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Last Updated: Mar 27, 2024

Role of ML in IoT

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Speaker
Prerita Agarwal
Data Specialist @
23 Jul, 2024 @ 01:30 PM

Introduction

The Internet of Things (IoT) and Machine Learning (ML) are popular buzzwords. Given the excitement and commotion surrounding machine learning and the Internet of Things, it is critical to comprehend their actual worth. In this blog, Role of ML in IoT, we will discuss the connection between machine learning and the Internet of Things.

Role of ML in IoT

The term "Internet of Things" (IoT) refers to almost any linked device that can stream data over the Internet. Machine Learning (ML) is basically an area of statistics and CS that uses algorithms to try to mimic intelligence. So let us see how these two innovations combine to open up a new chapter for the technology. Let us get started with the blog; Role of ML in IoT.

Machine Learning

The universe is not entirely predetermined. In other words, the universe doesn't always proceed according to a step-by-step algorithm, at least not according to what we currently comprehend. If so, we would be able to foresee the future.

Machine Learning

That is the goal of Machine Learning. We can determine which scenario is most likely using statistics and algorithms. Machine learning uses massive volumes of data to produce insightful information that is helpful to the organization. This includes streamlining procedures, reducing expenses, enhancing the customer experience, or developing new business models.

For instance, it's not given that you will be robbed or mugged if you walk into a shadowy, dark alley at night, but the likelihood is extremely high. How do we know this innately? We know this because we've had experience with it.

Using statistics, a Machine Learning algorithm can be trained to learn that venturing into a dark alley at night is probably not a good idea. It receives much information about what occurs when a person enters a dark alley and makes inferences based on this information. This is referred to as an experience. After processing a large amount of data, it may forecast what is most likely to occur given a new circumstance.

The ML algorithm learns from a large amount of data, receives new data, makes a prediction, and depending on whether it is correct or incorrect, updates its "knowledge" and gets better. That's how machine learning actually works.

Let us get going to know the Internet of Things.

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Internet of Things

To know the role of ML in IoT, you should have an idea of IoT also. The Internet of Things is used to refer to the network of physical things that have sensorssoftware, and other technologies created into them to link and exchange data with other systems and devices over the Internet.

Internet of Things

In simple language, your IoT device shares data over a network using data transfer protocols after linking it to the Internet. Anywhere the engineer wants, the data from an IoT device can go. Data is occasionally sent to a centralized server, routed to your own private server, or communicated to other IoT devices. They all have in common that an IoT device can transmit data to another device over the Internet.

How IoT and ML Work Together

To know what is the role of ML in IoT, you should have an idea of how IoT and ML work together. 

As we now know, ML can accept data and learn from it, whereas IoT can transport data via the Internet. The two can then be combined. IoT devices transmit data to a database, where an ML algorithm can use it to learn new things. Your ML algorithm gets more intelligent the more data you stream from the IoT device. The ML algorithm can provide the IoT device instructions if it can communicate with the environment like other IoT devices. This may result in an extremely strong loop. The ML algorithm receives data from an IoT device. Over time, it uncovers hidden patterns in the data and is able to instruct the IoT device. The IoT device can then carry out the tasks and provide the ML algorithm with more data so that it can learn more and provide better instructions.

If this feedback loop is used repeatedly, it can provide some extremely intriguing outcomes. The IoT and ML combination offers the most benefit in this feedback loop.

 

Now that we know Machine Learning, the Internet of Things, and how they work together, let us discuss why the need to use Machine Learning for IoT.

Why Use Machine Learning for IoT?

Why Use Machine Learning for IoT?

Machine learning is the best option for the IoT world for at least two major reasons. The first is linked to the amount of data, the possibilities for automation, and the second is predictive analysis.

Data Analysis Automation by Machine Learning

Consider the sensors found in automobiles. Thousands of data points are captured by a moving car's sensors, which must be processed in real-time to avoid accidents and provide passenger comfort. Automation is the only option because a human analyst would be unable to complete such a task for each car.

Through machine learning, the vehicle's main computer may learn about hazardous conditions, such as speed and friction factors, which could endanger the driver, and immediately activate safety systems.

The Predictive Power of Machine Learning

The ability of ML for IoT to identify outliers and unusual behavior and raise the required red flags is its most beneficial feature. It improves accuracy and effectiveness as it learns more and more about a phenomenon.

An excellent illustration is what Google did to drastically lower energy use with its HVAC system.

Last but not least, models can be developed that precisely predict future outcomes by pinpointing the causes of a specific outcome. This gives the opportunity to manipulate the inputs and manage the outcomes.
 

Now that we have discussed the reason to use ML for IoT, you might connect the points of the role of ML in IoT. Let us discuss the same in the next section of the blog.

Role of ML in IoT

Role of ML in IoT

The role of ML in IoT is given below:
 

  • A cost reduction in industrial programs: Predictive skills are very helpful in a mechanical setting. Machine mastering calculations can "understand" what is typical for the machine and occasionally identify when something uncommon is about to emerge by drawing data from special sensors in or on machines. Knowing when a system requires protection is unbelievably important, saving thousands of dollars in expenses. Businesses actually employ machine learning and anticipate above 90% accuracy even though machines will require renovation, which will result in significant cost savings.
     
