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Table of contents
1.
Introduction
2.
What is OWASP Juice Shop?
3.
Features of OWASP Juice Shop
4.
Why OWASP Juice Shop Exist? 
5.
OWASP Juice Shop Architecture
5.1.
Front-end Architecture
5.2.
Backend Architecture
5.3.
Database Architecture
6.
How to set up the OWASP Juice Shop on your system?
6.1.
Using Node JS
6.1.1.
Step 1: Install Node.js 
6.1.2.
Step 2: Download OWASP Juice Shop 
6.1.3.
Step 3: Install Dependencies 
6.1.4.
Step 4: Start OWASP Juice Shop 
6.1.5.
Step 5: Access OWASP Juice Shop 
6.2.
Using DOCKER
6.2.1.
Step 1: Install Docker
6.2.2.
Step 2: Download OWASP Juice Shop Docker Image
6.2.3.
Step 3: Start OWASP Juice Shop Container
7.
Challenges OWASP Juice Shop
8.
Benefits of Using OWASP Juice Shop
9.
Frequently Asked Questions
9.1.
What is OWASP juice shop in cyber security?
9.2.
What are the three main vulnerabilities?
9.3.
Who can use the OWASP Juice Shop?
9.4.
Can the OWASP Juice Shop be used for security testing?
10.
Conclusion
Last Updated: Mar 27, 2024
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OWASP Juice Shop

Author Avni Gupta
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Introduction

OWASP Juice Shop is a web application that is vulnerable and is designed to help security professionals, developers, and students learn and practice application security concepts. Developed by OWASP, the Juice Shop has become a popular tool for security enthusiasts to test and improve their skills. 

OWASP Juice Shop

In this blog post, we will look at the OWASP Juice Shop, its features, and how to set it up and use it on our system.

What is OWASP Juice Shop?

OWASP Juice Shop is a web application that contains numerous vulnerabilities and challenges to test and improve your application security skills. 

The application is built using modern web technologies such as Node.js, Angular, and Bootstrap and is intentionally designed to have security flaws that can be exploited. 

The OWASP Juice Shop contains several challenges and missions that help users learn about common application security vulnerabilities such as SQL injection, cross-site scripting (XSS), and insecure authentication.

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Features of OWASP Juice Shop

  • Vulnerability Database: The OWASP Juice Shop has a comprehensive vulnerability database that lists all the vulnerabilities found in the application. This database can be used to learn about the different types of vulnerabilities and how they can be exploited.
     
  • Security Challenges: The OWASP Juice Shop contains several challenges and missions that test your application security skills. These challenges range from basic to advanced and are designed to help users learn about common vulnerabilities in application security and how to prevent them.
     
  • Interactive Hacking Tutorial: The OWASP Juice Shop has an interactive hacking tutorial that teaches users how to exploit various vulnerabilities found in the application.
     
  • Scoreboard: The OWASP Juice Shop has a scoreboard that tracks users' progress as they complete challenges and missions.

Why OWASP Juice Shop Exist? 

If you're interested in web application security and want to hone your skills, the OWASP Juice Shop is an excellent tool to add to your arsenal. With its intuitive interface, realistic challenges, and comprehensive documentation, the Juice Shop makes learning about web application security vulnerabilities engaging and informative. 

You'll have the opportunity to exploit vulnerabilities like CSRF, SQL injection, and DOM-based XSS, all while working in a safe and controlled environment. Plus, the Juice Shop is open source, so you can contribute to the project and help improve the tool for others. 

Whether you're a developer looking to improve your security chops or a security professional wanting to stay updated with the latest threats, the OWASP Juice Shop is a must-try resource.

One of the most unique and engaging aspects of the OWASP Juice Shop is its gamification approach. The application is designed like a modern e-commerce web application, complete with a shopping cart, product ratings, reviews, and even a scoreboard to track your progress. 

