So you are completing school and have studied Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics?

But what's the next step?

If you are looking for career options to pursue after completing 12th, this is a good place to start!

In this article, let us take a look at some of the best career options to pursue after studying science in Class 12.

Let's start by understanding...

What is PCM?

PCM after Class 12 refers to a combination of subjects in the Science stream โ€“ Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics.

This academic focus is common for students pursuing engineering, technology, architecture, and other scientific disciplines at the undergraduate level in universities and technical institutions.

It provides a strong foundation for careers in engineering, research, and related fields.

Computer Science and Information Technology

Computer Science and Information Technology offer excellent career prospects after 12th due to the ever-expanding role of technology.

High demand for skilled professionals provides opportunities in software development, cybersecurity, data science, and more.

The field is dynamic, offering innovation and growth, making it a lucrative and future-ready career choice.

It involves the study of computer systems, programming languages, software development, networking, and information management.

With the booming IT industry, there is a high demand for computer science professionals. Graduates can work as software developers, system analysts, database administrators, and more.


Architecture is a rewarding career after 12th as it blends creativity with technical skills. Architects design spaces that shape our world, impacting functionality and aesthetics.

With a strong demand for sustainable and innovative designs, architecture offers diverse opportunities, allowing individuals to contribute meaningfully to the built environment.

Architecture is the art and science of designing and constructing buildings and other physical structures.

It involves a combination of creativity, technical knowledge, and environmental consciousness.

Architects can work in architectural firms, construction companies, and urban planning departments, and may even establish their design consultancy.

Aerospace Engineer

Aerospace engineering is a promising career after 12th due to its exciting scope in aviation, space exploration, and defense.

It offers opportunities to work on cutting-edge technologies, design aircraft, and spacecraft, and contribute to advancements in the aerospace industry, making it a dynamic and rewarding field for aspiring engineers.

It deals with the design, development, testing, and production of aircraft, spacecraft, and related systems.

Graduates can work in aerospace and defense industries, research organizations, and aviation companies. Opportunities exist in roles like aerospace engineer, avionics engineer, and research scientist.

These courses offer excellent career prospects, but choosing a field that aligns with your interests and career goals is crucial.

Additionally, remember that the demand for specific fields can change over time, so staying updated on industry trends is crucial.

Data Science and Analytics

Data Science involves extracting meaningful insights and knowledge from structured and unstructured data. It encompasses statistics, machine learning, and data analysis techniques.

Data Science and Analytics offer a promising career after 12th due to the increasing reliance on data-driven decision-making across industries.

With a blend of mathematics, statistics, and programming, professionals in this field extract valuable insights from data, addressing the rising demand for data-driven solutions and fostering innovation in diverse sectors.

With the increasing digitization of businesses, there is a growing demand for data scientists across industries like finance, healthcare, e-commerce, and more.

High demand due to the increasing importance of data-driven decision-making in various sectors.


Biotechnology is a compelling career option after 12th due to its vast applications in medicine, agriculture, and industry.

With advancements in genetic engineering and molecular biology, biotechnologists contribute to breakthroughs in healthcare, the development of genetically modified organisms, and the production of bio-based products.

The field offers a dynamic and innovative work environment, making it an excellent choice for those interested in cutting-edge science and technology, with significant potential for societal impact and career growth.

Biotechnology involves using biological systems, organisms, or derivatives to develop or create new products or processes for various applications.

Biotechnology has applications in healthcare, agriculture, food production, and environmental management, making it a versatile field with diverse career opportunities.

The demand for biotechnologists is high, particularly in pharmaceuticals, healthcare, and agriculture.

Read How to become a Biotechnology Engineer

Nuclear Engineer

Nuclear Engineering is a lucrative career option after 12th due to its crucial role in power generation, medical applications, and research.

As the world seeks sustainable energy solutions, nuclear power is gaining importance.

Nuclear engineers contribute to the development of nuclear technologies, ensuring efficient energy production and addressing global challenges.

With increasing demand and advancements in the field, a career in Nuclear Engineering offers opportunities for innovation, research, and making a significant impact on the future of energy and technology.

Nuclear Engineering involves the study of nuclear reactions, nuclear energy, and applications in fields like power generation, medical imaging, and nuclear weapons.

Nuclear engineers work in power plants, research institutions, and healthcare, contributing to advancements in nuclear technology.

