Frontend or Backend development, what should you choose to learn and why? There are lots of people out there, upgrading their skills and searching for better opportunities. It is important to identify your capabilities and interests. If you are good at coding or creating designs but are not able to choose the right option for yourself, then we are here to help you.

This post will help you understand what is Frontend vs Backend Developer by providing all the information related to the skills, responsibilities, courses, jobs, and other criteria of Frontend and Backend developers.

Frontend vs Backend Developer – What’s the Difference.

What is Front End Development

Front end development handles everything that a user sees visually in the browser or application. Front end developers, often Javascript developers, take care of the look and feel of a site.  They are engaged in analyzing coding, designing, and debugging applications, while also ensuring a seamless user experience. 

What is Back End Development

Back end development refers to the server-side of an application. It includes everything that communicates between the database and the browser. It focuses on how the site works, making updates and changes, as well as monitoring the functionality of the site. Back-end development usually consists of three parts: a server, an application, and a database.

Anything that is not easily seen with the eye, such as databases and servers, is the work of back end developers.

Programming Languages:

Front-end programming Languages

The role of the frontend developer has evolved. Thus, professional frontend developers now consider developing some more intermediate to advanced JavaScript skills as well as building up experience using a framework such as Angular or React.

The following three languages are most frequently used by front-end developers:

  • HTML
  • CSS
  • Javascript

If you are picking up front end development – we definitely recommend that you also learn react. However that being said, the technology framework might come and go, so keep yourself updated.

Back-end programming Languages

Backend developers need to be proficient in databases and programming languages so that they can render on the server-side of a website or application.

Following are the most popular backend programming languages:

  •  Python
  • Java
  • PHP
  • Ruby on Rails
  •  .Net

Backend developers must also be familiar with databases like MySQL, Oracle, MongoDB, and SQL Server.

Skills

Frontend developer Skills

  • Familiarity with server-side CSS pre-processing platforms, such as LESS and SASS
  • Understanding of client-side scripting and JavaScript frameworks, including jQuery
  • Expert in HTML, XHTML, HTML 5, CSS, JavaScript, JQuery
  • Understanding of Design, UI/UX best practices, SEO, Semantic markup
  • Good understanding of asynchronous request handling, partial page updates, and AJAX
  • Proficient understanding of code versioning tools, such as (Git / Mercurial / SVN)
  • Ability to improve the performance of the website for both mobile and desktop.
  • Understanding of how to design and architect technical solutions for the business problems of a large SAAS application.

Backend developer Skills

  •  Experience in basic system design and architecture.
  • Proficient in CorePHP, Laravel, MySQL, JS, Linux server handling.
  • Experience in working with Elasticsearch, Redis, MongoDB.
  • Familiarity with full-stack development using Java, Spring Boot, Spring MVC, any RDBMS database, JSP/Angular.
  •  In-depth knowledge of Java Design Patterns.
  • Strong knowledge of Web services, REST, JSON, and XML processing and transformation.
  • Experience with both external and embedded databases
  • Good understanding of fundamental design principles behind a scalable application
  • Knowledge of how to debug code at ease and ensure quality code is produced
  • Understanding of implementation of automated testing platforms and unit tests
  • Knowledge of code versioning tools, such as Git

Courses

Frontend developer Courses

Backend developer Courses

Conclusion

The basic difference between a frontend developer and a backend developer is that the former focuses on how a website interacts with a user, while the latter focuses on powering the server-side programming. The demand for Frontend or Backend development and even full-stack developers has been growing rapidly over the last few years. So, no matter which path you choose, there has never been a better time to be a software developer.

Hope this article Frontend vs Backend – What’s the Difference will help you!

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