1. What is PCM?
  2. 8 Popular Career Options After PCM
  1. Non-Engineering Career Options After 12th

PCM in Class 12 is the combination of subjects in the Science stream – Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics.

This stream can open up several lucrative career avenues for those looking to make a career in engineering and technical fields.

But what's the next step?

If you are looking for career options to pursue after completing 12th, this is a good place to start! In this article, let us take a look at some of the best career options to pursue after studying PCM in Class 12.

Let's start by understanding...

What is PCM?

It refers to a combination of subjects typically chosen by students in their 12th standard (or 10+2 level).

PCM is a popular choice among students who have an interest in pursuing engineering, architecture, computer science, or other related fields in higher education.

This combination of subjects provides a strong foundation in the sciences and mathematics, which are essential for various technical and scientific careers.

Here are 8 popular career options after pursuing PCM post 12th:


Architecture is a rewarding career after 12th as it blends creativity with technical skills. Architects design spaces that shape our world, impacting functionality and aesthetics.

With a strong demand for sustainable and innovative designs, architecture offers diverse opportunities, allowing individuals to contribute meaningfully to the built environment.

Roles and Responsibilities of an Architect

The primary duties of an architect revolve around designing, planning, and overseeing the construction of buildings and structures.

Architects are responsible for creating functional, safe, and aesthetically pleasing spaces that meet the needs of their clients while adhering to building codes, regulations, and industry standards.

One of the key tasks of an architect is to collaborate with clients to understand their requirements, preferences, and budget constraints and using this information to further create detailed drawings, blueprints, and models to communicate their designs to clients, engineers, contractors, and other stakeholders.

They may use computer-aided design (CAD) software and other digital tools to facilitate this process.

Average base salary of Architect: 3.5 Lakhs PA

Aerospace Engineer

Aerospace engineering is a promising career after 12th due to its exciting scope in aviation, space exploration, and defense.

It offers opportunities to work on cutting-edge technologies, design aircraft, and spacecraft, and contribute to advancements in the aerospace industry, making it a dynamic and rewarding field for aspiring engineers.

Roles and Responsibilities of an Aerospace Engineer

Aerospace engineers design, develop, and test aircraft, spacecraft, and related systems.

Their roles and responsibilities include researching to identify potential improvements or innovations in aerospace technology, designing and analyzing aircraft and spacecraft components and systems, and overseeing the manufacturing and testing processes to ensure compliance with safety and performance standards.

Aerospace engineers also collaborate with other professionals, such as mechanical engineers, electrical engineers, and computer scientists, to integrate various systems and technologies into a cohesive aerospace vehicle.

They may also work on projects related to propulsion systems, aerodynamics, materials science, and avionics.

Average base salary of an Aerospace Engineer: ₹ 20.6 Lakhs PA

Data Scientist

Data Science involves extracting meaningful insights and knowledge from structured and unstructured data. It encompasses statistics, machine learning, and data analysis techniques.

Roles and Responsibilities of a Data Scientist

The role of a data scientist revolves around extracting insights and value from data.

Responsibilities include collecting, cleaning, and analyzing large datasets using statistical and machine learning techniques to uncover patterns, trends, and correlations.

Data scientists also develop predictive models and algorithms to make data-driven decisions and solve complex problems.

They collaborate with cross-functional teams to understand business objectives and provide actionable insights that drive strategic initiatives.

Additionally, data scientists are responsible for communicating their findings effectively to stakeholders through visualizations, reports, and presentations.

They stay abreast of advancements in data science tools and techniques and continuously refine their skills to adapt to evolving business needs and technological innovations.

Read More About Role and Responsibilities of Data Scientist

Average base salary of a Data Scientist: 9.4 Lakhs PA

Robotics Engineer

Robotics Engineering is a promising career after 12th due to its multidisciplinary nature and increasing demand for automation.

It combines mechanical, electrical, and computer engineering, offering diverse applications in manufacturing, healthcare, and technology.

Roles and Responsibilities of a Robotics Engineer

A robotics engineer designs, develops, and tests robotic systems and components. They are responsible for creating algorithms, programming software, and integrating sensors and actuators to enable robots to perform specific tasks autonomously or under human control.

Robotics engineers also collaborate with multidisciplinary teams to design mechanical structures, electrical systems, and control interfaces.

They troubleshoot technical issues, optimize performance, and ensure safety standards are met.

Additionally, they may participate in research to advance the field of robotics, exploring new technologies and methodologies to enhance robot capabilities and applications.

Average base salary of a Robotics Engineer: ₹ 3.8 Lakhs PA

Mechanical Engineer

Mechanical Engineering is a strong career choice after 12th due to its versatile applications.

It equips individuals to design, analyze, and manufacture mechanical systems, making them valuable in the automotive, aerospace, and energy industries. The field offers diverse job opportunities, from research and development to project management.

Roles and Responsibilities of a Mechanical Engineer

Mechanical engineers design, develop, and test mechanical devices and systems, such as engines, machines, and thermal sensors.

Their responsibilities include analyzing problems, creating prototypes, and optimizing designs for efficiency and functionality.

They often collaborate with other engineers and professionals to ensure that their projects meet technical specifications and regulatory standards.

Additionally, mechanical engineers may be involved in the maintenance, repair, and improvement of existing mechanical systems, as well as researching and implementing new technologies to advance the field.

Average base salary of a Mechanical Engineer: ₹ 2.6 Lakhs PA

Chemical Engineer

Chemical Engineering is a compelling career option after 12th due to its diverse applications in industries like pharmaceuticals, petrochemicals, and environmental management.