As you work through challenges and exploit vulnerabilities, you'll earn points, badges, and achievements, making learning fun and rewarding. Additionally, the Juice Shop is constantly updated with new challenges and vulnerabilities so that you can stay updated with the latest threats and techniques. 

Overall, the OWASP Juice Shop is a fantastic resource for anyone looking to improve their web application security skills in a fun and engaging way.

OWASP Juice Shop Architecture

The OWASP Juice Shop is a single-page web application built using modern web development frameworks and libraries. The application is designed to run entirely in the client's web browser, making it easy to deploy and use on a wide range of platforms. The following is a detailed explanation of the architecture of the OWASP Juice Shop.

Front-end Architecture

  • The Juice Shop's front end is built using modern web development frameworks like AngularJS and Bootstrap. 
     
  • The AngularJS framework provides a powerful toolkit for building single-page applications, while Bootstrap provides a responsive and visually appealing user interface. 
     
  • The front end communicates with the backend via a RESTful API, which provides a standardized way of exchanging data between the client and server.
     

Backend Architecture

  • The Juice Shop's backend is built using Node.js, a popular server-side JavaScript runtime. Node.js provides a powerful toolkit for building scalable, high-performance web applications. 
     
  • The backend is designed to be stateless, meaning it does not maintain any server-side state between requests. Instead, the state is managed entirely on the client side, reducing the server's burden and making the application more scalable.
     

Database Architecture

  • The Juice Shop uses an SQLite database to store user data, product information, and other application data. SQLite is a lightweight, file-based database well-suited for small to medium-sized applications. 
     
  • The database is accessed via an ORM (Object-Relational Mapping) layer, which provides a convenient way of working with database data in a high-level, object-oriented manner using CRUD operations.
     
  • MarsDB is used as additional data storage. MarsDB is a derivative of MongoDB, the NoSQL database, and is compatible with all the necessary operations and queries.
     

This application also allows penetration testers and users to sign in through their Google Accounts and register by implementing OAuth 2.0.

Below is the diagram for the representation of the architecture of OWASP Juice Shop.

OWASP Juice Shop Architecture

How to set up the OWASP Juice Shop on your system?

Using Node JS

The following steps are for running the OWASP juice shop in your system using Node.js.

Step 1: Install Node.js 

The first step is to install Node.js on your system. Node.js is required to run the OWASP Juice Shop application. You can download Node.js from the official website and install it on your system. 

Step 2: Download OWASP Juice Shop 

After installing Node.js, you must download the OWASP Juice Shop source code. You can download it from the official GitHub repository.

Step 3: Install Dependencies 

After downloading the source code, you must install the dependencies required to run the application. Navigate to the root directory of the OWASP Juice Shop application and run the following command:

npm install 


This command will install all the dependencies required to run the application. 

Step 4: Start OWASP Juice Shop 

After installing the dependencies, you can start the OWASP Juice Shop application by running the following command:

npm start 

 

This command will start the OWASP Juice Shop application on your local machine. 

Step 5: Access OWASP Juice Shop 

After starting the application, you can access OWASP Juice Shop by navigating to the following URL in your web browser.

http://localhost:3000 

 

This will open the OWASP Juice Shop application in your web browser, and you can start testing your hacking skills.

Using DOCKER

The following are the steps for running OWASP juice shop in your system using Docker.

Step 1: Install Docker

The first step is to install Docker on your system. You can download Docker from the official website and install it on your system.

Step 2: Download OWASP Juice Shop Docker Image

After installing Docker, you must download the OWASP Juice Shop Docker image. You can download it by running the following command:

docker pull bkimminich/juice-shop

 

This command will download the OWASP Juice Shop Docker image from the Docker Hub.

Step 3: Start OWASP Juice Shop Container

After downloading the Docker image, you can start the OWASP Juice Shop container by running the following command on the terminal:

docker run -p 3000:3000 bkimminich/juice-shop

 

This command will start the OWASP Juice Shop container and map the container port to the host port. The application can be accessed by navigating to http://localhost:3000 in your web browser.

