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Table of contents
1.
Introduction
2.
Types of Database Management Systems
3.
What is MySQL?
4.
What is Oracle?
5.
Difference between MySQL and Oracle
6.
Frequently Asked Questions
6.1.
Which one out of MySQL and Oracle is recommended for small-scale projects and large-scale projects?
6.2.
Is it possible to use Oracle for real-time processing?
6.3.
How is the language support of Oracle and MySQL databases?
7.
Conclusion
Last Updated: Mar 27, 2024
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MySQL vs Oracle

Author Aayush Sharma
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Introduction

MySQL and Oracle are two of the most popular types of Relational Database Management Systems (RDBMS) used today. Oracle and MySQL are mighty and useful RDBMS systems businesses use to cater to their needs.

mysql vs oracle

This blog will discuss the differences between MySQL and Oracle in detail. We will study Relational Database Management Systems in brief. We will also discuss MySQL and Oracle databases separately and examine some of their most common differences.

But first, let us learn a bit more about RDBMS.

Types of Database Management Systems

Database Management Systems are software designed for the users to manage and perform database operations more efficiently. These operations include Create, Update, Replace, Delete, etc. Database Management Systems provide us with tools to perform these operations.

types of database management systems

Databases can be categorized into two main categories: Relational Databases and Non-Relational Databases. Relational Databases are those types of databases that store data in the form of tables and columns. Common examples of Relational Databases include Oracle, MySQL, Microsoft SQL Server, etc.

On the other hand, Non-Relational Databases are specially designed to handle unstructured data with ease. One of the most common examples of Non-relational databases includes MongoDB, which stores data in the form of JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) like objects.

This blog will mainly focus on two of the most popular Relational Database Management Systems, Oracle and MySQL. Both Oracle and MySQL store data as tables using rows and columns. In the following few sections, we will discuss them in detail.

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What is MySQL?

MySQL is an open-source RDBMS that is used extensively by developers for data management. Since MySQL is an RDBMS, it stores data in the form of tables consisting of rows and columns. Each row corresponds to a unique entry in the database. MySQL uses SQL (Structured Query Language) to provide functionalities like creating tables, modifying entries, querying in the table, etc., to the user.

mysql logo

MySQL is used predominantly in applications to store data for future use. The applications are built to get the response from the user and then store them in respective tables in the form of rows and columns. This data can then be edited, retrieved, or even deleted by the user.

MySQL is a very popular choice of database due to its support of multiple programming languages. Whether it is Python, Java, or PHP, MySQL has support for all of these languages. This makes it a very good choice for the users depending on the tech-stack used in their application. MySQL is also known for its stability and reliability and the huge amount of user support it has. Since MySQL is open-source, it has a very large community of developers and forums. This makes it easier for a beginner to use MySQL. Moreover, due to being open-source, users have developed many plugins and tools that make MySQL even more easy to use.

What is Oracle?

Oracle was founded in 1977 and has since become one of the biggest corporations in the world. Similar to MySQL, Oracle is also a Relational Database Management System. Oracle database is designed to provide all the functionalities the user requires, like creationupdationdeletionand querying, while maintaining the security and integrity of the database.

oracle logo

Oracle database is known for its reliability and security features. It can easily handle large-scale and complex databases making it a widely adopted choice for businesses to manage their data. Oracle database is optimized to provide efficient query execution and fast data retrieval.

Oracle has developed its procedural programming language known as PL/SQL. This language provides users with additional functionalities like loopsconditional statements, and exception handling. As a downside of this, Oracle does not support any other programming languages like SQL.

Oracle has an extensive network of support centers and a massive community of users, making getting assistance easier. Oracle DBMS can also be deployed on the cloud with the help of the Oracle Cloud Infrastructure). 

Difference between MySQL and Oracle

Now that we know about MySQL and Oracle, we will discuss their critical differences in this section.

Some of the key differences between MySQL and Oracle database Management Systems are in a tabular format below.

MySQL Oracle
MySQL does not have its procedural language. Oracle has its procedural language known as PL/SQL.
MySQL database is suitable for small-scale projects. Oracle DBMS is generally preferred for large-scale enterprise solutions.
MySQL supports other programming languages like Python, PHP, Java, etc. Oracle DBMS does not support any other programming language.
MySQL DBMS is open-source. The Oracle corporation owns Oracle DBMS.
MySQL is free to use. Oracle is a paid software.
MySQL provides basic security and authentication features. Oracle has more robust and advanced security features.
MySQL has a smaller feature set and is simple to use. Due to Oracle being an enterprise level solution, it has a comparatively larger feature set.
MySQL does not support data partitioning. Oracle supports data partitioning.
MySQL does not have server-side scripting. Oracle supports server side scripting.

Frequently Asked Questions

Which one out of MySQL and Oracle is recommended for small-scale projects and large-scale projects?

Out of MySQL and Oracle, MySQL is preferred for small-scale projects. This is because MySQL is open-source and easy to use. On the other hand, for large-scale business solutions, Oracle is preferred.

Is it possible to use Oracle for real-time processing?

Yes, it is possible to use Oracle for real-time processing. Oracle comes with built-in features like in-memory processing and caching functionality. These features allow the user to perform real-time operations on the database.

How is the language support of Oracle and MySQL databases?

Oracle has its procedural programming language called PL(Procedural Language). PL is an extension of SQL, providing in-built functionalities like loops, conditional statements, etc. On the other hand, MySQL does not have its procedural language but supports different programming languages like Python and Java.

Conclusion

In this article, we discussed MySQL vs Oracle. We discussed Relational Database Management Systems in detail. We also discussed MySQL and Oracle RDBMS in detail. In the end, we concluded by discussing some key differences between MySQL and Oracle and some frequently asked questions.

So now that you know about the differences between MySQL and Oracle, you can refer to similar articles.
 

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