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Table of contents
Quick Tips From Starting Your Preparation To Your Exam Day
Preparation Material
Quantitative Aptitude
Logical Reasoning
Verbal Reasoning
Data interpretation
Final Tip!
Frequently Asked Questions
Why is aptitude important in placement?
How do you practice aptitude for placements?
Which are the most important topics in aptitude?
What are the important chapters in quantitative aptitude for campus placement?
How do I start preparing for aptitude?
How can I study for aptitude?
Last Updated: Mar 27, 2024

Most Important Aptitude Topics for Placements

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If you are a final year student, placement season would surely be an overwhelming time that requires a rigorous approach to improve your Aptitude skills for the job opportunities.

Aptitude for placements

Tell me something about yourself! Would probably start to come in your dreams. Making and remaking CVs, getting dressed up in formals every day, rounds of the placement department, attending pre-placement talks, and giving multiple tests a day would become the new normal. And just one wish, I get placed in this company so that I can enjoy what is left of my college time!

A lot of companies visit college campuses to recruit students every year.

The campus placement procedure of any company usually comprises 3-5 rounds. The first screening round is the Aptitude or Written test. It is followed by 1-2 coding rounds for an IT company. For a non-IT company, there are 1-2 Group Discussion (GD) rounds. And finally, there is the Personal Interview Round (Tech and or HR).

This article talks about the first round of placements- The often-ignored Aptitude Round!

Whether you are preparing for an IT job, a government job, or even for higher studies (MBA, MS, GATE, etc), getting through the aptitude test is almost always the first step. A lot of engineering students tend to ignore the aptitude test considering the level and type of questions in high school. What they forget is that competition is relative! You have to compete with people of a similar intellectual level as yours. No matter how good you are with the technical/coding part, if you do not get through the aptitude round, you are out of the race.

Also see, Must Do Coding Questions

Quick Tips From Starting Your Preparation To Your Exam Day

  • Know the Syllabus: Before you start preparing for any examination, you should keep a copy of the detailed syllabus with yourself. It is to familiarize yourself with the length and breadth of the syllabus to be covered before starting. Also, having the syllabus, you will spend time and energy only on relevant topics.
  • Go through Previous Year Question Papers: Again, keep a book/ printed copy of the previous year's papers. It will give you an idea of the type of questions in the exam and help you gauge their difficulty level. It will give you a reality check of the exam you are up against. Solving the previous year's questions would build confidence like nothing else will.
  • Keep your Fundamentals Strong: Having strong fundamentals goes without saying in an aptitude exam. Build a strong understanding of all the topics in the syllabus. Do not try to mug up formulas or find short cuts without understanding. Try to visualize the problems in real time and see if you can apply them, which is only possible after having clear fundamentals.
  • Practice, Practice & Practice: After you have gone through al the topics once, keep practicing questions. The more you practice, the better will be your speed, accuracy, and confidence level.
  • Focus on Important Topics: After going through the Previous Year's Questions and Syllabus, you will get an idea of the important topics and the average weightage of every topic asked in the exam. Prioritize your preparation accordingly and focus on important topics. Cover them first, spend more time on them, and revise them more often.
  • Keep your Resources Limited: In this day and age, there are innumerable preparation resources at your disposal. You will have multiple books and websites where you can prepare. Students spend a lot of time browsing through them and hobbling from one resource to another and end up wasting a lot of time and energy on this. Select one or two quality and comprehensive resources before starting your preparation and then stick to them. Some resources you can refer to are given in the next section.
  • Revision: Maintain a formulas list/notes. Stick one copy of it in your room and keep one in your bag. You can look at it every now and then for revision. Remember the more you revise the better you will get!
  • Keep Stress at Bay: As the exams approach, it is natural to get anxious and stressed. To overcome anxiety and stress, be well prepared in time. Exercise regularly and maintain a healthy diet. Most importantly, take a good night’s sleep before the exam.
  • During the Exam: Don’t try new ways, just stick to your strategy. It is usually advisable to start with your forte, the section you are strongest at. Read all questions twice before solving to avoid any silly mistakes. If you are not able to solve a question in the first go, don’t stick to it. You can always come back to it in the end if time permits.
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Preparation Material

You need to look no further because we have a special course designed specifically for Aptitude Preparation. It is taught by the industry doyens of Aptitude Preparation by Arun Sharma and Meenakshi Upadhyay.

Listed below for your reference are some common books and websites for placements and aptitude preparation.

