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Table of contents
1.
Introduction
2.
Data Science and Python
3.
Basic Python Concepts for Data Science
4.
Basic Steps in Data Science using Python
4.1.
Defining the Problem
4.2.
Collecting and Cleaning the Data
4.3.
Explore  and Visualizing the Data
4.4.
Model the data
5.
Python Frameworks for Data Science
6.
Best Practices for Data Science in Python
7.
Challenges and Future Directions of Python for Data Science
8.
Benefit Of Using Python For Data Science
9.
Frequently Asked Questions:
9.1.
How Python is used for data science?
9.2.
How much Python do I need for data science?
9.3.
How many days to learn Python?
10.
Conclusion
Last Updated: Mar 27, 2024
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Python for Data Science

Author Prashansa
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Basics of python
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Introduction

Nowadays, we can see how the data science field is on the rise in every field. Different kinds of data models are being made. With all this boom in data science technology, it has been important for us to know about it.

Python for data science

While working with data, Python comes in very handy. You must have read about Python earlier if not, then have a look at Python basics before starting with this article. 

In this article, we will see how Python is used in Data Science and all the features which can be used in data science.

So let’s get started with the blog.

Data Science and Python

Data science is a field that involves computation, analysis, and using machine learning techniques on data. In data science, we study data to make meaningful conclusions over the big vast data we have.
We can use many languages for  Data science, like Python, R, SAS etc. But Python is the most popular language of Data Science because of its simplicity in syntax, and it is easy to learn.

Other than that Python provides a lot of libraries that come in handy while working with data.
We will see that later in this article too.

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Basic Python Concepts for Data Science

Before getting started with Python for Data Science. Let’s have a look at some of the basis concepts of Python needed.

  1. Variable and Data types 
     
  2. Conditional Statements
     
  3. Loops
     
  4. Functions
     
  5. File Handling
     

Make sure you know these basics of Python well, before moving ahead.

Basic Steps in Data Science using Python

For working of data, there are some steps that are generally followed. Let’s have a look at them.

Defining the Problem

Before solving any problem, we need to be clear about our objectives and motivation. What problem are we trying to solve? What are our requirements and objectives? This can be done by documenting our problem first such that it will be easy for us to understand and to the third person to understand our vision too.

For documentation, we can use Python’s documentation feature or make a structured plan on Juypter Notebook.

Collecting and Cleaning the Data

For any data research, we need to have the data first. So we need to get data from different sources to work on. 

The data we get from the raw source are quite vague; we can’t directly start analysis on them. We need to do some cleaning, like removing missing values, normalising the data etc.We can use the Pandas library for reading and manipulating the data.  We can also use Beautiful Soup to scrape data from different sources.

Explore  and Visualizing the Data

Now that we have data in a usable format, we can analyze the data. Do an exploration of the data to make meaningful conclusion.

For exploring and visualizing data we can use different Python libraries such as Matplotlib and Seaborn.  We can use these libraries to create histograms, scatterplots, and heatmaps.

You can also use Python to calculate basic statistics such as mean, median, and standard deviation.

Model the data

From the data we have prepared we make different models to make predictions based on the data, or for the problem we are trying to solve.

Python have several libraries which can we used for make models like Sci-kit Learn, Tensor Flow. These libraries can be used for making different regression, as well as classification models.These can we used for implementing different machine learning algorithms such as decision trees, clustering etc.

Python Frameworks for Data Science

There are many more Python libraries which can we used in the Data Science.

Some the important Python libraries are:

  1. Numpy
     
  2. Pandas
     
  3. Scikit Learn
     
  4. Tensor Flow
     
  5. Matplotlib
     
  6. Keras
     
  7. spaCy
     
  8. Catboost
     
  9. LightGBM 
     
  10. Plotly

Best Practices for Data Science in Python

 We should always follow best practices while programming. Let’s have a look at some best practices:

  1. Writing modular code
     
  2. Use version control
     
  3. Write clean code
     
  4. Write generic code
     
  5. Use NumPy and Pandas data frames for data analysis
     
  6. Use testing frameworks like PyTest

Challenges and Future Directions of Python for Data Science


Python is a very powerful language for Data Science. But as the data is growing every day. Some challenges also have been seen in the path of Python for Data Science.
Let’s look at some major challenges:

  1. Performance: Being an interpreted language, the Python compilation speed can be slower than that of C++ and Java. But we can use Python libraries for enhanced performance.
     
  2. Scalability: The amount of data is increasing exponentially. Python can handle data fairly, but it is not as efficient when it comes to big data. A distributed system like Apache Spark and Hive is useful in these cases.
     
  3. Data privacy and security: While creating models or researching the data, we encounter many sensitive data. The privacy and security factor is very important in that case. Python needs to be evolved in that case.
     
  4. Integration with another language: Python can be integrated with other languages, but while transferring the data among them, there can be performance issues. That needs to be addressed in the future.

Also read, Convert String to List Python

Benefit Of Using Python For Data Science

The benefits of using Python for data science are numerous, making it a preferred choice among data professionals. Here are some key advantages:

  • Versatility: Python is a versatile programming language with extensive libraries and frameworks, allowing data scientists to work seamlessly across various domains, from data analysis to machine learning.
  • Rich Ecosystem: Python boasts a rich ecosystem of libraries and tools such as NumPy, Pandas, Matplotlib, and scikit-learn, which simplify data manipulation, analysis, visualization, and machine learning tasks.
  • Community Support: Python has a large and active community of data scientists and developers. This community support translates into a wealth of resources, tutorials, and shared knowledge, fostering collaboration and problem-solving.
  • Ease of Learning: Python's syntax is clean and readable, making it accessible for beginners. Its simplicity accelerates the learning curve for aspiring data scientists, enabling quick adoption and proficiency.
  • Integration Capabilities: Python seamlessly integrates with other languages and technologies, facilitating interoperability and enabling data scientists to incorporate specialized tools or libraries when necessary.
  • Open Source: Python is open source, meaning it is freely available for use and modification. This contributes to its widespread adoption and continuous improvement through community contributions.
    Also read,  Python filename extensions

Frequently Asked Questions:

How Python is used for data science?

Python is used for data science through its versatile libraries and frameworks, facilitating tasks like data manipulation, analysis, visualization, and machine learning.

How much Python do I need for data science?

A basic understanding of Python syntax and key libraries is sufficient to start data science. Proficiency grows with hands-on practice and project work.

How many days to learn Python?

Learning Python duration varies. Basics can be grasped in a few weeks. Becoming proficient, especially in data science, may take a few months of consistent learning and practice.

Conclusion

In this article, we saw the role of Python in Data Science. I hope this article helped you in your learning process. We have seen all the challenges and features that Python provides, which can make your learning process in Data Science easier.

Recommended Reading:


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