The demand for nuclear engineers is moderate, with opportunities in nuclear power plants, research, and healthcare sectors.

Robotics Engineer

Robotics Engineering is a promising career after 12th due to its multidisciplinary nature and increasing demand for automation.

It combines mechanical, electrical, and computer engineering, offering diverse applications in manufacturing, healthcare, and technology.

With the rise of Industry 4.0, the demand for skilled robotics engineers is high, ensuring excellent career prospects.

This field allows individuals to contribute to cutting-edge technological advancements, making it a dynamic and rewarding choice for those interested in innovation and problem-solving.

Robotics Engineering involves the design, construction, operation, and application of robots. It combines aspects of mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, and computer science.

Robotics is used in manufacturing, healthcare, defense, agriculture,etc. It involves designing robotic systems for automation and artificial intelligence applications.

There is a growing demand for robotics engineers in industries like manufacturing, healthcare, and logistics. As automation and AI technologies advance, the need for skilled robotics professionals is expected to increase.

Mechanical Engineer

Mechanical Engineering is a strong career choice after 12th due to its versatile applications.

It equips individuals to design, analyze, and manufacture mechanical systems, making them valuable in the automotive, aerospace, and energy industries.

The field offers diverse job opportunities, from research and development to project management.

With constant technological advancements, mechanical engineers play a pivotal role in innovation. The global demand for skilled professionals ensures a stable and rewarding career path in Mechanical Engineering.

Mechanical Engineering involves the design, analysis, and manufacturing of mechanical systems. It encompasses a wide range of industries and applications.

Mechanical engineers work in automotive, aerospace, energy, and robotics. They design, analyze, and manufacture mechanical systems and devices.

Mechanical engineer Skills are in demand across various industries due to their versatility. Opportunities exist in design, manufacturing, research, and development.

Chemical Engineer

Chemical Engineering is a compelling career option after 12th due to its diverse applications in industries like pharmaceuticals, petrochemicals, and environmental management.

As a chemical engineer, one can contribute to innovation in process design, optimization, and sustainability.

The field offers excellent job prospects, competitive salaries, and the opportunity to address global challenges.

It combines chemistry, physics, and engineering principles, making it a dynamic and impactful choice for those seeking a rewarding and influential career in applied sciences and technology.

Chemical Engineering involves the design, optimization, and operation of processes that transform raw materials into valuable products.

Chemical engineers work in petrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, and food processing industries. They design and optimize processes for chemicals, materials, and energy production.

Chemical engineers are essential in industries where chemical processes are involved. There is demand in sectors like oil and gas, pharmaceuticals, and environmental engineering.

Read Important Chemical Engineer Skills

Agricultural Engineer

Agricultural Engineering is a compelling career option after 12th due to its crucial role in modernizing and enhancing agricultural practices.

With a focus on technology, machinery, and sustainable solutions, agricultural engineers contribute to increased productivity, resource efficiency, and environmental conservation.

The field offers diverse opportunities, from designing advanced farming equipment to developing innovative irrigation systems.

Given the global emphasis on food security and sustainable agriculture, a career in Agricultural Engineering presents both fulfilling and impactful prospects for those interested in the intersection of technology and agriculture.

Agricultural Engineering involves the application of engineering principles to agricultural production and processing.

Agricultural engineers work on farm machinery, irrigation systems, and food processing. They contribute to sustainable agriculture and food production.

With a focus on modernizing agriculture, there is a demand for agricultural engineers. Opportunities exist in farm machinery design, irrigation systems, and food processing industries.

Read Career Opportunities for Freshers

Environmental Engineer

Environmental Engineering is a promising career option after 12th due to increasing global concern about environmental issues.

With rising awareness of climate change and sustainability, there's a growing demand for professionals who can address these challenges.

A career in Environmental Science offers diverse opportunities in research, policy-making, conservation, and consultancy.

It allows individuals to contribute meaningfully to a sustainable future, making it an intellectually rewarding and socially impactful choice for those passionate about preserving the planet.

Environmental Science focuses on the study of the environment, including ecosystems, climate, biodiversity, and human impact on nature.

The Scope of environmental science is immense and includes roles like Environmental consultants, Wildlife biologists, Conservation office, and Environmental analysts.