Material for preparation

for advanced questions


Aptitude tests usually consist of four major sections- quantitative aptitude, logical reasoning verbal ability, and data interpretation. The important topics for the aptitude test are listed below sections:

Quantitative Aptitude

In Quantitative Aptitude section specifically, read the question twice before answering to avoid silly mistakes. The common topics of this section are as follows:

  1. Divisibility, LCM, HCF
  2. Numbers, Decimals, Fractions, Powers
  3. Profit, Loss
  4. Simple interest and Compound interest
  5. Speed, Distance, Time
  6. Work and wages
  7. Trains, Boats, Streams-upstream/downstream, Circular track questions
  8. Cistern and pipes
  9. Seating arrangements, Calender dates
  10. Logarithms
  11. Probability
  12. Permutations and combinations
  13. Mensuration
  14. Algebra, Percentages
  15. Ratio, Proportion, Partnerships
  16. Geometry
  17. Mixtures and Allegations
  18. Simplification and approximations
  19. Age
  20. Progressions-arithmetic, Geometric, and Harmonic
  21. Quadratic Equations
  22. Trigonometry
  23. Heights and Distances
  24. Simple Equations
  25. Inequalities

Logical Reasoning

While solving Logical Reasoning questions, remember to never make any assumptions of your own unless specifically asked in the question. Also, make it a habit to write all given information and data before starting to solve the question. The common topics of the Logical Reasoning sections are given below.

  1. Coding Decoding
  2. Series-missing number, odd one out
  3. Cause and Effect
  4. Direction and Ranking
  5. Blood relations
  6. Syllogism
  7. Assumptions, Premise and Conclusion
  8. Assertion and Reasoning
  9. Symbol based problems
  10. Input and output
  11. Statements and Assumptions
  12. Statements and Arguments
  13. Matrix arrangement
  14. Analogy Test
  15. Mapping and best routes
  16. Objective Reasoning
  17. Selection decision tables

Verbal Reasoning

For acing the Verbal Reasoning section, it is best to develop reading skills. Make it a habit to spend some time reading good books, magazines and newspapers. This will help you improve your reading skills, vocabulary, grammar along with your ability to make logical inferences.

  1. Reading comprehension
  2. Vocabulary-synonyms, antonyms
  3. Contextual library
  4. Jumbled Words
  5. Grammar- Subject-verb agreement
  6. Error detection and correction
  7. Sentence improvements
  8. Sentence rearrangements
  9. Analogy
  10. Theme detection
  11. Idioms and phrases
  12. Paragraph completion
  13. Critical reasoning

Data interpretation

In Data Interpretation questions, as the name suggests the questions are based on making sense out of processed data. The data can be organized in the following formats.

  1. Table chart
  2. Line chart
  3. Bar chart
  4. Pie chart


No matter how good your technical knowledge is, projects are, the score is, and CV is- If you don’t get through the aptitude test, you won’t get to show them off. So, DO NOT take the Aptitude Test for granted and practice adequately for it.

Timed Tests: It is not just about solving the questions, or knowing the solution to the question. The game is to solve maximum number of questions accurately in the set time limit. For an engineering graduate sitting for an IT job, the difficulty level of questions is not a concern. The concern is time. You need to practice giving timed tests and solving maximum questions within the given time limit to make it through.

Acquaint yourself to the Test Environment: Check out beforehand, the mode of the examination, the number and types of questions asked, the cut-off percentage etc. To acquaint yourself with the environment, give ample mock tests and check out previous year's question papers of the company online.

You can also read about mock interview and Ensemble Learning

Final Tip!

Don’t be overwhelmed by the aptitude test or be overconfident. Just keep practicing and you will sail through!

Frequently Asked Questions

Why is aptitude important in placement?

For placements, aptitude is necessary to assess the applicant’s problem-solving and reasoning abilities.

How do you practice aptitude for placements?

There are certain topics which the companies ask from. Make sure you have seen previous year's question papers and analyzed which topics hold the most importance after which you can practice questions online and from books.

Which are the most important topics in aptitude?

The most important topics for aptitude tests include – time and work, pipes and cisterns, age problems, profits and loss, percentages, allegations and mixture, and permutations and combinations.

What are the important chapters in quantitative aptitude for campus placement?

The most important chapters in quantitative aptitude for campus placement include – number system, averages, ratio and proportion, percentages, time and distance, mixture and allegation, permutations and combinations, probability, geometry, and algebra.

How do I start preparing for aptitude?

You can attempt mock tests online and refer to books.

How can I study for aptitude?

Refer to blogs and articles online or pick a good book to practice all questions which have all the topics you need.


In this article, we have discussed the most important aptitude topics for placements. Understanding the most important aptitude topics for placements is crucial for success in competitive recruitment processes. From quantitative aptitude to logical reasoning, mastering these topics enhances problem-solving skills and boosts confidence. With diligent practice and strategic preparation, candidates can effectively navigate placement assessments and secure promising career opportunities.

You can also consider our Aptitude Course to give your career an edge over others.

To read more, click here.

Guided path
Data structures & algorithms (Beginner to Intermediate)
13 chapters
109+ Problems
Earn badges and level up
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