  • Improved data analysis and predictive maintenance: Machine learning algorithms can analyze IoT device data, which can produce insightful data that helps guide decision-making. One way that machine learning can be utilized to enhance business outcomes is through predictive maintenance, which lowers downtime by anticipating equipment failure before it happens.
     
  • Real-time decision-making and problem-solving: Organisations can use IoT devices to integrate machine learning algorithms and make real-time data-driven choices without manual involvement. For instance, IoT sensors and machine learning algorithms can be used in agriculture to increase irrigation and fertilizer consumption, increasing crop yields and lowering waste.
     
  • Smart-Home Automation: We all know that we can use our phones and smart speakers to control our lights, garage doors, thermostats, and many more things, but what if we gave them greater autonomy? What if we gave these gadgets a task, and they handled everything for us automatically?
    For instance, your smart home's equipment can determine if you're at home or not using beacon technology. Things can be much more automatic if this data is integrated with additional data, such as time of day, day of the week, etc. Your house may interact with you by fusing the data that IoT devices supply with an ML system that can begin to understand your behaviors.
     
  • Healthcare: IoT machine learning in the healthcare sector can be used to locally monitor patients and give medical personnel access to real-time health information. By using this knowledge, doctors may identify and treat patients more successfully, cutting down on in-person visits and thwarting the spread of disease. Smart inhalers and IoT-enabled devices can also provide useful data for machine learning algorithms to analyze, enabling healthcare practitioners to make better decisions.
     
  • Manufacturing: Complex robotics and machines are used to construct many items. These devices are prone to failure, which can be quite expensive for industrial organizations. There might be bottlenecks in the manufacturing process that can be improved even if a machine hasn't broken down. Manufacturers may quickly identify these inefficiencies and take action to fix them by combining IoT sensors that can collect data from these devices with ML algorithms.
     
  • Shopping: IoT machine learning is also used in the shopping sector to improve supply chain management effectiveness and customer experiences. Retailers, for instance, can employ IoT sensors to follow inventory levels in real time and use that information to inform when to place product reorders and how much waste to produce. Additionally, merchants can utilize machine learning algorithms to examine consumer purchasing trends to make personalized product recommendations and increase overall client happiness.

 

This list goes on increasing as there are many roles of ML in IoT. Now let us see the future of ML and IoT.

The Future of IoT and Machine Learning

IoT and machine learning have a bright future, and they have a lot of potential for many different businesses. We can anticipate tremendous growth and development in this area over the next few years as a result of technological breakthroughs and growing use by organizations of all sizes.

The future of machine learning and IoT is certain to be full of exciting new prospects and developments, from the integration of 5G networks and edge computing to the potential difficulties and solutions that will arise.

Additionally, we'll be able to foresee crimes and accidents before they occur. Law enforcement can use machine learning algorithms to find the conditions that lead to accidents or criminality by feeding data from noise sensors, video cameras, and even smart trash cans in smart cities.

 

Although the buzz surrounding machine learning and the Internet of Things is at its peak, the potential applications and outcomes are deserving of it. We're really only beginning to explore the possibilities.

Frequently Asked Questions

How is IoT security achieved using machine learning?

IoT security teams can use ML to make smart assumptions and decisions based on past behavior. It correlates current network behavior with behavior patterns from attack samples in the case of general vulnerabilities and attacks, such as DDOS, and takes preventative action.

What is machine-to-machine in IoT?

The next surge of the Internet revolution will connect an expanding number of devices to the Internet through machine-to-machine communications, or M2M/IoT. Automated applications involving machines or devices connecting across a network without human involvement are called M2M communications.

Which language is most suitable for ML?

Although slower, lower-level languages (like R, C++, or Java) are more difficult to master. Higher-level languages (like Python and JavaScript) are quicker to learn but slower to use. Python is a vital language for data analytics and machine learning.

Conclusion

As we have come to the end of this blog, let us see what we have discussed so far. This blog discussed the basics of ML and IoT and how they work together. After that, we discussed why to use Machine Learning for IoT. In the end, we discussed the role of ML in IoT and the future of IoT and Machine Learning.

If you like to learn more, you can check out our articles: 

You can also consider our Machine Learning Course to give your career an edge over others.

Happy Learning, Ninja!

Topics covered
1.
Introduction
2.
Machine Learning
3.
Internet of Things
4.
How IoT and ML Work Together
5.
Why Use Machine Learning for IoT?
5.1.
Data Analysis Automation by Machine Learning
5.2.
The Predictive Power of Machine Learning
6.
Role of ML in IoT
7.
The Future of IoT and Machine Learning
8.
Frequently Asked Questions
8.1.
How is IoT security achieved using machine learning?
8.2.
What is machine-to-machine in IoT?
8.3.
Which language is most suitable for ML?
9.
Conclusion