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Prerita Agarwal

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23 Jul, 2024 @ 01:30 PM

Introduction

Hello Ninjas! This article will introduce us to the Carbon Programming Language and teach how to write a Program to Find Remainder and Quotient in Carbon. We will first understand the fundamentals of the modulo and division operators and then discuss the code in detail as we move along.

So whether you are new to this language or here to learn, we will discuss everything about Carbon. Let's get started.

Carbon Programming Language

Carbon programming language is a general-purpose programming language designed by Google. Chandler Carruth first announced the language at a conference in Toronto in July 2022. Carbon is an improvised version of C++ with some modifications and similar features. Carbon is introduced to meet the growing needs of the new age developers and offers developmental ideas like generics and memory safety. The design, implementation, tools, and documentation related to Carbon are hosted on GitHub.

Note that Carbon is in the experimental stage and is not ready for use yet. It is accepting contributions from developers on GitHub.

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Problem Statement

Write a program to find remainder and quotient in Carbon programming language.

Explanation

We are given two numbers, which we need to divide using the modulo and divide operator. After implementing the above operators, we must find the quotient and remainder. For example - we have two integer type variables, a and b. The values stored in a and b are 10 and 2, respectively. After implementing the modulo and divide operator, the quotient should be five, and the remainder should be 0. For your reference, look at the image below:

Modulo Operator

The modulo operator is represented by "%." It is one of the arithmetic operators in the Carbon programming language. The modulo operator finds the remainder after dividing two integer-type numbers.

Note - The modulo operator does not work with floating point numbers.

For example - Let there be two integer-type numbers, 'x' and ‘y’. To obtain the remainder after dividing x and y, we will use the modulo operator as x%y. Let us see the following examples to understand better the program to find remainder and quotient in Carbon -

3 % 2 = 1
4 % 2 = 0
10 % 4 = 2

Things to keep in mind while using Modulo Operator

If a and b are two integer-type numbers, then while applying the modulo operator, we have to keep in mind the following points -

a % b = 0 if a is divisible by b.

a % b = a if a<b.

a % b will give the remainder after dividing a by b if a is not divisible by b.

a % b will result in a compile-time error if b = 0.

Let us now take a look at the division operator. This will help in a program to find remainder and quotient in Carbon.

Division Operator

The division operator is represented by "/." It is an arithmetic operation used in Carbon Programming Language. A division operator is used to perform division between two numbers. For example - Let there be two integer-type numbers, x and y. To divide x and y, we will use the division operator as x/y. Let us see the following examples to understand better program to find remainder and quotient in Carbon-

3 / 2 = 1
4 / 2 = 2
10 / 4 = 2

Things to keep in mind while using Division Operator

If a and b are two integer-type numbers, then while applying the division operator, we have to keep in mind the following points -

a / b = 1 if a = b.

a / b = a if b = 1.

a / b will leave a remainder if a is not divisible by b.

a / b will result in a compile-time error if b = 0.

Now we look into the program to find remainder and quotient in Carbon.

"package sampleapi;" is a keyword that declares packages. It is a default file in the library.

"fnQandR(vara:i32, varb:i32) {" is an introducer keyword that declares functions.

"Print("Quotient = {0}", a/b);" this line of the code prints the quotient, which in our case is 5.

“Print("Remainder = {0}", a%b);” this line of the code prints the remainder, which in our case is 5.

"fn" is an introducer keyword that declares functions. Continuing "Main() -> i32 {...}" declares the main function. The type of return of the given line of code is i32, an integer.

“QandR(50,9);” this statement assigns values to the functions.

"return0;" is the exit code line of the program. It means that the function doesn't return any value.

Complexities

Let us look into the time and space complexity.

Time Complexity

The time complexity of this program is O(1).

Reason: O(1) means constant time. Here the time complexity is O(1) as the code takes constant time to execute.

Space Complexity

The space complexity of this program is O(1).

Reason: We are not using any extra space for our code, so the space complexity is O(1).

Frequently Asked Questions

Is Carbon ready for use?

Carbon programming language is in its experimental stage and not ready for use yet.

Is Carbon a user-friendly language?

Yes, Carbon Programming Language is user-friendly and easy to learn.

What is a division operator?

A division operator is used to perform division between two numbers.It is represented by "/."

Where can I run my Carbon Program?

As Carbon is not ready for use, you can use online compilers that support Carbon Programming Language. One such online compiler is compiler explorer.

What is a Modulo Operator?

The modulo is one of the arithmetic operators in the Carbon Programming Language. It is represented by "%." The modulo operator finds the remainder after dividing two integer-type numbers.