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Table of contents
Roadmap to Crack OCFA Database
Exam 1Z0-006 Preparation
Prerequisites Required
Skills Needed
Job Opportunities for OCFA Database
Top Job Roles
Best Job Locations
Ranges of Salary
Resources for Preparation
ER Diagrams and Relational Models
Database Design and Normalisation
File Organisation
Indexing in Databases
Frequently Asked Questions
What is Oracle Certified Foundations Associate Database Certification?
Do candidates need to know how to program?
What are the advantages of obtaining Oracle certification?
Is there any future after this certification?
Last Updated: Jun 28, 2024

Oracle Certified Foundations Associate Database

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The OCFA Database (Oracle Certified Foundations Associate Database) credential demonstrates practical database knowledge and skills. Preparing for the Oracle Certified Foundations Associate Database | 1Z0-006 examination and gaining the related certification provides us with a basic level of programming and database conceptual understanding and skills and demonstrates our ability. 

This certification also demonstrates our ability to advance to a greater level of skill, knowledge, and certification during your early career, making you a valuable asset to your organization.

The Oracle Certified Foundations Associate, Database certification is intended for students in two-year colleges, secondary schools, and four-year colleges and universities who have participated in the Oracle Academy program and / or are studying computer science, including relevant database curricula, as well as faculty members who teach database and computer science classes, and those who are just starting their database careers.

Roadmap to Crack OCFA Database

Exam 1Z0-006 Preparation

Examination Format: Multiple Choice

Duration: 150 minutes

Exam Price: ₹7153

Number of Questions: 75

Passing score: 60%

Validation: The exam has been validated against Oracle Database v12.


Please take a look at our well-organized tips below to help you prepare for the Oracle Certified Foundations Associate Database and ace it like a ninja!


To prepare for your examination, you can take help of the following courses (optional):

A combination of Oracle instruction and hands-on experience is the best preparation for passing the exam (obtained through labs and field experience).


Prepare for the exam topics given below:

What is a Database?

Database Concepts:

  • Explain the elements of a database system.
  • Describe the function of a database.


Models of Database Types:

  • Describe the various types of database models (relational, object-oriented, flat, network, etc.).
  • Discuss the differences between the various types of databases.


Concepts of Relational Databases:

  • Describe the features of a relational database.
  • Describe the significance of relational databases in business.
  • List the major changes in database technology.


Defining Data Abstraction Levels:

  • Define the database storage terminology.
  • Explain the various levels of data abstraction used in relational databases.


Gathering Database Design Requirements:

  • Collect requirements for implementing a database solution.
  • Describe the business rules.
Database and Data Modeling Language

Creating a Database Table:

  • Describe the structure of a single table.


Conceptual Data Modeling:

  • Explain a conceptual data model.
  • Describe the elements of a conceptual/logical model.


Instance and Schema Definition in Relational Databases:

  • Examine Examples of Entities and Their Corresponding Tables.
  • Examine examples of attributes and the columns that correspond to them.
  • Explain relational database instances and schemas.


Making Use of Unique Identifiers, Primary and Foreign Keys:

  • Determine unique identifiers and a primary key for each.
  • Define the terms composite and compound primary keys.
  • Define relationships and the foreign keys that go with them.
  • Define barred relationships and the primary keys that go with them.
Creating the Physical Model with Data Modeling

Make Physical Data Models:

  • Build a physical data model.
  • Compare and contrast conceptual and physical data models.


Business Requirements and Rules Documentation:

  • Explain the significance of communicating clearly and accurately capturing database information requirements.
  • Determine the structural business rules.
  • Determine business procedures.
  • Determine which business rules must be enforced through additional programming (e.g., SQL)


Defining Entity Relationships Between Supertypes and Subtypes:

  • Give an example of an entity.
  • Define the terms supertype and subtype entities.
  • Apply supertype and subtype entity rules.


