence.

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Multilevel Association Rule in Data Mining

The multilevel Association Rule is an extension of the concept of an association rule, which identifies relationships and patterns across multiple levels in data mining. The Multilevel Association rule extends the traditional association rule by considering the hierarchical structure of data. There are two types of association rules in multilevel, namely:

  1. Intra-level Association Rule
    These rules recognize patterns or relationships within a hierarchy level in data items. The rule involves data items that are at the same level or belong to the same category in the hierarchy.
     
  2. Inter-level Association Rule
    In contrast to the intra-level association rule, the inter-level association rule finds patterns across different levels of hierarchies. The rule involves data items from different levels or belonging to different categories in the hierarchy.

Algorithms for Multilevel Association Rule in Data Mining

There are different types of algorithms used for the Multilevel Association Rule. Broadly, there are three categories of algorithms used:

  1. Partition based algorithms
    As the name suggests, partition-based algorithms divide the data into subsets or partitions. Therefore, these algorithms help to reduce the complexity of complex and large datasets. Partitions are based on criteria like mine association rules, levels of granularity, etc. Mining association rules are used for discovering associations or relationships between data items while levels of granularity refers to the different levels at which data items can be clustered. It determines the number and size of clusters formed.
     
  2. Agglomerative Algorithms
    These algorithms start with small data items and gradually merge them into bigger or larger items until a termination condition is met. Agglomerative algorithms are simple and can handle various types of data.
     
  3. Hybrid Algorithms
    These algorithms are a combination of partition-based algorithms and agglomerative algorithms. These algorithms provide the complementary strengths of different techniques, which provides better performance and flexibility in solving complex problems.

Approaches to Multilevel Association Rule in Data Mining

There are different approaches for finding relationships between items at various different levels:

Uniform Support

This approach uses a minimum support threshold for all levels. The approach is simple as we have to decide only a single threshold value that will be used for all the levels. However, selecting the minimum support threshold value could be difficult if the value is too high. It could miss meaningful associations which occur at low abstraction levels, or if the value selected is low, then lower levels of data abstraction items would also qualify. However, it is unlikely that low levels of data abstraction would occur so frequently as high levels of abstraction.

Reduced Support

It uses a reduced minimum support for the lower levels. A lower minimum support threshold is chosen for the lower levels, which prevents missing out on important associations at the lower levels. There are various techniques used in this technique, namely:

  • Level-by-Level Independence
    The rule states that the association rules at one level of the hierarchy are independent of the rules at other levels. In simple words, it means that the association rules at a particular level do not influence the association rules at other levels.
     
  • Level-cross-separating by single item
    The approach involves identifying items that act as separators between different levels of hierarchy. The items have significant support at one level but comparatively lower support at other levels.
     
  • Level-cross-separating by K-item set
    The approach is the same as the above one, but instead of a single item, K-items are used as separators to separate different levels within the hierarchy.

Group-Based Support

It uses the item or group-based support where the user sets the confidence and supports based on a product category or specific group. For example, if a user wants to study purchase patterns of clothes and laptops in the electric and non-electric categories. Therefore, a low support threshold can be used to give attention to the purchase patterns of these items.

Applications of Multilevel Association Rule in Data Mining

Some of the applications of the Multilevel Association Rule in Data Mining are:
 

  1. Healthcare Management
    The rule helps identify patterns based on a patient's history and behavior, diagnose diseases, and thus optimize the treatment plans.
     
  2. Social Network Analysis 
    It helps in finding associations and relationships between users, groups, and communities. This association helps in targeted marketing and understanding the behavior of users.
     
  3. Supply Chain Management
    It finds associations between supplies, products, and other supply chain elements. This information can help in optimizing the supply chain.
     
  4. Fraud Detection
    The rule helps find anomalies, identify fraud patterns, and prevent fraud in industries like insurance, finance, etc.

Challenges in Multilevel Association Rule in Data Mining

There are several challenges in the Multilevel Association Rule in Data Mining. Some of them are:

  • Hierarchy Complexity: It can be difficult to deal with complex hierarchical data sets with multiple branches, levels, and interdependencies.
     
  • Interpretation of Rules: Multilevel association rule in Data Mining generates many rules, making their interpretation difficult and complex to follow.
     
  • Scalability: When the size of the datasets increases, it becomes difficult to manage as it can lead to a large number of attributes that becomes difficult to handle.
     
  • Security: A user might have some critical or sensitive data while working with the multilevel association rule. Data security and privacy is a challenge in multilevel association rules.

Frequently Asked Questions 

What is the Multilevel Association Rule in Data Mining?

The Multilevel Association Rule is an extension of the concept of an association rule, which identifies relationships and patterns across multiple levels in data mining. The Multilevel Association rule extends the traditional association rule by considering the hierarchical structure of data.

What are Agglomerative Algorithms?

Agglomerative algorithms start with small data items and then gradually merge these data items into bigger or larger items until a termination condition is met. Agglomerative algorithms are simple and can handle various types of data.

What is the uniform support approach in the Multilevel Association Rule?

The Uniform Support approach uses a minimum support threshold for all levels. The approach is simple as we have to decide only a single threshold value that will be used for all the levels. 

Conclusion

In this article, we have discussed the Multilevel Association Rule in Data Mining. To learn more about association rules in data mining, you can refer to the below-mentioned article:

Association Rule Learning

We hope this article has helped you understand the Multilevel Association Rule. If this article helped you in any way, then you can read more such articles on our platform, Coding Ninjas Studio. You will find articles on almost every topic on our platform. Also, for cracking good product-based companies, you can practise coding questions at Coding Ninjas. For interview preparations, you can read the Interview Experiences of popular companies.
 

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Topics covered
1.
Introduction
2.
What is the Association Rule in Data Mining?
3.
Multilevel Association Rule in Data Mining
4.
Algorithms for Multilevel Association Rule in Data Mining
5.
Approaches to Multilevel Association Rule in Data Mining
5.1.
Uniform Support
5.2.
Reduced Support
5.3.
Group-Based Support
6.
Applications of Multilevel Association Rule in Data Mining
7.
Challenges in Multilevel Association Rule in Data Mining
8.
Frequently Asked Questions 
8.1.
What is the Multilevel Association Rule in Data Mining?
8.2.
What are Agglomerative Algorithms?
8.3.
What is the uniform support approach in the Multilevel Association Rule?
9.
Conclusion