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Table of contents
1.
Scope of Computer Science
2.
Job Picture of Computer Science
2.1.
Software Developer
2.2.
Database Administrator
2.3.
Computer System Analyst
2.4.
Web Developer
2.5.
Computer Hardware Engineer
3.
Technical Skills Important for Computer Science Interviews
3.1.
Programming Languages and Coding
3.2.
Operating Systems
3.3.
Cloud Computing
3.4.
Data Science
3.5.
Software Development
3.6.
Debugging
3.7.
Technical Writing
4.
Basic-level Interview Questions
5.
Intermediate-level Interview Questions
6.
Advanced Level Interview Questions
7.
Importance of Soft Skills in the Computer Science Interview
7.1.
Communication and Presentation Abilities
7.2.
Empathy
7.3.
Curiosity
7.4.
Adaptability
8.
Conclusion
Last Updated: Jun 14, 2024

Top Computer Science Interview Questions and Answers

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While knowing how to respond to general interview questions is essential, preparing for industry-specific questions is vital to demonstrate your knowledge and understanding of computer science and, finally, to secure a job. 

Top Computer Science Interview Questions and Answers

This article will cover the most common interview questions for freshers in computer science and provide examples of responses to help you get ready for the next step in your career.

Also see,  Operating System Interview Questions

Scope of Computer Science

Computer science is a field that brings rewarding and fruitful careers. Due to the wide range of opportunities available in this domain, you will face stiff competition to land your dream job. Computer science is a rapidly expanding field with numerous career opportunities. A Computer Science interview is used to evaluate a candidate's knowledge of computer science. The interview is designed to test the candidate's knowledge and understanding of computer science concepts such as programming, data structures, and algorithms. The candidate's communication skills may also be evaluated during the interview, such as presenting complex information clearly and concisely.

We live in the digital age, and computers have led us to incredible breakthroughs. The computer network is essential for smartphones, laptops, and social media. Computer science is driving the current industry. The following reason is a need for more opportunities. Opportunities help to improve the world. Your degree as a computer science engineer is valuable and can even lead to global opportunities. This is one of the reasons that they are in high demand. Your abilities as a computer science engineer are your superpowers. A computer engineer possesses critical thinking, problem-solving, and analytical skills that will aid your personal development. Later in this article, we will cover all interview questions for freshers in computer science, along with the category.

Job Picture of Computer Science

job picture of computer science

When you learn computer science, you can pursue a career in any of the roles listed below. For each of these roles, you must go through interview questions for freshers in computer science.

Software Developer

Software developers use a variety of skills and tools to design, program, build, deploy, and maintain software. Additionally, they contribute to the development of software systems that run networks and other devices and guarantee their continued operation.

Database Administrator

Database administrators ensure that databases run smoothly. Database administrators and architects design and build systems to store and secure data, such as financial and customer shipping records. They also ensure that authorized users have access to the data.

Computer System Analyst

Computer systems analysts, also known as systems architects, investigate and design improvements to an organization's existing computer systems and procedures. As a result, these analysts contribute to the organization's overall efficiency.

Web Developer

Websites are created and maintained by web developers. They are also in charge of the site's technical aspects, such as performance and capacity, which are measures of a website's speed and capacity to handle the traffic.

Must Read Web Developer Interview Questions

Computer Hardware Engineer

Computer hardware engineers are responsible for the research, design, development, and testing of computer components and systems such as circuit boards. Computer hardware engineers are responsible for the research, design, development, and testing of computer components and systems such as processing units, circuit boards, memory chips, networks, and routers.

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Technical Skills Important for Computer Science Interviews

Technical Skills Important for Computer Science Interviews

Programming Languages and Coding

Computer scientists use a variety of programming languages, each with its own set of features. Frequently, Python gets referenced by experts as one of the most efficient. On the other hand, Java can handle vast quantities of code and has relatively strict constraints, resulting in fewer runtime errors. C, C++, Mean, and Ruby are other programming languages.

Operating Systems

How an operating system is configured and implemented significantly impacts how various components operate. As a result, an engineer must fully comprehend the implications of these decisions.

Cloud Computing

For scalability and broader data and software distribution, many businesses rely on outsourcing technologies such as Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform. As a result, computer engineers must be highly skilled in using cloud apps.

Data Science

To be proficient in Data Science, you must master and comprehend the concepts of Machine Learning, Statistics, Software Engineering, and many more through various data science courses.

Software Development

It is essential to comprehend that, in most cases, the role of a developer differs from that of an engineer. A developer is responsible for creating programs tailored to specific needs, whereas an engineer is responsible for creating the underlying frameworks on which the applications run.

Debugging

Debugging is essential for computer science engineers because it allows them to keep computing systems running smoothly and accurately. Hardware specialists should be able to detect, analyze, and correct malfunctions or anomalies before they become a problem for users.

