A dedicated computer application that permits publishing, content modification, editing and maintaining content from a central interface is known as Content Management System. These Content Management Systems are basically utilized to operate websites comprising news, blogs and shopping. The fundamental objective of these CMSs is to make hand coding redundant.
Three major players in Content Management System are WordPress, Joomla & Drupal. Let’s have a look at some of their key features:
WordPress is a PHP and MySQL based CMS which is free & open to use by consumers. WordPress includes a template system & plugin architecture. Being the most popular blogging system, it is utilized by around 60 million consumer websites.
Drupal is free & open to use and is a content management framework created in PHP. Utilized as a back-end framework for a substantial number of websites, it offers services such as personal blogs, company websites and is also renowned for knowledge management portals within and between businesses.
Joomla is designed on a model view controller web application framework which offers an independent use from the CMS. Scribed in PHP, it utilizes the object oriented programming technique & software design patterns. It stores data in MySQL, MS SQL or PostgreSQL and it comprises features like PSS feeds, printable versions of pages, page caching, news flash, blogs & various aspects language internationalization.
Things that these three CMSs have in common:
Primarily, they all are free & open and are licensed under GPL. They all are written in PHP, have their database management system as MySQL with a difference in Joomla & Drupal, which can be used with database management systems, as well. Another significant similarity between these three is they all utilize plugins & modules/extensions for extending features, themes & templates for visual appearances of sites.
How WordPress, Joomla & Drupal are different:
WordPress can be installed in a matter of minutes and most hosting providers for the CMS offer one click install ultimately providing new users the easiness to commence with their website.
Joomla usually takes more time than WordPress but the procedure is identical. Most of the hosting providers offer one click installation for Joomla, similar to WordPress.
Similar to WordPress & Joomla, Drupal is also quick to install and requires downloading, uploading and proceeding with the installation script.
WordPress offers consumers the option to modify the look of their website utilizing the themes. Numerous options are available in terms of themes to choose from the official theme directory of WordPress.
Joomla also provides templates & extensions. With these extensions available, users can do wonders from defining an ecommerce website to email management.
Drupal comes with various options when it comes to theme & modules and offers consumers search options for modules, add desired themes by leaving the website and punching the URL in themes/modules to install the same.
Backed with Support
WordPress has a substantially large consumer base. Support for WordPress can be availed from relevant forums, handbooks, docs, slack channels, Stack Exchange and so on. Moreover, any internet forum explaining web design & development can also be a good source of support.
Joomla is not behind other CMSs in terms of number of users. Joomla website offers a rich resource for beginners with its extensive documents. Users requiring further hand holding can go for more focused and continuous customer support through forums, chatrooms, mailing lists and IRC.
Drupal also has a strong community of consumers & followers. Every support required can be found for Drupal through a dedicated documentation, mailing lists, IRS, Chatrooms and support forums.
WordPress being the most popular CMS across the globe, websites based on this CMS have potential threats from hackers. Keeping this in mind, WordPress has acquired string security codes which respond to security susceptibility swiftly. It also consists of an auto-update mechanism allowing WordPress websites to automatically update in case of a new security patch.
Joomla being very similar to WordPress in terms of security, it aggressively reverts on any security issue and it is very swift to fix it up. Moreover, taking care of maintenance of a website & installing updates is completely up to the consumers.
Drupal takes issues related to security very seriously. It publishes security issues on the website following up to their discovery & patching. Drupal sites are not that often hacked so it’s considered more secure than WordPress and Joomla but, it could also be due to its much lesser popularity than Word Press and Joomla.