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Table of contents
1.
Introduction
2.
WPF Interview Questions
3.
Logical Thinking
4.
Conclusion
Last Updated: Mar 27, 2024

WPF Interview Questions

Introduction

This article will check the most important interview questions on the concept "WPF," which refers to Windows Presentation Foundation, a popular and most powerful tool for building desktop client applications.


Also Read: Java OOPs Interview Questions

WPF Interview Questions

Q1. What is WPF?

WPF stands for Windows Presentation Foundation, the latest presentation API by Windows Microsoft. It is basically a 2D and 3D graphic engine. The main list of WPF uses are as follows:

  1.  Check Boxes, buttons, sliders, and all other standard user controls.
  2. It supports flow and also fixes format documents.
  3. Data Binding, Multimedia, and many more.

 

It is regarded as an essential tool for programmers of applications. For the building of applications, WPF comes with a complete collection of built-in features, including controls, an application model, data binding, layout, 2D and 3D graphics, animation, styles, templates, documents, resources, typography, etc.
 

Q2. What is meant by a resource in WPF?

In Windows Presentation Foundation, a resource is a type of object that can reuse across many places. This concept simplified a way to reuse things and values. A unique key is assigned to each resource so it can be used from another site in the application. For example, resources such as styles, brushes, bitmap images, etc., in various positions within our WPF application. 

Coming to the declaration of WPF resources, it can be done at the application level in App.xml. WPF resources can also be declared at the Windows/User control or panel levels.

The resources are best defined at a Window or Page element level. Your definition of a resource for one element also applies to any children of that element. The resources designated for window elements, for instance, can be accessed by the grid element if you define a resource for a window element with a grid as a child element. If a resource is defined for the grid element, it only affects its child elements, though.

There are two different kinds of resources:

  1.  Static 
  2. Dynamic
     

Q3. What are Freezable objects in WPF?

A unique kind of object known as a Freezable has two states: unfrozen and frozen. A Freezable behaves like any other object when it is not frozen. A Freezable cannot be changed once it has been frozen.

A Freezable offers a changed event to let observers know when the object has changed. A Freezable's performance can be enhanced by freezing it because it no longer needs to expend resources for change notifications. Unlike an unfrozen Freezable, a frozen Freezable can also be shared across threads.

Although there are numerous uses for the Freezable class, most Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) Freezable objects are connected to the graphics subsystem.

A Freezable object is an object that has its state locked down, due to which it becomes unchangeable. These freezable objects perform much better than everyday objects. Using freezable objects is safer if they are required to be shared among the threads of an application.

Example:

SolidColorBrush tempBrush = new SolidColorBrush(Colors.Blue);
tempBrush.Freeze(); //making the object freeze.
/*if you try to change the color of the tempBrush object, it will give you an InvalidOperationException as it can’t be modified. */

 

Q4. Is it possible to use Windows Forms in a WPF application?

It is Yes., as we can undoubtedly use Windows Form in the WPF application. These Windows forms can appear as a WPF pop. The Windows Form controls can be placed beside the WPF controls on our WPF page using the typical functions of WIndowsFormsHost control.


 

Q5. Explain data binding in WPF.

In Windows Presentation Foundation, we have a concept called Data Binding that allows data to be automatically updated among business models and user interfaces. 

This concept enables WPF applications to present and access data consistently and straightforwardly. When binding is allowed in our WPF application, the changes to the data in our business model will automatically be reflected in the UI elements. 

The source properties of a data binding can be either normal “.NET” properties or Dependency properties, but the target/destination properties must always be DependencyProperties.
 

Q6. Why are layout panels needed in WPF and also write their different types?

In our WPF applications, the layout panels are typically used to arrange the GUI elements. Layout panels are necessary to ensure that your control fits different screen sizes. The different types of layout panels that we can use in our WPF applications are as follows:

  1. Wrap Panel
  2. Grid Panel
  3. Canvas Panel
  4. Dock Panel
  5. Virtualising Stack Panel
  6. Stock Panel.

 

This is a standard topic among WPF interview questions.
 

Q7. What is BAML in WPF?

In WPF applications, the MarkupCompiler will convert the XAML into BAML, a more compact binary version of XAML. BAML stands for Binary Application Markup File, a compressed declarative language that loads and parses faster than XAML.