Technical Writing

It documents technical tasks, operations, and processes in readable formats such as reports, briefs, project summaries, and proposals. Although the responsibilities of a technical writer are not constrained to writing, you must be comfortable with the entire project scenario from beginning to end.

Basic-level Interview Questions

The following are some detailed computer science interview questions and answers for freshers that are frequently asked in entry-level positions. These questions are the basic interview questions for freshers in computer science.

  1. What is a computer system?
    A computer system comprises a CPU, memory, an operating system (OS), and other devices connected to it (keyboard, mouse, speakers, etc.).
     
  2. What do you mean by "microprocessor"?
    A microprocessor is an integrated circuit that serves as a computer system's central processing unit.
     
  3. What are the different parts of a Computer System?
Parts of computer system

A computing system is made up of the following parts:

  • Memory (primary and secondary).
     
  • The control unit and the arithmetic-logical unit are housed in the Central Processing Unit.
     
  • Devices for input and output include a mouse, keyboard, printer, and speakers.
     

4. Can you name a few popular operating systems?
Some of the most popular OS are Microsoft Windows, Mac, Linux, and OSX.

5. What exactly do you mean by SDLC?
SDLC (Systems development life cycle or application development life cycle) refers to the process of designing, planning, deploying, and testing a system. It focuses on efficiently producing a software product.

6. List a few well-known computer processors.
Some of the most popular computer processors are the Pentium, Intel Core i7, Intel Core i5, AMD Ryzen 5, and AMD Ryzen 7.

Also read - AMD vs Intel

7. What exactly is a framework?
A framework is a platform for developing software applications. It provides the foundation for developing a program for a specific platform. It could be made up of predefined functions and classes. A framework can be used to manage the hardware, inputs, and system software.

8. How does inheritance work?

working of inheritance

Inheritance is a method of structuring code so that multiple classes can share it. Inheritance allows the code to be shared between classes and allows different implementations of the same class to exist in different contexts. Inheritance is a powerful tool for making your code more maintainable and understandable. In programming, inheritance is a fundamental concept. It's a method of organizing code so that multiple classes can share it.

9. What is an Integrated Development Environment?
An Integrated Development Environment(IDE) is a graphical user interface (GUI) based software program. It is intended to assist programmers in creating applications by providing the necessary programs and libraries.

Intermediate-level Interview Questions

The below mentioned questions are intermediate-level interview questions for freshers in computer science.

  1. What exactly do you mean by a file?
    A file is a location where Data and Information are stored. They are always found inside a storage device using the name assigned. They either keep the information permanently or until you delete it. They are an essential part of computer science.
     
  2. Why do you use the terms "Class" and "Superclass"?
    Class defines an object's characteristics, such as how it will respond to a message and what type of message the object will respond to. Any class from which the subclass is derived is known as the superclass (also the base class or the parent class).
     
  3. How do you define a chipset?
    A chipset controls communication between different devices and is critical for determining whether or not a computer system is functioning correctly. It manages the communication between all computer components, including the CPU, storage, and RAM. It tells you which USB devices your motherboard can support and how many Chipsets primarily assist a computer system in controlling peripheral components like the keyboard, monitor, mouse, or printer.
     
  4. In computer science, what is inheritance?
    Inheritance is a programming concept that is commonly used in computer science professions. It is a property that is passed down from a superclass to a subclass.
     
  5. What is a Destructor?
    A destructor function is a class member function that deletes or destroys objects.
     
  6. What is the purpose of a Byte Stream?
    We use the byte stream to implement Unicode input and output with 8 bits.
     
  7. Can you tell the difference between a method and a constructor?
    There are numerous distinctions between method and constructor. A method is used to perform a function, whereas a constructor is used to create an instance of a class. The constructor does not have a return type, whereas the method does. Furthermore, the name of a method can differ or be the same depending on your needs, but the name of a constructor must always be the same as the class name. The method must be called explicitly, and the compiler does not provide any methods. When we create a class object, the constructor is called automatically, and the compiler provides a default compiler.
     
  8. What is a cache?
    A cache is a temporary storage space for the data that is frequently accessed. Caches are helpful for organizations that need to store vast amounts of data quickly. They can also be used to boost performance by lowering the amount of data that must be retrieved from the network.
     
  9. What is a deadlock?
Deadlock in OS

A deadlock occurs when two or more than two processes are waiting for each other to complete. Deadlock occurs when one process must wait for another to complete before proceeding. The waiting process will be completed once the other process is completed. This can be a problem if you have to wait for a long time, as it can cause your system to crash.
 

10. Describe firewalls.
Firewalls are software programs that guard your computer against viruses and other malware. They are also used to protect your privacy and prevent unauthorized access to your computer. Firewalls are frequently used in tandem with antivirus software.

