1. Email etiquette: Meaning
  2. Why is email writing etiquette important?
  3. Email etiquette and email language
  4. Email etiquette dos and don'ts

You may be used to sending out short texts to acquaintances or even shorter ones to friends, but formal emails are a different ballgame. They are key to establishing communication in business environments and, in most cases, form a person’s first impression. Thus, following the right email etiquette is very necessary.

However, many professionals struggle with such an essential skill. To help, here is a complete guide to writing a clear and strong formal email, with a special focus on email etiquette, and email language and tone.

Related: For email format, check out email format and samples.

Before discussing the email etiquette in detail, let us have a quick look at what does email etiquette and email language mean.

Email etiquette: Meaning

Email etiquette refers to the set of rules and guidelines governing the proper and respectful way to communicate via email. It encompasses various aspects such as tone, formatting, clarity, brevity, and professionalism.

Adhering to email etiquette helps ensure effective communication, minimizes misunderstandings, maintains professionalism, and fosters positive relationships in both personal and professional settings.

Key components of email etiquette include using a clear and concise subject line, addressing recipients appropriately, maintaining a polite and respectful tone, avoiding the use of all caps (which can be interpreted as shouting), proofreading messages for errors before sending, and being mindful of the sensitivity and confidentiality of information shared via email.

Why is email writing etiquette important?

Email writing etiquette is important for several reasons, namely;

  1. Professionalism: Following proper email etiquette helps maintain a professional image, whether in a business or academic context. It reflects positively on the sender and the organization they represent.

  2. Clarity and Understanding: Adhering to etiquette guidelines ensures that emails are clear, well-structured, and easy to understand. This reduces the likelihood of misinterpretation or confusion, leading to more effective communication.

  3. Respect and Courtesy: Proper email etiquette demonstrates respect for the recipient by using polite language, addressing them appropriately, and considering their time and attention. It fosters positive relationships and goodwill.

  4. Efficiency: Clear subject lines, concise messages, and organized formatting make emails more efficient to read and respond to. This saves time for both the sender and the recipient.

  5. Avoiding Miscommunication: Misunderstandings and conflicts can arise from poorly written emails. Following etiquette guidelines helps minimize the risk of miscommunication by ensuring that messages are conveyed accurately and respectfully.

  6. Professional Development: Mastering email etiquette is an essential skill in today's digital age. It contributes to one's professional development and can enhance career prospects by demonstrating effective communication abilities.

Overall, email writing etiquette plays a crucial role in facilitating effective communication, maintaining professionalism, and building positive relationships in various personal and professional contexts.

Email etiquette and email language

Unlike a casual email, a formal email needs to convey a sense of respect for the recipient/s and decorum for the work environment.

The language used in a formal email is markedly different from a casual one. It needs to be proper, professional, and polite.

To make sure your business email sounds professional, follow all the necessary parameters of writing a formal email as discussed below.

1. Always use full sentences

Do not mince words when it comes to formal emails. Always use complete sentences and words.



  • I will be present at the meeting at 5:00 PM today.


  • Will be there at 5.

2. Avoid contractions and abbreviations

It is better to spell out your words in a business email.



  • I am
  • Do not
  • As soon as possible
  • I will send you the file tomorrow.


  • I'm
  • don't
  • ASAP
  • Will send u d file tmrw

3. Use correct grammar and syntax

Dust off your old English textbooks and brush up on the ABCs of grammar and syntax.



  • Thank you. I have received your email.
  • Thank you for your email.


  • Email gotten. (Grammatical error + No use of full sentence)

4. Use punctuation wisely

It is important that you know the difference between your commas, colons, and semi-colons.

Some common punctuation mistakes that people make are:

  • Leaving space before the comma: Space should be left only after the comma.
  • Too much use of exclamation points: In a business email, restrict the usage of exclamation points.
  • Mixing up colons and semi-colons: Make use of semi-colons when you join two main clauses together. Make use of colons when you introduce a list or item.

5. Subject line

Take good care of your subject lines. A subject line should be able to clearly tell what the email is about.

Also, avoid all capital letters or all lower case letters, and unnecessary punctuations in the subject line as it might make the email look spammy.


Marketing Report for XYZ Project


6. Call to action

If you wish to receive an action from the receiver of the email, you can ask for it. You can mention it towards the end of the email.


  • A timely response will be much appreciated.
  • I look forward to your response.
  • Please reply to the email latest by XX (date).
  • Please share the data by the end of the week.

Similarly, if you do not wish to receive a reply, you can mention it as well.


  • No reply required

7. Avoid archaic phrases

Some commonly overused phrases like 'please find attached' look clunky and outdated. Make your email sound fresh and to-the-point by doing away with those, instead of loading your email with archaic or cliched phrases.

