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Last Updated: Mar 27, 2024
Difficulty: Easy

Program to add two numbers in Carbon

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Prerita Agarwal
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23 Jul, 2024 @ 01:30 PM

Introduction

Hello Ninjas! Welcome back. In this article, we will learn how to write a program to add two numbers in Carbon Programming Language. We will understand the code and the functions used in the code and discuss the return value in the code. Let us first introduce the Carbon programming language and some of its features. Let's get started!

Introduction

Carbon Programming Language

Google created the general-purpose programming language known as Carbon. At a symposium in Toronto in July 2022, Chandler Carruth made the initial presentation of it. A modified version of C++ with specific added capabilities is called Carbon. Development concepts like generics and memory safety are provided by Carbon. GitHub is the home of Carbon's design, implementation, tools, and documentation. Carbon is developed to satisfy the expanding demands of new-age developers. Remember that Carbon is still at the experimental stage and cannot yet be used. On GitHub, developers may contribute to this project.

Carbon Programming Language
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Problem Statement

Write a program to add two numbers in Carbon Programming Language. 

Explanation

We are given two numbers, and now we have to write a program to add these given two numbers. For example - we have two integer type variables, a and b. The values stored in a and b are 10 and 2, respectively. After adding the integers, the sum should be 12. For your reference, look at the image below:  

Explanation of the given Problem Statement

Program

package sample api;
 
fn add(var x:i32, var y:i32) -> i32 {
    return x+y;
}
 
fn Main() -> i32 {
  var ans : i32 = add(10,15);
  Print("{0}", ans);
  return 0;
}

Input

10 15

Output

Output of the Program

Code Explanation

Let us understand the syntax of Carbon Language.

  • "package sample api;" is a keyword that declares packages. It is a default file in the library.
     
  • In the statement "fn add(var x:i32, var y:i32) -> i32", “fn add” is the addition function which we are using here to add the two numbers.
     
  • "return x+y;" is a statement used to return the sum of the variables we have applied the add function on!
     
  • "fn" is an introducer keyword that declares functions. Continuing "Main() -> i32 {...}" declares the main function. The type of return of the given line of code is i32, an integer. 
     
  • var ans : i32 = add(10,15);” this line of the code gives the instruction to add the variables x and y, containing values 10 and 15, respectively.
     
  • Print("{0}", ans);” this line of the code prints the sum, which in our case is 25. Did you notice how it is similar to C language?
     
  • "return 0;" is the exit code line of the program. It means that the function doesn't return any value.

Complexities

Let us look into the time and space complexities.

Time Complexity

The time complexity of this program is O(1).

Reason: O(1) means constant time. Here the time complexity is O(1) as the code takes constant time to execute.

Space Complexity

The space complexity of this program is O(1).

Reason: We are not using any extra space for our code, so the space complexity is O(1).

Read More - Time Complexity of Sorting Algorithms

Advantages of Carbon 

Listed below are some advantages of the Carbon Programming Language:

  • Carbon is designed to match the performance of C++; therefore, speed here is not an issue.
     
  • Carbon can compile your existing C++ programs.
     
  • Carbon promises a memory-safe subset path.
     
  • It is user-friendly and easy to learn

Disadvantages of Carbon 

Listed below are some disadvantages of the Carbon Programming Language:

  • This language doesn’t promise any scope as it is new to the market.
     
  • Carbon is in its experimental stage; therefore, it is bound to undergo several changes before becoming a standard language like C++ and Python.
     
  • Carbon is in its experimental stage and is not supported by any compiler like Microsoft Visual Code. 
     
  • As mentioned earlier, carbon is user-friendly and easy to learn. But it is more challenging than some established languages like Python; therefore, some users might find it challenging to learn. 
     

Also check out Addition of Two Numbers in Java here

Frequently Asked Questions

Where can I find relevant resources related to Carbon?

The official documentation related to Carbon is hosted on GitHub. Developers can also contribute to this project.

What is the time complexity of the program to add two numbers in Carbon?

The time complexity of the program to add two numbers in Carbon is O(1).

What is the space complexity of the program to add two numbers in Carbon?

The space complexity of the program to add two numbers in Carbon is O(1).

Where can I run my Carbon code?

As Carbon is not ready for use yet, you can use online compilers for running Carbon codes. One such online compiler is compiler explorer.

Is Carbon similar to C++?

Carbon is an improvised version of C++ with some modified and similar features.

Conclusion

In this article, we learned about the Carbon Programming Language and wrote a program to add two numbers in Carbon. You can explore some simple problems in Carbon, like a Program to find if a number is even or odd in Carbon or Find Fibonacci Numbers in Carbon

If you want to dig deeper into the Carbon Programming language, here are some related articles -

You may refer to our Guided Path on Code Studios to enhance your skill set on DSACompetitive ProgrammingSystem Design, and much more. Check out essential interview questions, practice our available mock tests, look at the interview bundle for interview preparations, and so much more!

Topics covered
1.
Introduction
2.
Carbon Programming Language
3.
Problem Statement
3.1.
Explanation
3.2.
Program
3.2.1.
Input
3.2.2.
Output
3.3.
Code Explanation
4.
Complexities
4.1.
Time Complexity
4.2.
Space Complexity
5.
Advantages of Carbon 
6.
Disadvantages of Carbon 
7.
Frequently Asked Questions
7.1.
Where can I find relevant resources related to Carbon?
7.2.
What is the time complexity of the program to add two numbers in Carbon?
7.3.
What is the space complexity of the program to add two numbers in Carbon?
7.4.
Where can I run my Carbon code?
7.5.
Is Carbon similar to C++?
8.
Conclusion