Roles and Responsibilities of a Chemical Engineer

Chemical engineers are responsible for applying principles of chemistry, physics, mathematics, and engineering to design, develop, and operate processes that convert raw materials into valuable products. Their roles and responsibilities include:

Research and Development: Researching to develop new processes, materials, and products, as well as improving existing ones.

Process Design and Optimization: Designing and optimizing processes for producing chemicals, fuels, pharmaceuticals, food, and other products, while considering factors such as safety, efficiency, and environmental impact.

Plant Operation and Troubleshooting: Overseeing the operation of chemical plants, ensuring smooth production, and troubleshooting any issues that arise.

Safety and Environmental Compliance: Ensuring that chemical processes comply with safety regulations and environmental standards, and implementing measures to minimize risks and environmental impact.

Collaboration: Collaborating with other engineers, scientists, and professionals in multidisciplinary teams to achieve project goals and objectives.

Overall, chemical engineers play a critical role in the development and implementation of processes that drive various industries while prioritizing safety, efficiency, and sustainability.

Average base salary of a Chemical Engineer: ₹ 2.8 Lakhs per annum.

Software Engineer

Software Engineering is a compelling career option post-12th due to its crucial role in modernizing and enhancing agricultural practices.

Roles and Responsibilities of a Software Engineer

A software engineer's primary role is designing, developing, testing, and maintaining software applications or systems.

They analyze user needs and design software solutions to meet those requirements, often using programming languages such as Python, Java, or C++.

Software engineers write code, debug, and troubleshoot software to ensure it functions correctly and efficiently.

They also collaborate with other team members, such as product managers, designers, and quality assurance testers, to ensure that software projects are completed on time and within budget.

Additionally, software engineers stay updated on industry trends and technologies to continuously improve their skills and contribute innovative solutions to their projects.

Overall, their responsibilities encompass the entire software development lifecycle, from initial planning and design to deployment and maintenance.

Average base salary of a Software Engineer: ₹ 6.4 Lakhs PA


Becoming a Pilot after the 12th is a lucrative career option due to the dynamic global aviation industry.

With increasing air travel demand, there's a consistent need for skilled professionals in piloting, aircraft maintenance, and air traffic management.

Roles and Responsibilities of a Pilot

The primary role of a pilot is to safely operate an aircraft, ensuring the safety of passengers, crew, and cargo.

Pilots are responsible for pre-flight checks, including inspecting the aircraft's systems, weather conditions, and flight plans.

During flight, they navigate the aircraft, communicate with air traffic control, and make decisions to ensure a smooth and efficient journey.

Pilots must continuously monitor the aircraft's instruments, systems, and surroundings, and respond quickly and effectively to any emergencies or deviations from the planned route.

They also maintain communication with passengers, providing updates on the flight's progress and addressing any concerns.

Additionally, pilots are responsible for adhering to all aviation regulations and protocols, including airspace restrictions, flight procedures, and safety protocols.

They undergo regular training and certification to stay current on industry standards and best practices, ensuring they can safely operate the aircraft in all conditions.

Average base salary of a Pilot: ₹ 26.3 Lakhs PA

Non-Engineering Career Options After 12th

Non-Engineering Career Scope Potential Job Roles
Operations Research Optimization and decision-making in various industries. Operations Research Analyst, Management Consultant, Supply Chain Analyst.
Geology Study of Earth's composition; opportunities in mining and environmental sectors. Geologist, Environmental Consultant, Seismologist.
Astrophysics Investigating celestial phenomena and cosmic structures. Astrophysicist, Research Scientist, Planetarium Coordinator.
Agricultural Science Innovations in farming practices and food production. Agricultural Scientist, Agronomist, Farm Manager.
Statistics and Informatics Analyzing data for business insights and decision-making. Statistician, Business Analyst, Market Researcher.
Meteorology Study of weather patterns and atmospheric conditions. Meteorologist, Climate Scientist, Environmental Consultant.
Financial Planning Providing advice on personal and corporate financial management. Financial Planner, Investment Analyst, Wealth Manager.
Biophysics Applying principles of physics to biological systems. Biophysicist, Research Scientist, Medical Physicist.
Actuarial Analytics Using statistical methods for risk assessment and financial planning. Actuarial Analyst, Risk Management Consultant, Insurance Underwriter.
Data Science Growing demand across industries for data analysts and scientists. Data Analyst, Data Scientist, Business Analyst.
Actuarial Science High demand in insurance, finance, and risk assessment sectors. Actuary, Risk Analyst, Insurance Analyst.

You Can Also Check What to do After 12th?


While these are some of the most promising career avenues to pursue after studying PCM in Class 12,  it's essential to research thoroughly, consider your interests and career goals, and consult with professionals in the field.

Before choosing a course and college, evaluate the scope and demand for these fields, and stay updated on industry trends to have a head start!


Which field is best after the 12th PCM?
After completing 12th with PCM (Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics), several lucrative fields are available, including engineering, architecture, computer science, mathematics, physics, statistics, and other related disciplines. The choice depends on individual interests, career goals, and aptitude.

Which course after 12 has the highest salary?
The salary potential of a course after the 12th depends on various factors such as the field, specialization, job market demand, and individual skills. Some courses known for offering high-paying job opportunities include engineering (especially in fields like computer science, electrical, and mechanical engineering), medicine, management (MBA), information technology, data science, and finance.

Is PCM good for the future?
Pursuing PCM (Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics) in high school can open up a wide range of career opportunities in fields such as engineering, research, technology, finance, architecture, and more. It provides a strong foundation in analytical thinking, problem-solving skills, and logical reasoning, which are highly valued in many professions. However, the suitability of PCM for an individual's future depends on their interests, aptitude, and career goals.

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