Advanced Level Interview Questions

The advanced-level interview questions for freshers in computer science are given below.

  1. What is meant by cryptography?
    Cryptography, also known as cryptology, is the study and application of secure communication techniques. It focuses on techniques for preventing unauthorized parties from accessing your information or communication.
     
  2. What is an Algorithm?
    A definite sequence of executable and well-defined instructions made for solving a class of problems or performing a computation is referred to as an algorithm.
    Learn more about jQuery interview questions  click here.
  3. What is WWW?
    The WWW(World Wide Web) is an information system that allows web resources (such as documents) to be accessed via the internet. These resources can be linked together using hypertext and are identified by Uniform Resource Locators (URLs).
     
  4. What is the Internet?
    The internet is a global network of computer systems that provides access to a variety of communication and information services. Users with the appropriate permissions on any computer system can obtain information from another computer system or interact with users on that system.
     
  5. How do you define an operating system?
    An operating system (OS) is software that interacts with the hardware and allows other programs to run. Every smartphone, tablet, and computer system has an operating system that provides the device with basic functionality. Linux, OS X, and Microsoft Windows are all popular operating systems.
     
  6. What is the primary difference between a thread and a process?
    A thread is a section of a process, whereas a process is a program that is running. A process cannot have multiple threads but vice versa.
     
  7. What does Primary Memory mean?
    The primary memory of a computer system is the main memory that can be accessed via the Central Processing Unit (CPU). It temporarily stores information until the specific process completes its execution.
     
  8. Differentiate between an interpreter and a compiler?
    There are numerous differences between a compiler and an interpreter. The first difference is speed. Interpreted code is slower to execute than compiled code.
    Because the interpreter does not generate an output program, you must evaluate the source while running the code, whereas the compiler generates an output program in the form of an excel file that can be run independently of the source.
    The interpreter is best suited for the development environment, whereas the compiler is more challenging to execute because you can't predict what will happen at turn time. Furthermore, the interpreter only accepts one line of code as input, whereas the compiler accepts the entire program as input.
     
  9. What is a wrapper class?
    A wrapper class is one that inherits from another class and then provides a set of methods and properties unique to its own purpose. Wrappers are commonly used to conceal implementation details from the user, allowing the developer to emphasize the business logic.
     
  10. In Java, what are multiple inheritances?
    Multiple Inheritance in Java is a technique for passing multiple copies of a specific class or interface to a child's class. When you want to ensure that some code is always available to your child's classes, this can be useful. One method is to create a subclass of the parent class and then provide a copy of the parent class to the child. Another approach is to create multiple inheritances in your Java code and then provide a reference to the parent class to the child.
     
  11. What is database normalization?
    Normalization is a data abstraction and simplification process. It is a method of making data easier to understand and work with. For example, if you have a considerable number of numbers in your data set, you can normalize it by breaking them down into smaller pieces, such as dividing by 10. This makes it easier to work with the data and identify trends and patterns. You can also normalize your data by increasing its consistency.

Importance of Soft Skills in the Computer Science Interview

Importance of Soft skills in the computer science interview

Whether you want to work in web development, game design, machine learning, or virtual reality, the following are some essential soft skills for today's computer scientists:

Communication and Presentation Abilities

You're a natural problem solver, but can you justify your choice and make a compelling case for why it should be implemented? Computer scientists are increasingly being asked to present the reasoning behind their work to stakeholders.

Empathy

The goal of empathy is to see the world through the eyes of others. From a professional standpoint, empathy can help you build better solutions by training yourself to see the technical problems as more than mathematical puzzles and as opportunities to solve actual user pain points. Imagine how technology will function in context and serve audiences to help guide your work in new directions.

Curiosity

Curiosity is an essential component of the scientific process of investigation, experimentation, and problem-solving. And computer science is no exception. Students in this field who maintain a sense of curiosity in their minds are often the most driven, motivated, and inspiring to work with.

Adaptability

Time management, another essential soft skill, is frequently linked with adaptability. In today's distracted world, juggling, struggling to make choices, and changing priorities are personal challenges for every worker.

For a technologist who may have a large number of people depending on their work to advance, setting aside chunks of time that allow you to get into the flow of focused work while adhering to deadlines is incredibly crucial.

Conclusion

Computer technology is an essential part of modern life. This is why computer science skills are in high demand across various industries. We looked at the top computer science interview questions that are asked repeatedly in many interviews in this article. We hope that these interview questions for freshers in computer science and their answers will assist you in obtaining a rewarding job in the field of computer science.

Recommended Readings:

You can refer to our guided paths on Coding Ninjas Studio to learn more about DSA, Competitive Programming, JavaScript, System Design, etc. Enrol in our courses and refer to the mock test and problems available. Take a look at the interview experiences and interview bundle for placement preparations.

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