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Table of contents
Types of Database Management Systems
What is MySQL?
What is MS SQL?
Difference between MySQL and MS SQL
Frequently Asked Questions
Is it possible to run MS SQL on non-window operating systems?
What are the advantages of using MS SQL over MySQL?
Which one out of MySQL and MS SQL is recommended for small-scale projects and large-scale projects?
Last Updated: Mar 27, 2024


Author Aayush Sharma
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MySQL and MS SQL are two of the most popular Relational Database Management Systems (RDBMS) used today. MS SQL and MySQL are mighty and useful RDBMS systems businesses use to cater to their needs.

mysql vs mssql

This blog will discuss the differences between MySQL and MS SQL in detail. We will study Relational Database Management Systems in particular. We will also discuss MySQL and MS SQL one at a time and analyze some of their most common differences. But first, let us learn a bit more about RDBMS in detail.

Types of Database Management Systems

Database Management Systems are software designed for the users to manage and perform database operations more efficiently. These operations include Create, Update, Replace, Delete, etc. Database Management Systems provide us with tools to perform these operations.

types of database management systems

Databases can be categorized into two main categories: Relational Databases and Non-Relational Databases. Relational Databases are those types of databases that store data in the form of tables and columns. Common examples of Relational Databases include Oracle, MySQL, Microsoft SQL Server, etc.

On the other hand, Non-Relational Databases are specially designed to handle unstructured data with ease. One of the most common examples of Non-relational databases includes MongoDB, which stores data in the form of JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) like objects.

We will discuss two of the most popular Relational Database Management Systems, MS SQL and MySQL. Both MySQL and MS SQL store data as tables using rows and columns. In the following few sections, we will discuss them in detail.

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What is MySQL?

MySQL is an open-source RDBMS that developers use for data management. MySQL is a type of RDBMS that stores data in the form of tables in the memory. Each table is made up of a large number of rows and columns. In any table each column refers to the data field and each row refers to a unique entry. MySQL uses Structure Query Language (SQL) to provide functionalities like table creation, updation, querying etc.

mysql logo

Many applications use MySQL to store data in their system database. These applications first retrieve the data from the user and then store it in the organization's or the business's database. The data is stored in the form of rows and tables and can then be retrieved or updated by the organization.

In today's scenario, MySQL is a very popular database choice as it can support multiple programming languages. MySQL has support for many programming languages like Python, Java, PHP etc. This makes it easy for the user to choose between multiple options and select the best according to their needs and capabilities. MySQL is also renowned for its robust security features and support. Since MySQL is open-source, it has a very large community of developers and forums. This makes it easier for a beginner to use MySQL. MySQL also has many plugins and extensions that integrate easily with other components of the applications.

What is MS SQL?

MS SQL is a very powerful enterprise-level relational database management system (RDBMS) developed by Microsoft corporation. Similar to MySQL database, MS SQL is also a relational database system. MS Sql is designed to provide all the functionalities that the users may require. These functionalities include creation, updation, deletion, and querying while maintaining the security and integrity of the database.

ms sql logo

MS SQL has the ability to efficiently manage data using tables, views, triggers etc. MS SQL uses Transact-SQL to execute queries and data manipulation commands. Transact-SQL or T-SQL is an extension of the commonly used SQL language in MS SQL.

MS SQL provides robust authentication mechanisms and security features to ensure the privacy of the user data. It also provides encryption options to save the data from being vulnerable in online data breaches.

Microsoft provides complete step-by-step documentation on the usage of MS SQL in detail. MS SQL also has a very large-community, making it very easy for the users to get assistance.

Difference between MySQL and MS SQL

Now that we know about MySQL and MS SQL, we will discuss their critical differences in this section.

Some of the key differences between MySQL and MS SQL database Management Systems are in a tabular format below.



MySQL is owned by the Oracle corporation.

MS SQL is owned by Microsoft Corporation.

MySQL database is generally suitable for small-scale projects.

MS SQL DBMS is generally preferred for large-scale enterprise solutions.

MySQL does not have its own procedural language.

MS SQL has its own procedural language known as T-SQL.

MySQL supports other programming languages like Python, PHP, Java, etc.

MS SQL DBMS does not support any other programming language.

MySQL DBMS is open-source.

MS SQL is not open-source.

MySQL is free to use.

MS SQL is a paid software.

MySQL has limited data types available as compared to MS SQL.

MS SQL has additional data types that can be used.

MySQL has a smaller feature set and is simple to use.

Due to MS SQL being an enterprise solution, it has a comparatively larger feature set.

MySQL blocks the database while backing up data.

MS SQL does not block the database white data backup.

MySQL does not allow any query to be canceled while it is being executed.

MS SQL allows the user to stop the query without killing the complete process.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is it possible to run MS SQL on non-window operating systems?

MS SQL provides support for various platforms like LINUX and MACOS. This increases the versatility of MS SQL and makes it possible to run MS SQL on other operating systems.

What are the advantages of using MS SQL over MySQL?

Since MS SQL is an enterprise-level software solution, it is continuously updated by the Microsoft organization. These updates are necessary for the product to remain competitive in the market.

Which one out of MySQL and MS SQL is recommended for small-scale projects and large-scale projects?

Out of MySQL and MS SQL, MySQL is preferred for small-scale projects. This is because MySQL is open-source and easy to use. On the other hand, for large-scale business solutions, MS SQL is preferred.

Refer to know about :  Update Query in MySQL


In this article, we discussed MySQL vs MS SQL. We discussed Relational Database Management Systems in detail. We also discussed MySQL and MS SQL RDBMS in detail. In the end, we concluded by discussing some key differences between MySQL and MS SQL and some frequently asked questions.

So now that you know about the differences between MySQL and MS SQL, you can refer to similar articles.

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