If you've followed the steps correctly, it will look like this once it is running.

OWASP Juice Shop Main Page

Challenges OWASP Juice Shop

OWASP Juice Shop is intentionally designed as a vulnerable web application to serve as a learning and testing platform for security enthusiasts. Some of the challenges it presents include:

  • Cross-Site Scripting (XSS): Juice Shop includes XSS vulnerabilities, challenging users to identify and exploit these vulnerabilities in the web application.
     
  • Injection Attacks: The application has areas susceptible to injection attacks, where users must understand and exploit vulnerabilities related to SQL injection or command injection.
     
  • Insecure Direct Object References (IDOR): Juice Shop contains scenarios where users need to identify and exploit insecure direct object references, demonstrating the importance of proper access controls.
     
  • Security Misconfigurations: The application deliberately exhibits misconfigurations, encouraging users to identify and exploit these weaknesses, such as default credentials or unnecessary services.
     
  • Broken Authentication and Session Management: Juice Shop includes challenges related to broken authentication and session management, requiring users to identify and exploit these vulnerabilities to gain unauthorized access.
     
  • Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF): Users are tasked with identifying and exploiting CSRF vulnerabilities, demonstrating the significance of protecting against unauthorized actions performed on behalf of an authenticated user.

Benefits of Using OWASP Juice Shop

Using OWASP Juice Shop offers several benefits, making it a valuable tool for learning and improving cybersecurity skills:

  • Juice Shop simulates a real-world, modern web application, providing a practical environment for hands-on learning of web security concepts.
     
  • It offers a wide range of security challenges, covering various vulnerabilities such as XSS, SQL injection, CSRF, and more, enabling users to gain comprehensive experience.
     
  • Juice Shop encourages an interactive, learn-by-doing approach. Users actively exploit vulnerabilities and understand the consequences, fostering practical knowledge and skills.
     
  • Since Juice Shop is intentionally vulnerable, users can experiment and learn in a safe environment without the risk of causing harm to real-world applications.
     
  • Being an open-source project, Juice Shop is freely available. This accessibility promotes inclusivity, allowing a broad audience to engage in security learning regardless of financial constraints.
     
  • The OWASP Juice Shop has an active community. Users can share insights, ask questions, and collaborate with others, enhancing the learning experience through shared knowledge.
     
  • Juice Shop is scalable, accommodating users at different skill levels. Beginners can start with basic challenges, while more advanced users can tackle complex scenarios, making it suitable for a wide audience.
     
  • It serves as an effective teaching and training tool for educators, cybersecurity trainers, and organizations aiming to enhance their teams' security awareness and skills.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is OWASP juice shop in cyber security?

OWASP Juice Shop is a deliberately vulnerable web application designed for cybersecurity training. It provides a hands-on platform to learn and practice identifying and mitigating common web application security vulnerabilities.

What are the three main vulnerabilities?

Common vulnerabilities include Cross-Site Scripting (XSS), SQL Injection, and Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF). Understanding and addressing these issues is crucial for web application security.

Who can use the OWASP Juice Shop?

The OWASP Juice Shop can be used by anyone who wants to learn and practice application security. It is particularly useful for security professionals, developers, and students who want to improve their skills in this area.

Can the OWASP Juice Shop be used for security testing?

Yes, the OWASP Juice Shop can be used for security testing. It contains numerous vulnerabilities and challenges that can be exploited to test the security of web applications. It is a great playground for beginners to understand web application penetration testing.

Conclusion

The OWASP Juice Shop is an excellent tool for learning and practicing application security concepts. It provides a realistic environment for testing and improving your skills. 
 

With its comprehensive vulnerability database, security challenges, interactive hacking tutorial, and scoreboard, the OWASP Juice Shop is a great resource for security professionals, developers, and students who want to improve their application security skills. 

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