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Table of contents
1.
Introduction
2.
What is Biometrics?
3.
Types of Biometrics
3.1.
Physical Biometrics
3.1.1.
Facial recognition
3.1.2.
Fingerprint recognition
3.1.3.
DNA matching
3.1.4.
Retina scan
3.1.5.
Ear authentication
3.2.
Behavioural Biometrics
3.2.1.
Voice recognition
3.2.2.
Keystroke method
3.2.3.
Signature recognition
4.
FAQs
5.
Key Takeaways
Last Updated: Mar 27, 2024
Easy

Types of Biometrics

Author HET FADIA
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Ashwin Goyal
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Introduction

This article will explore different types of Biometrics used to identify an individual.

Before we see the types of Biometrics, it is important to understand the meaning of Biometrics.

What is Biometrics?

Biometrics is the identification of an individual using physical characteristics.

The examples of Biometrics are:

  • Fingerprint
  • Face scan
  • Retina Scan
  • Heart rate sensors
  • Voice recognition
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Types of Biometrics

Biometrics can be broadly classified into two types:

  • Physical Biometrics
  • Behavioural Biometrics

Physical Biometrics

Physical Biometrics identifies an individual based on physical characteristics like fingerprints, facial scans, DNA etc.

Physical Biometrics are further classified into:

  • Facial recognition
  • Fingerprint recognition
  • DNA matching
  • Retina scan
  • Ear authentication

Facial recognition

Facial recognition is used to identify an individual by scanning the face of the person. Most smartphones have this feature. 

Fingerprint recognition

Fingerprint recognition is one of the oldest recognition methods. Each individual has a unique fingerprint; therefore, this method is highly used. Fingerprint recognition is used in smartphones and computers to unlock the device. 

DNA matching

DNA contains genetic information. Thus DNA matching is used to identify whether a man is the biological father of another person. DNA matching is also used to trace criminals. 

Retina scan

In this scan, the blind spot of the eye and the blood vessels on the surface of the retina is observed. 

Ear authentication

We use the external ear of an individual to distinguish him in this authentication. The human ear shape is unique, and thus this scan is quite accurate.

Behavioural Biometrics

In this identification method, we see the characteristics of the person’s behaviour.

Behavioural Biometrics is further divided into:

  • Voice recognition
  • Keystroke method
  • Signature recognition

Voice recognition

Voice recognition is used in intelligent buildings. Voice recognition identifies an individual based on voice frequency and other voice characteristics.

Keystroke method

The keystroke dynamics identifies an individual based on the keystrokes they make on the keyboard.

Signature recognition

Signature recognition has been used since long ago for identification. We use signatures in banks, property papers etc., for authentication.

FAQs

1. What is Biometrics?

Biometrics is used to distinguish an individual from others by using physical characteristics like fingerprints, retina scans etc.

2. What are the uses of Biometrics?

Biometrics are used for unlocking phones and laptops. They are used at the airport and law enforcement to identify an individual.

3. What are the two main types of Biometrics?

The two main types of Biometrics are physical and behavioural Biometrics.

4. What are behavioural Biometrics?

In behavioural Biometrics, we identify the person based on the characteristics of the person’s behaviour. Signature recognition is an example of behavioural Biometrics where we identify an individual based on the person's signature.

5. What are the examples of physical Biometrics?

Examples of physical Biometrics are DNA matching, retina scan etc.

Key Takeaways

In this article, we have extensively discussed the types of Biometrics. 

We hope that this blog has helped you enhance your knowledge regarding types of biometrics, and if you would like to learn more, check out our articles on:

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