Making Use of Attributes:

  • Describe the characteristics of a given entity.
  • Identify instances and provide examples
  • Separate mandatory and optional attributes.
  • Differentiate between volatile and nonvolatile properties.


Making Use of Unique Identifiers(UIDs):

  • Define the different types of unique identifiers.
  • Using business rules, choose a unique identifier.
  • Explain a candidate's unique identifier.
  • Explain an artificial unique identifier.


Relationship Identification:

  • Explain the differences between one-to-one, one-to-many, and many-to-many relationships.
  • Determine the optionality required for a relationship.
  • Determine the cardinality required for a relationship.
  • Determine non-transferable relationships.
  • Describe a relationship.
  • Make sentences in ERDish to represent ERDs.
  • Make ERDs to represent sentences in ERDish.


Resolving Many-to-Many Relationships and Unique Composite Identifiers:

  • Use an intersection entity to resolve a many-to-many relationship.
  • After creating an intersection entity, identify the variations of unique identifiers.
  • Define a prohibited relationship.
  • Recognize unique composite identifiers.


Relationships: Hierarchical, Recursive, and Arc:

  • Establish a hierarchical relationship.
  • Establish a recursive relationship.
  • Create an arc relationship.
  • In a hierarchical, recursive, and arc relationship model, identify UIDs.
  • Create a model with recursion and hierarchies.
  • Determine the similarities and differences between an arc relationship and a supertype/subtype entity.


Data Tracking Changes Over Time:

  • Explain the importance of tracking data changes over time.
  • Recognize data that changes over time
  • Determine the changes in unique identifiers after adding the time element to an ERD.


Using Normalization to Validate Data:

  • Determine the goal of normalisation.
  • Define the First, Second, and Third Normal Forms' rules.
  • Use the First, Second, and Third Normal Form rules.
Mapping the Physical Model

Entities, Columns, and Data Types Mapping:

  • Entities are mapped to identify database tables that will be created from an ERD.
  • Determine the column data types in an ERD
  • Recognize the various data types that are used to store values in a relational database.


Primary, Composite Primary, and Foreign Key Mapping:

  • Determine primary keys from an ERD
  • Determine which ERD attributes would be suitable as candidate primary keys.
  • Explain the function of a foreign key in an Oracle database.
  • Determine foreign keys from an ERD
  • In an Oracle database, describe the relationship between primary keys, composite primary keys, and foreign keys.
Introduction to SQL

Making Use of Structured Query Language (SQL):

  • Describe the relationship between a database and SQL.


Using DDL (Data Definition Language):

  • Describe the function of DDL.
  • DDL is used to manage tables and their relationships.


Data Manipulation Language (DML) and Transaction Control Language (TCL) are used:

  • Describe the function of DML.
  • DML is used to manage data in tables.
  • To manage transactions, use TCL.


Basic Select Statement Definition and Use:

  • Using SQL SELECT statements, determine the relationship between an ERD and a Relational Database.
  • Create a SELECT statement to get information from an Oracle Database table.
  • To filter query results, use the WHERE clause in the SELECT statement.


Sorted Data Display:

  • To sort SQL query results, use the ORDER BY clause.


Table Joins Definition:

  • Describe the various types of joins and their characteristics.
  • To retrieve data from multiple tables, use joins.



Visit the official website and register for the exam.


You will receive an email from Oracle within 30 minutes of finishing your Oracle Certification exam informing you that your exam results are now available in CertView. If you have already authenticated your CertView account, simply login and choose "See My New Exam Result Now".  You should proceed with your account authentication if you have not already done so.

Authentication provides an Oracle Single Sign In username and password, as well as the email address and Oracle Testing ID from your Pearson VUE profile. Once your account has been authenticated, you will be directed to CertView to log in.

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Prerequisites Required

You have to get the certification of the exam Oracle Database Foundations 1Z0-006.

No prior experience with Oracle Database products is required for the exam, you must have a basic understanding of the various types of database models and components. To manipulate data with SQL queries, you must also understand how tables are designed and the different types of relationships between tables. You should also be familiar with mapping the ERD model into relations, among other things.