With growing concerns about climate change and environmental sustainability, there is an increasing demand for environmental scientists in industries, government agencies, and research organizations.

Aviation Courses

Aviation courses after 12th are a lucrative career option due to the dynamic global aviation industry.

With increasing air travel demand, there's a consistent need for skilled professionals in piloting, aircraft maintenance, and air traffic management.

These courses offer exciting opportunities, competitive salaries, and a chance to work in a high-tech, globally connected field.

Moreover, the aviation sector's continuous growth ensures a stable and rewarding career for individuals passionate about flying and aviation-related disciplines.

Commercial Pilot Training prepares individuals to become licensed pilots to operate commercial aircraft.

With the growth of the aviation industry, there is a continuous demand for skilled and trained commercial pilots, especially with the expansion of airlines and air travel.

Merchant Navy

Merchant Navy courses offer a compelling career option after the 12th due to lucrative salaries, global exposure, and a dynamic work environment.

Graduates become officers on ships, managing navigation, cargo handling, and engine operations.

The profession provides an opportunity for extensive travel and tax-free income. Additionally, the demand for skilled maritime professionals remains high, ensuring stable job prospects.

Overall, the Merchant Navy offers a unique blend of adventure, financial rewards, and professional growth for those seeking a distinctive and rewarding career path after completing 12th grade.

Marine Engineering involves the design, construction, operation, and maintenance of ships and related equipment.

Pursuing this can get you jobs in roles like Marine Engineering, Naval Architecture, Ship Surveyor, etc.

There is a global demand for marine engineers and naval architects as the shipping industry plays a crucial role in international trade and transportation.

These courses offer diverse career opportunities, and the demand for professionals in these fields is expected to remain steady, if not increase, due to the ongoing developments in technology, globalization, and environmental concerns.

Always check the specific admission requirements and curriculum of each college for the most accurate information.

Mathematical and Computational Finance

Mathematical and Computational Finance is a promising career option after 12th because it combines mathematical expertise with financial applications.

Graduates in this field analyze and model financial data, contributing to risk management and investment strategies.

The increasing complexity of financial markets and the reliance on quantitative methods make professionals in Mathematical and Computational Finance highly sought after.

This field offers lucrative investment banking, asset management, and financial consulting opportunities, making it a rewarding choice for those with a strong mathematical aptitude and an interest in finance.

This field involves the application of mathematical models and computational techniques to finance. It includes risk management, financial modeling, and quantitative analysis.

Graduates can work in investment banks, financial institutions, hedge funds, and insurance companies. They can pursue roles such as quantitative analysts, risk analysts, financial consultants, and investment bankers.

Non-Engineering Career Options After 12th

Non-Engineering Career Scope Potential Job Roles
Operations Research Optimization and decision-making in various industries. Operations Research Analyst, Management Consultant, Supply Chain Analyst.
Geology Study of Earth's composition; opportunities in mining and environmental sectors. Geologist, Environmental Consultant, Seismologist.
Astrophysics Investigating celestial phenomena and cosmic structures. Astrophysicist, Research Scientist, Planetarium Coordinator.
Agricultural Science Innovations in farming practices and food production. Agricultural Scientist, Agronomist, Farm Manager.
Statistics and Informatics Analyzing data for business insights and decision-making. Statistician, Business Analyst, Market Researcher.
Meteorology Study of weather patterns and atmospheric conditions. Meteorologist, Climate Scientist, Environmental Consultant.
Financial Planning Providing advice on personal and corporate financial management. Financial Planner, Investment Analyst, Wealth Manager.
Biophysics Applying principles of physics to biological systems. Biophysicist, Research Scientist, Medical Physicist.
Actuarial Analytics Using statistical methods for risk assessment and financial planning. Actuarial Analyst, Risk Management Consultant, Insurance Underwriter.
Data Science Growing demand across industries for data analysts and scientists. Data Analyst, Data Scientist, Business Analyst.
Actuarial Science High demand in insurance, finance, and risk assessment sectors. Actuary, Risk Analyst, Insurance Analyst.

You Can Also Check What to do After 12


While these are some of the most promising career avenues to pursue after studying PCM in Class 12, ย it's essential to research thoroughly, consider your interests and career goals, and consult with professionals in the field.

Before choosing a course and college, evaluate the scope and demand for these fields, stay updated on industry trends to have a head start!

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