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Table of contents
1.
Introduction
2.
What is Scrum?
3.
What is a Scrum Team?
4.
The Scrum Framework
4.1.
Scrum Master
4.1.1.
Roles and Responsibilities
4.2.
Product Owner
4.2.1.
Roles and Responsibilities
4.3.
Development Team
4.3.1.
Roles and Responsibilities
5.
Frequently Asked Questions
5.1.
What services does a Scrum Master offer to a Product Owner?
5.2.
Should Scrum roles be merged?‎
5.3.
Is a Scrum Master the same as a project manager?‎
6.
Conclusion
Last Updated: Mar 27, 2024
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Roles and Responsibilities in Agile Scrum

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Speaker
Ashwin Goyal
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Introduction

Agile techniques are gaining widespread enterprise adoption across all industries. More flexible development techniques, such as Scrum, have enabled organizations to bring products to market faster than ever before, which is essential in today's hyper-competitive environment.

Roles and Responsibilities in Agile Scrum

Although Scrum is recurrently used in the context of software development teams, its structure and principles are suited for all types of teamwork. In this article, you will get to know what Scrum is, its framework, along with various Roles and Responsibilities in Agile Scum.

Also read about, Adhoc testing

What is Scrum?

Scrum is a process to manage software development projects. Scrum is not prescriptive on engineering practices, but rather it is a lightweight framework based on a few (common sense) guidelines for managing projects. Scrum follows an empirical process control in which the team adapts based on experience rather than following a rigorous set of steps or a very detailed plan.

Scrum, as we know it now, is the result of Jeff Sutherland and Ken Schwaber's effort and collaboration in 1995. In 2001, Ken Schwaber and Mike Beedle published Agile Software Development with Scrum, which popularized the methods and helped them become a mainstream software development process.

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What is a Scrum Team?

A Scrum Team is made up of five to eleven people who share the different duties and responsibilities associated with project/product delivery. It is a group of self-motivated individuals who collaborate to deliver a successful product. A high level of communication is expected among Scrum Team members to guarantee that they are all working toward the same goal while retaining mutual respect throughout the process. They also share a set of conventions and rules. A Scrum Team's three pillars are as follows: 

  • Transparency: Everyone on the team will have a simple and clear flow of information about the common aim and each individual's duties and responsibilities
     
  • Inspection: All team members have the right to conduct regular checks on the progress toward a common goal
     
  • Adaptation: An Agile Scrum Team responds to changes as quickly as feasible in order to maximize product value

The Scrum Framework

The Scrum Team roles are categorized into three – Scrum Master, Product Owner, and Development Team. Although they are closely related, each of the jobs has a distinct set of responsibilities throughout the project management cycle. 

Scrum Framework

Scrum Master

The Scrum Master is the person in charge of facilitating/coaching the Development Team and the Product Owner while they work on day-to-day development activities. He is responsible for ensuring that the team knows and can use the Scrum Values and Principles. Simultaneously, the Scrum Master ensures that the Team is enthused about Agile in order to get the most out of the framework. 

The Scrum Master assists and supports the team in becoming self-organizing. Apart from educating and training team members on the value of Agile, he is also responsible for ensuring that the team is always motivated and strengthened. He also attempts to improve communication and collaboration among team members.

Scrum Master

Roles and Responsibilities

  • Coach: The Scrum Master serves as an Agile Coach to the Development team as well as the Product Owner. In several ways, the Scrum Master facilitates proper communication between the Development Team and the Product Owner. The Scrum Master is still in charge of removing any impediments between the other roles
     
  • Facilitator: The Scrum Master also serves as the Scrum Team's facilitator. He coordinates and organizes all Scrum Events that the Scrum Team Members desire. The Scrum Master also assists the Team in making crucial decisions that will boost the overall productivity of the Scrum Team
     
  • Process Improver: The Scrum Master and the team are also responsible for continuously improving the processes and techniques used to maximize the value generated. It is not the Scrum Master's role to complete the task; rather, it is his responsibility to assist the team in developing a methodology that will allow them to achieve their sprint goals
     
  • Interference Gatekeeper: The Scrum Master protects the Scrum Team from outside interference and distraction, allowing the team to stay focused on providing the most value to the business at the end of each sprint

Product Owner

The Product Owner is another important function that we will examine in this blog. As the voice of the customer/stakeholders, the Product Owner is responsible for bridging the gap between the development team and stakeholders. The product owner manages the gap in such a way that the value of the product being created is maximized. The Product Owner is expected to be involved in all Sprint Activities and Development efforts and plays an essential part in the success of a product.

Product Owner

Roles and Responsibilities

  • Bridging the gap: The Product Owner collaborates closely with internal and external stakeholders to gather input and synthesize a vision before adding product features to the Product Backlog. It is the Product Owner's obligation to understand the requirements and preferences of the stakeholder/customer group because he is their representation and is in charge of producing the proper solution
     
  • Manages product backlog: The Product Owner is responsible for creating and managing the Product Backlog, ordering the items in the Product Backlog to best meet the requirements of the stakeholders (i.e. prioritization of Product Backlog items), and finally, should always be available to answer or clarify all Development Team queries
     
  • Certifying a Product: Another of his responsibilities is to certify the features that are being constructed. He defines the Acceptance Criteria for each Product Backlog Item during this procedure. The Product Owner may also construct Acceptance Tests that embody the Acceptance Criteria set by him, or he may seek support from SMEs or the Development Team in doing so

Development Team

The Development Team is made up of developers who are experts in their respective fields. The Development Team, unlike the other Scrum Team members, works on the actual implementation of the potentially deliverable software/increment that is to be delivered at the end of each Sprint.

The Team is formed with all of the necessary skill sets in mind to effectively create, test, and deliver product increments every Sprint without the assistance of others. As a result, the team must be self-sufficient and cross-functional. The Development Team does not seek assistance from anyone outside of the Scrum Team and manages their own work.

Development Team

Roles and Responsibilities

  • Development and Delivery: At the end of each sprint, the Development Team is responsible for establishing a done increment based on the 'Definition of Done'. The completed increment may or may not be included in the next production release, but it is certainly a potentially releasable functionality that an end user can use
     
  • Tasking and Providing Estimations: The Development Team is also in charge of selecting User Stories/Items from the prioritized Product Backlog for delivery in the following Sprint. As a result, these Items form the Sprint Backlog. During a Sprint Planning meeting, the Sprint Backlog is created

Also Read, human computer interaction

Frequently Asked Questions

What services does a Scrum Master offer to a Product Owner?

A Scrum Master assists Product Owners in prioritizing the product backlog and gives a better grasp of product planning. They also plan Scrum events at the Product Owner's request and establish communication between the development team and the owner.

Should Scrum roles be merged?‎

Scrum roles should never be merged. A combined Product Owner and Scrum Master, for example, may spend more time praising the product than removing bottlenecks or facilitating team conversations.

Is a Scrum Master the same as a project manager?‎

Scrum Masters and project managers can serve as Scrum Masters, although the roles are distinct. Project managers oversee various endeavors, while Scrum Masters focus exclusively on Scrum teams.

Conclusion

Scrum is the most widely used approach for maximizing the value of outputs based on Agile values and principles. There are numerous compelling reasons to investigate a Scrum Agile approach. Becoming a Certified Scrum Master not only helps you learn the skills and principles of Scrum, but it also greatly improves your Agile career options. The blog clearly describes what Scum and Agile are, the Scrum Framework, along with various Roles and Responsibilities in Agile Scrum.

To better understand the topic, you can refer to Agile ModelScrum Artifacts, and the Difference between Agile and Scrum.

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