8. Refrain from using certain "Indianisms"

This is especially for people working in multinational setup. Certain words like 'prepone' and turns of phrases like 'doing the needful' should not be used in a business email as they are actually considered to be incorrect English.

9. Keep it organised

Break down your email into paragraphs each time you introduce a new line of thought.

The language you use should be crisp and comprehensive. Do not use flowery phrases or long-winded sentences.

10. Avoid slangs and emoticons

It is extremely improper to use any informal or offensive terms in your business email. Not only do they reflect poorly on your writing and communication skills as a professional, but also on your socio-cultural sensibilities as a person.

Furthermore, avoid using emoticons in formal emails as they do not look professional.

11. Get yourself a proper email ID

You may still have that "cool" email ID you made as a young teenager, but that does not mean you can use it to send emails to your boss or mentor. If you do not have a company or university ID, make a new one which does not have any quirky spellings or embarrassing words.




12. Know the difference between CC and BCC

You may be often required to mark copies on a single email thread to facilitate team projects or simply to keep others in the loop. However, your email should not end up being an annoyance for any of the people you are writing to.

  • Use CC when you want your recipients to see others on the mailing list and get notifications when someone hits "Reply All".
  • Use BCC to make the list invisible and not let people receive each update or answer on the email thread.

Using this feature with wisdom and discretion can make a whole lot of difference.

13. Keep it short

In a fast-paced work environment, you need to send out emails economically in order to not be seen as a waste of time and inbox space.

  • Stay away from writing emails which are long and difficult to comprehend.
  • Make your language and format as clear and readable as possible.
  • Only put the necessary amount of information in your email. Nobody is willing to read through a lot of text just to get to your point.
  • Decide when to write an email. Do not send emails, especially to the same person, for every little query. Form your questions or arguments, put them together in an orderly fashion, and then hit send.

This will make sure your emails are read and responded to every time, instead of sent straight to the trash folder.

14. Respond to all emails in time

This emphasizes the importance of timely communication in maintaining professional relationships and ensuring effective correspondence. Here's an elaboration on this point:

Timely responses to emails demonstrate respect for the sender's time and attention. When someone takes the effort to reach out via email, it's crucial to acknowledge their message promptly. Failing to respond in a timely manner can lead to frustration, misunderstandings, and even damage to professional relationships.

Responding promptly also helps in maintaining the flow of communication. In many cases, email conversations involve multiple back-and-forth exchanges to address questions, provide information, or finalize plans. Delays in responses can disrupt this flow, prolonging the time it takes to reach a resolution or decision.

Moreover, timely responses contribute to overall efficiency. By addressing emails promptly, you avoid the accumulation of unread messages in your inbox, which can become overwhelming and lead to important emails getting buried or forgotten.

To ensure timely responses, it's helpful to establish a routine for checking and managing your email inbox. Set aside dedicated time each day to review and respond to emails promptly. If an email requires more time or information to respond adequately, it's courteous to send a brief acknowledgment to the sender, informing them that you've received their message and will provide a detailed response soon.

In cases where you anticipate delays in responding to certain emails, such as when you're away from your desk or dealing with urgent matters, consider setting up an automated out-of-office reply or delegate someone to monitor and respond to emails on your behalf.

Overall, responding to all emails in a timely manner is a fundamental aspect of email etiquette that helps maintain professionalism, foster effective communication, and uphold positive relationships in both personal and professional settings.

15.Use the ‘reply all' feature only when necessary

The "reply all" feature in email allows you to respond to an email message while including all recipients of the original message in your response. While this feature can be useful in certain situations, such as when a group discussion requires input from multiple parties, it should be used judiciously to avoid overloading recipients with irrelevant or redundant messages.

One of the primary reasons to use the "reply all" feature sparingly is to prevent email overload and minimize inbox clutter. When unnecessary recipients are included in a response, it can result in an influx of emails for individuals who may not need to be part of the conversation. This not only wastes their time but also detracts from the clarity and effectiveness of communication.

Additionally, indiscriminate use of the "reply all" feature can lead to confusion and miscommunication. Not all recipients of the original message may need to be privy to every response, particularly if the content is specific to a subset of the group or if the discussion has evolved beyond their involvement. In such cases, using "reply all" can inadvertently flood inboxes with extraneous information, making it difficult for recipients to discern relevant content.

To ensure responsible use of the "reply all" feature, consider the following guidelines:

  1. Evaluate the relevance of your response: Before using "reply all," assess whether all recipients truly need to receive your message. If your response is primarily directed at the original sender or a select subset of recipients, consider replying only to them instead of including everyone.

  2. Use discretion in group settings: In group email threads or distribution lists, exercise caution when deciding to reply all. If your response adds value to the entire group or requires input from multiple parties, using "reply all" may be appropriate. However, if your message is primarily intended for one or a few individuals, opt for a targeted reply.

