Code360 powered by Coding Ninjas X Code360 powered by Coding Ninjas X
Last Updated: Mar 27, 2024

What is Ruby?

Author Anju Jaiswal
0 upvote
Data structures & algorithms (Beginner to Intermediate)
Free guided path
13 chapters
99+ problems
Earn badges and level up


In this post, we'll discuss the Ruby programming language, why it's so well-liked among cloud developers, and what Ruby may be used for.

"A Programmer's Best Friend" is Ruby.


                                                         Source - Link

Smalltalk, Perl, and Python-like features can be found in Ruby. Scripting languages include Perl, Python, and Smalltalk.

A simple object-oriented language is Smalltalk. Ruby is an ideal object-oriented language, just like Smalltalk. It is considerably simpler to use Ruby syntax than Smalltalk syntax.


In 1993, Yukihiro Matsumoto (also known as Matz) developed Ruby in Japan. Until 1995, when he made Ruby available to the whole audience, Matz kept Ruby to himself. In the ensuing years, Matz's native Japan saw a rapid uptake of Ruby, and starting in 2000, the rest of the programming world began to take notice.

                                                          Source - Link

Since then, Ruby's popularity has increased primarily due to the success of the Ruby on Rails web application development framework.

The best part about Ruby is that it is free to use and download as open source. It is freely reproducible, adaptable, and transferable.        

Get the tech career you deserve, faster!
Connect with our expert counsellors to understand how to hack your way to success
User rating 4.7/5
1:1 doubt support
95% placement record
Akash Pal
Senior Software Engineer
326% Hike After Job Bootcamp
Himanshu Gusain
Programmer Analyst
32 LPA After Job Bootcamp
After Job

What is Ruby?

Do you want to learn a new programming language but are unsure which one to choose?

Ruby programming has probably been discussed if you've read much or have any experience with computer programming.

Programming language Ruby is dynamic, reflective, object-oriented, and multipurpose. Purely speaking, Ruby is an Object-Oriented language. Except for blocks, which have substitutes in the form of procs and lambda, everything in Ruby is an object. Making Ruby function as a logical barrier between human programmers and the underlying computing infrastructure was the primary goal of its development.


                                                               Source - Link

An open-source, object-oriented scripting language is called Ruby. A scripting language doesn't communicate with hardware directly, unlike languages like C and C++. After being written to a text file, an interpreter parses it and converts it to code. Typically procedural, these programs are read from top to bottom.

Features of Ruby

  • Although Ruby is open-source and freely accessible on the Internet, it is bound by a license.
  • Ruby is an interpreted, general-purpose programming language.
  • Actual object-oriented programming is done in this language.
  • Similar to Python and PERL, it is a server-side scripting language.
  • Common Gateway Interface (CGI) scripts can be written in Ruby.
  • Hypertext Markup Language can incorporate it (HTML).
  • A fresh developer may quickly and easily pick up Ruby's syntax because it is clear and straightforward.
  • Many computer languages, including C++ and Perl, use syntax that is comparable to this one.
  • Large Ruby programs can be easily managed and are very scalable.
  • Applications for the Internet and intranet can be created using it.
  • Both Windows and POSIX environments support its installation.
  • Many GUI tools, including Tcl/Tk, GTK, and OpenGL, are supported by Ruby.
  • Connecting to Sybase, DB2, MySQL, and Oracle is simple.
  • There are several useful built-in functions in Ruby that may be utilized right away in scripts.

Ruby vs Python




  • High-level language
  • support a variety of platforms
  • Use an interactive prompt called IRB
  • Server-side scripting language

Frequently Asked Questions

What does RubyGems mean in the context of Ruby programming language?

To share Ruby programs and libraries, RubyGems offers a standard format. It performs the function of a Ruby programming language package management. Since Ruby version 1.9, RubyGems has been a part of the standard library.

In Ruby, describe the case statement.

In Ruby, we substitute "case" for "switch" and "when" for "case." Similar to a switch statement in other languages, a case statement matches one statement with many criteria.

What is a Ruby yield statement?

A block inside a method is called with a value using the yield statement.


This article discussed Ruby's object-oriented programming language, its history, various exciting features, and its similarities and differences with Python.

Refer to our Guided Path on Coding Ninjas Studio to upskill yourself in Data Structures and AlgorithmsCompetitive ProgrammingJavaScriptSystem DesignMachine learning and many more! If you want to test your competency in coding, you may check out the mock test series and participate in the contests hosted on Coding Ninjas Studio! But if you have just started your learning process and are looking for questions asked by tech giants like Amazon, Microsoft, Uber, etc; you must look at the problemsinterview experiences, and interview bundle for placement preparations.

Nevertheless, you may consider our paid courses to give your career an edge over others!

Do upvote our blogs if you find them helpful and engaging!

Happy Learning!!

Previous article
History of Ruby
Next article
How to Check Ruby Version
Guided path
Data structures & algorithms (Beginner to Intermediate)
13 chapters
109+ Problems
Earn badges and level up
Live masterclass