A.baml (Binary XAML) file can be created by compiling a XAML file and inserting it as a resource into a.NET Framework assembly. The .baml file is extracted from assembly resources during runtime by the framework engine, which then parses it and generates a corresponding WPF visual tree or workflow.
 

Q8. What are the types of windows in WPF?

In WPF applications, we can majorly observe three types of window formats:

  1. Normal Window
  2. Navigate Window
  3. Page Window

 

Note: This is a standard topic among WPF interview questions.
 

Q9. Explain Routed events in WPF.

In Windows Presentation Foundation, an event that can invoke handlers on more than one listener present in an element tree instead of a single object is called Routed Event.
An event of this sort, known as a routed event, can call handlers on more than one listener in an element tree in addition to the object that triggered the event. It is essentially a CLR event provided by a Routed Event class object. It is listed in the WPF event database. The three basic routing strategies used by RoutedEvents are as follows:

  1. Tunnel Event
  2. Direct Event
  3. Bubbling Event
     

Q10. What is the unit of measurement in WPF applications?

All measurements are conducted in logical or device-independent pixels. Typically, one pixel is equivalent to 1/96th of an inch. It was always said that these logical pixels were double so that they may also have a fractional value.

This is a standard topic among WPF interview questions.
 

Q11. How many types of resources are available in WPF?

In WPF, we can observe two major types of resources. They are 

  1. Static Resource
  2. Dynamic Resource

 

Note: This is a standard topic among WPF interview questions.
 

Q12. What is the Path animation in WPF?

In WPF, we can observe a different type of animation called Path animation, in which the animated object follow a path set by path geometry.
Path animations are helpful for animating an object along a complicated path. Using a MatrixTransform and a MatrixAnimationUsingPath to transform an object along a hard way is one method of moving an object along a path. The Matrix property of a MatrixTransform is animated in the example that follows using the MatrixAnimationUsingPath object. A button is given the MatrixTransform, which makes it move in a curved direction. The rectangle spins along the tangent of the route since the DoesRotateWithTangent attribute is true.

Q13. What is the difference between Page Control and Window Control in WPF?

Page Controls preside over the general hosted browser applications, whereas window controls preside over windows applications. Here Page controls cannot window control, but vice versa can be possible.

This is a standard topic among WPF interview questions.
 

Q14. How many types of documents are supported by WPF?

There are majorly two types of documents that WPF supports. They are: 

Flow format document, Fixed format document. Flow format allows us to use after the content to fit on the screen size. Whereas fixed design presents content irrespective of the screen size.

Fixed Format document: a format akin to "what you see is what you get." These fixed type set, print-ready documents are XPS (Open XML Paper Specification) based.

FLOW DOCUMENT: A flow document is made to automatically "reflow content" in response to changes in window size, device resolution, and other environmental factors. Because they are dynamic, they can layout the material differently depending on window size and resolution factors.
 

Q15. What namespace is required for working with 3D?

To develop applications that use 3D effects, we have to use System.Windows.Media.Media3D namespace provides acceptable methods and classes.

Note: This is a standard topic among WPF interview questions.
 

Q16. What is CLR in WPF?

CLR stands for Common Language Runtime. It is just a typical runtime environment for DOT NET applications.

A set of services offered by the Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) can be utilised to increase the functionality of a common language runtime (CLR) property. These services are frequently referred to as the WPF property system as a whole. A dependency property has the support of the WPF property system.

This is a standard topic among WPF interview questions.
 

Q17. What is CustomControl?

In WPF, CustomControl is used to expand the functions of existing controls. It contains the default style in the theme and code file.

Both Windows Forms client and ASP.NET Web apps can be created using the custom control idea. Custom server controls are used in ASP.NET pages, while custom client controls are used in Windows Forms apps (Web forms). Because of the straightforward programming methods used in.NET, custom controls are simpler than in earlier Windows versions.

The phrase "custom control" is a general one that also refers to user controls. In contrast to Windows Forms, where user control refers to a composite control with a consistent user interface (UI) and behaviour within or across programmes, user control in ASP.NET is 
 

Q18. What is path animation in WPF?

Path animation is one of the forms of energy in WPF. In this type of animation, the animated objects follow a path set by the path geometry.