Skills Needed

Also read anomalies in database

Job Opportunities for OCFA Database

There are various job opportunities available after completing Oracle Certified Foundations Associate Database, out of which some are:-

Top Job Roles

  • Database Administrator: 26 postings
  • Data Engineer: 15 postings
  • Oracle Database Administrator: 9 postings
  • SQL Developer: 8 postings
  • Mysql Database Administrator: 7 postings
  • Callidus Consultant Senior BIG IV: 7 postings
  • Database Developer: 6 postings
  • AVP Banking Based Domain Product: 6 postings
  • CitiusTech Power Bi Developer: 6 postings
  • Senior Database Administrator: 5 postings

The job postings mentioned above are subject to change.

Best Job Locations

  • Bangalore, Karnataka: 223 postings
  • Pune, Maharashtra: 91 postings
  • Mumbai, Maharashtra: 85 postings
  • Gurgaon, Haryana: 71 postings
  • Noida, Uttar Pradesh: 62 postings
  • Hyderabad, Telangana: 60 postings
  • Chennai, Tamil Nadu: 60 postings
  • Secunderabad, Telangana: 35 postings
  • Delhi, Delhi: 24 postings
  • Ahmedabad, Gujarat: 17 postings

The job postings mentioned above are subject to change.

Ranges of Salary

  • Top Level Jobs (more than ₹1,500K): 167 postings
  • Higher Income Jobs (₹900K-₹1,499K): 325 postings
  • Upper Middle Jobs (₹600K-₽899K): 233 postings
  • Middle Income Jobs (₹300k-₹599K): 313 postings
  • Entry Level Jobs (less than ₹300K): 15 postings

The salary figures and job postings mentioned above are subject to change.

Resources for Preparation

We have curated some well-structured resources of Coding Ninjas that are to assist you with your preparation.


ER Diagrams and Relational Models

Database Design and Normalisation

File Organisation

Indexing in Databases

We also have articles containing popular questions from the overall syllabus, apart from these particular topics. We have given the links to those below.

Visit our Database Management System library and DBMS Guided Path to find all the resources in a structured form. 

You can also view our course on Basics of Java with Data Structures and Algorithms and also check out our articles on Data Structures and AlgorithmsCompetitive Programming, and Interview Questions.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is Oracle Certified Foundations Associate Database Certification?

The Oracle Certified Foundations Associate Database (OCFA Database) credential validates practical database knowledge and skills. Preparing for the Oracle Certified Foundations Associate Database | 1Z0-006 exam and obtaining the associated certification provides us with a fundamental level of programming and database conceptual understanding and skills, as well as demonstrating our ability.

Do candidates need to know how to program?

Candidates should have good knowledge of automation using scripts like shell scripts, Perl scripts, python scripts, and Windows batch scripts. They can still survive without scripting knowledge, but then the work-life will be really monotonous.

What are the advantages of obtaining Oracle certification?

- It allows you to broaden your knowledge base and validate your skills in order to stand out and attract potential employers.

- You can also increase your earning potential in order to obtain a high salary.

- Through the lab, practise sessions, and study, you will learn to perform hands-on and complex activities.

- A secure digital badge can be added to your social media profiles.

- Learn about various essential functions, features, and tasks that you will use on the job.

Is there any future after this certification?

Yes, there are plenty of job opportunities available with many openings looking out for candidates with great potential.


👉 In this blog, we learned about the details of the OCFA Database. We have understood the job opportunities, prerequisites and the preparation plan for OCFA Database. To know more about the Oracle Certified Foundations Associate Database Certifications, you can check out these articles:

👉 Refer to our guided paths on Coding Ninjas Studio to learn more about DSA, JavaScript, System Design, DBMSJava, etc. Enroll in our courses and refer to the mock test and problems available. Take a look at the interview experiences and interview bundle for placement preparations.

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