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Table of contents
What is MVC Architecture
The Three Main Components of MVC
Advantages of MVC Architecture
Disadvantages of MVC Architecture
Frequently Asked Question
Key Takeaways
Last Updated: Mar 27, 2024

MVC Architecture

Author Juhi Sinha
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Many software design patterns can be used to create applications. The approach of designing the User Interface, building the business logic, and coding the logic part for the application was prepared and programmed in a single file during the initial periods of application development. Due to this, there was a lack of maintenance, which made application testing difficult and reduced the scalability of any application.


In this article, we are going to learn how to tackle these problems using MVC architecture. So, without any further ado, let's get started!

What is MVC Architecture

MVC stands for model-view-controller architecture. It was initially designed for desktop graphical user interfaces. Now, MVC has become very popular for developing web applications and mobile desktops, and other clients. It divides a given application into three parts that are all connected. When the software applications were first designed, everything was on the same machine. That is, frontend, backend, and processing code were all processed on the same machine. But later, a tiered approach was introduced, in which a specific part of code is separated and written separately. 


The Model View Controller design pattern includes a data model, presentation information, and control information are all included in the Model View Controller (MVC) design pattern. Each of these must be separated into separate objects according to the pattern.


MVC is more of an architectural pattern than a full-fledged application. MVC is primarily concerned with an application's user interface (UI). MVC is widely used in popular programming languages such as Java, C#, Ruby, PHP, and others. 



                                                          The original MVC

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The Three Main Components of MVC


Model: The model contains the application's business logic and is responsible for data maintenance. Only the pure application data is stored in the model. There is no logic describing how the data should be presented to a user.


View: The view denotes the user interface through which end-users interact. The view knows how to get to the data in the model. But it has no idea what it means or what the user can do with it.


Controller: Between the view and the model is the controller. The controller is the one who responds to the user's actions. The respective controller responds within the model based on the user actions and chooses a view to render that displays the user interface. The controller is where the user input logic is kept.


                                                             Design Components

Advantages of MVC Architecture

The advantages of MVC architecture are as follows:


  • Multiple developers can work on the model, controller, and views at the same time.
  • Multiple views are possible for models.
  • Convenient to maintain and manage.
  • MVC allows related actions on a controller to be logically grouped. A specific model's views are also grouped.
  • The MVC framework separates the user interface, business logic, and data.
  • MVC framework improves the testability of web applications and provides excellent support for test-driven development.

Disadvantages of MVC Architecture

The disadvantages of MVC architecture are as follows:


  • It becomes a necessity to get familiar with a variety of technologies for MVC developers. 
  • It requires users to adapt to MVC's decomposition criteria. The framework navigation can be complicated.

Also Read, Front End Web Development

Frequently Asked Question


Q1) What is the purpose of MVC architecture?


Answer: MVC allows for parallel and rapid development. When an MVC model is used to develop a web application, one programmer may work on the view while the other works on the controller to create the web application's business logic.


Q2) Is the MVC architecture layered?


Answer: The MVC pattern is a three-layered architecture. It distinguishes between application characteristics. The first layer is concerned with user input logic, the second with business logic, and the third with the implementation of user interface logic.


Q3) Why is MVC better than asp net?


Answer: The MVC framework separates the user interface, business logic, model, and data. On the other hand, we could say it separates program logic from the user interface. The MVC framework gives more control over HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

Key Takeaways

In this article, we've learned about MVC architecture and its advantages as well as disadvantages in detail. 

Recommended Reading: 

Instruction Format in Computer Architecture

Apart from this, you can also expand your knowledge by referring to these articles on ASP.NET and ASP Full Form.

If you want to learn advanced front-end web development, Coding Ninjas has one of the best courses available, which you can find here


Thank you for reading!


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