Both Windows Forms client and ASP.NET Web apps can be created using the custom control idea. Custom server controls are used in ASP.NET pages, while custom client controls are used in Windows Forms apps (Web forms). Because of the straightforward programming methods used in.NET, custom controls are simpler than in earlier Windows versions.

The phrase "custom control" is a general one that also refers to user controls. In contrast to Windows Forms, where user control refers to a composite control with a consistent user interface (UI) and behaviour within or across programmes, user control in ASP.NET is produced using ASP.NET code and reused in other Web pages.

Note: This is a standard topic among WPF interview questions.

 

Q19. Is MDI (Multiple Device Interfacing) supported in WPF?

Unfortunately, In WPF, the MDI concept won't work. The same functionality of MDI can be seen by using UserControl.

Note: This is a standard topic among WPF interview questions.
 

Q20. What was MVVM when it was introduced?

Model View ViewModel is referred to as MVVM. It is a framework for developing WPF apps. Similar to the MVC framework, it exists. It has three tiers and an additional layer. Loose coupling can also accomplished with MVVM.

The Model View ViewModel (MVVM) is a software engineering architectural pattern developed by Microsoft, a company that specialises in the Presentation Model design pattern. It is designed for modern UI development platforms (WPF and Silverlight) where there is a UX developer that has different requirements than a more "traditional" developer. It is based on the Model-view-controller paradigm (MVC). MVVM is a technique for developing client applications that use key WPF platform features, enables straightforward unit testing of application functionality, and facilitates easier collaboration between developers and designers.

Must Read Web Developer Interview Questions
 

Q21. What are the advantages of MVVM architecture?

The following are the advantages of MVVM architecture: Modularity, Separation of UI and Business layer as view and view model, Ease of maintenance, Code sharing, and Test-driven approach.

  1. MVVM makes it simpler to construct a UI and the components that support it in tandem.
  2. By abstracting the View, MVVM lessens the amount of business logic (or glue) needed in the underlying code.
  3. Comparatively speaking to event-driven code, the ViewModel may be simpler to unit test.
  4. Since the ViewModel is more of a model than a view, UI automation and interaction are not an issue during testing.
     

Note: This is a standard topic among WPF interview questions.
 

Q22. How can the size of the StatusBar be increased proportionally?

We can increase the size of the StatusBar by overruling the ItemsPanel attribute of StatusBar with a grid. To get the desired result, the grid’s columns can be appropriately configured.
 

Q23. Name the methods present in the DependencyObject.

DependencyObject has three objects: SetValue, ClearValue, and GetValue.

  1. SetValue
  2. Clearblue
  3. GetValue
     

Q24. What are some of the joint assemblies used in WPF?

Joint Assemblies in WPF are PresentationFoundation, WindowsBase, and PresentationCore.

  1. WindowsBase.dll: This assembly specifies the fundamental types that comprise the foundational WPF API.
  2. PresentationCore.dll:- As the name implies, this assembly specifies many types for the WPF GUI layer.
  3. PresentationFoundation.dll: This file outlines the types of WPF controls, as well as the animation, multimedia, and data binding functionality. Additionally, it specifies a few other features.

 

The three namespaces mentioned above are managed namespaces. Along with these three namespaces, WPF also uses the unmanaged milcore.dll library. This library is in charge of handling the DirectX layer. It serves as a link between the DirectX layer and the managed WPF assemblies.

 

Q25. How is the System? Windows.Media.Visual dll used in WPF?

It is utilised when the need to design a unique user interface emerges. It's a drawing that contains directions for creating an object. These instructions cover the drawing's opacity and other details. The MilCore.dll and WPF managed the Visual class also connects classes' functionalities

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Logical Thinking

Although logical questions are possible, you frequently anticipate queries regarding your education, background, and experience when you attend a job interview. A hiring manager can learn more about your problem-solving and critical thinking abilities by asking logical questions. You may improve your professional abilities and do well in a job interview by learning more about logical questions and how to respond to them. In this article, we define logical questions, examine their application in interviews, and provide examples of logical questions and responses.

Conclusion

In this article, we have extensively discussed the most asked WPF interview questions. Here are more articles for the rescue: 

Recommended Readings:

 

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