  3. Consider alternative communication channels: For discussions that involve only a subset of recipients or require more immediate attention, consider switching to alternative communication channels such as instant messaging or phone calls. This can streamline communication and prevent unnecessary email clutter.

By using the "reply all" feature judiciously and only when necessary, you can help streamline communication, reduce inbox overload, and promote more effective collaboration and correspondence among email recipients.

16.Set out-of-office replies

Setting out-of-office replies is a vital aspect of email etiquette, especially when you'll be away from your email for an extended period. Here's how to effectively set out-of-office replies:

  1. Activate Out-of-Office Message: Most email clients have an option to set up out-of-office messages. Look for this feature in your email settings. Activate the out-of-office reply and set the dates during which you'll be unavailable.

  2. Provide Clear Information: In your out-of-office message, clearly state the dates you'll be away and when you'll return. This helps manage expectations regarding response times. Additionally, include alternative contacts or resources if urgent assistance is needed during your absence.

  3. Briefly Explain Your Absence: While you don't need to provide detailed information about why you're away, a brief explanation can be helpful. For example, "I will be out of the office attending a conference" or "I am currently on vacation with limited access to email."

  4. Set Expectations for Response: Let senders know when they can expect to hear back from you. For instance, you might say, "I will respond to your email promptly upon my return on [date]." This helps manage expectations and reduces the likelihood of follow-up emails during your absence.

  5. Offer Alternative Contacts: If there are colleagues or alternative resources available to assist with urgent matters in your absence, provide their contact information in your out-of-office message. This ensures that important issues can still be addressed promptly.

  6. Customize for Different Audiences: If you receive emails from various groups or clients, consider customizing your out-of-office message to suit different audiences. Tailoring the message ensures clarity and relevance for each recipient.

  7. Proofread Your Message: Before activating your out-of-office reply, carefully proofread the message to ensure clarity and professionalism. Spelling or grammatical errors can detract from the effectiveness of your message.

  8. Activate and Deactivate Timely: Remember to activate your out-of-office reply before you leave and deactivate it upon your return. Leaving it active after you've returned can give the impression of continued absence, leading to confusion.

By setting out-of-office replies effectively, you can manage expectations, maintain professionalism, and ensure that important communications are appropriately handled in your absence.

Email etiquette dos and don'ts

Now that you are familiar with the basics of email etiquette in formal emails, you need to keep just a couple of other general pointers in your pocket for whenever you send your next email.

  • Proof-read: Make it a habit to proofread after writing each email. You can choose to do this either manually or install an add-on like Grammarly to catch any typos or grammatical mistakes.
  • Spelling of names: Pay closer attention to proper names. Misspelling names of people, places, or organisations can make you look sloppy and inattentive.
  • Font: Use your fonts with care. Stick to a maximum of two fonts in an email. Do not mix and match arbitrarily. Do not use funky font options, and opt for something more commonly used in professional spheres like Arial or Times New Roman. To make your email more readable, use a comfortable font size.
  • Highlighting: Do not write in all-capitals or capitalize each word for emphasis. Make use of the bold, italics and underline features to highlight any important text.
  • Links: Do not bloat the body copy with text, images or other materials. Send them as URLs if available (for instance, online articles or images in storage drives), or as attached documents (e.g. resumes).
  • Attachments: Always double-check on attachments. Do not mention an attachment in your email and then forget to send it.

With these essentials in hand, you are now ready to write a powerful formal email which will make your reader remember you and the contents of your email much better. Time to sign off with some warm regards!

Certainly! Here are four FAQs for the blog "How To Write A Formal Email: Email Etiquette Tips," along with their answers:


  1. Why is it important to write formal emails?
    Writing formal emails is crucial for maintaining professionalism in various contexts, including business, academic, and professional communications. Formal emails convey respect, clarity, and professionalism, which are essential for effective communication and building positive relationships.

  2. What are the key components of a formal email?
    Key components of a formal email include a clear and concise subject line, a professional greeting, a well-structured body with clear and courteous language, relevant details or information, and a polite closing. Additionally, including a professional signature block with contact information enhances the formality of the email.

  3. How can I address the recipient in a formal email if I don't know their name?
    If you don't know the recipient's name, it's best to use a generic but respectful salutation such as "Dear Sir/Madam" or "To Whom It May Concern." However, whenever possible, try to research and address the recipient by their name for a more personalized and professional touch.

  4. What are some common mistakes to avoid when writing formal emails?
    Common mistakes to avoid when writing formal emails include using overly casual language or slang, neglecting to proofread for errors, failing to adhere to proper formatting and structure, sending emails without a clear purpose or relevant information, and forgetting to include a professional signature block. It's also essential to avoid using all caps, excessive punctuation, or emoticons in formal email communication.

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