Whether you are a beginner or a veteran in the dog-eat-dog world of establishing a career, it is always a good idea to keep that resume shining just a bit brighter than the others. With the expanding course of job profiles and job requirements, technical skills have emerged as crucial additions to one’s qualifications.

Here is a list of top technical skills to help you land your desired job and pay package in the competitive job climate of 2018.

1. Programming

Programming involves building and running of software and applications with the use of programming languages. It also entails testing the accuracy of the code and algorithms to ensure smooth functioning.

With the pervasive use of computer software, programmers are now required in varied fields like finance, manufacturing, design and even healthcare.

Learn programming: There are tons of online resources that can be used to find good tutorials for picking up a few programming languages. To begin with, you can choose any one out of the most popularly used languages like Java , Python , SQL and C++.

Salary: The average annual salary of a programmer or software engineer is around Rs. 4.3 to 7.35 lakhs (0-5 years of work experience).

Jobs: Check out Software Programmer Jobs.

2. Web development

With most businesses and organizations looking to expand their reach with an online presence, web developers are always in demand.

Web development field requires a steady knowledge of the World Wide Web, a background in programming, an eye for striking but user-friendly design, and a complete understanding of the client’s requirements.

Learn web development: One can either consider a formal degree in computer science or a specialization in web development, or simply get started with one of the courses online .

Salary: A web developer can earn an average annual salary of Rs. 2.7 to 6.87 lakhs (0-5 years of work experience).

Jobs: Check out Web Developer Jobs.

3. Mobile app development

Since the world has shrunk to fit in the palm of our hands, companies have become increasingly interested in releasing smartphone applications to easily reach their customer base. In such an environment, mobile app developers are the need of the hour.

Budding mobile app developers need to familiarise themselves with relevant software programming, hardware specifications, and efficient UI (user interface) design.

Learn Mobile App Development: App development skills can be learnt either at a training institute near you, or in the comfort of your homes with the help of app development online courses. Advanced learners can also specialize in OS-specific courses, like for Android or iOS.

Salary: The average salary for mobile app development jobs is abround Rs. 3.5 to 6.10 lakhs per annum (0-3 years of work experience).

Jobs: Check out Mobile App Developer Jobs.

4. Graphic design

From creating basics like posters and print advertisements to the UI/UX design for mobile apps, graphic designers can never run out of jobs.

The most popular tools for a graphic designer are software like Adobe Photoshop , Illustrator and InDesign. Besides these, other prerequisites include the knowledge of page layouts, typography, color, image editing and print production.

Learn graphic design: While a degree or a diploma in commercial art or graphic design is ideal, the Internet is also a big help with its whole range of cool online tutorials.

Salary: The average annual salary of graphic designers is Rs. 3.2 to 6 lakhs (0-5 years of work experience).

Jobs: Check out Graphic Designer Jobs.

5. Web content management

Content management covers the processes of production, publishing of online content, and everything in between.

Learn content management: Content writers and editors, as well as, web creators can especially benefit by learning how to use web content management systems like Wordpress and Drupal. These systems allow customisable templates, editing tools, workflow management for collaborative efforts, and content distribution and publishing to the web. Familiarity with basic HTML code or languages like Markdown can also give you an added edge.

Salary: Content Managers can earn an annual salary of Rs. 3.00 to 10 lakhs (0-5 years of work experience).

Jobs: Check out Content Management Jobs .

6. SEO and SEM

These days everything is just a Google search away, and companies are looking to cash in on that. Search Engine Optimization (SEO) and Search Engine Marketing (SEM) skills can do wonders in establishing you as a must-have asset to digital marketing teams.

Learn SEO and SEM: You can get enrolled in classes for digital marketing at an academy near you, opt for online courses , or get yourself certifications like the one by Google AdWords . Alternatively, you can also learn online about common SEO tools and social media marketing for increasing traffic via search engines.

Salary: SEO and SEM professionals usually start with salaries of over Rs. 2 lakhs per annum. It can go up to 10 lakhs per annum with 3 to 7 years of experience.

Jobs: Check out SEO and SEM Jobs .

7. Project management

Project management is vital for the planning of projects, delegating tasks, overseeing their execution and controlling the entire operation with regard to time and budget constraints.

Learn project management: Besides good communication and strong leadership skills, the understanding of the basics of project management tools like Microsoft Project , Smartsheet and Trello can also help one become a more competent and resourceful project manager.

Salary: Project Managers can earn an annual salary of Rs. 3.5 to 10 lakhs (2-7 years of work experience).

Jobs: Check out Project Management Jobs.

8. Big data analytics

A few common functions of big data analysts are to accurately collect and analyze data sets, gauge the performance of an organization, predict trends, and provide guidance for improving marketing strategies, customer relations, and tackling competition.

Learn big data: Before jumping in, it would be smart for beginners to get the hang of what big data is and what the most commonly used big data tools are. Then you can proceed to specific skills like learning Hadoop .

Salary: Data analysts with 1 to 5 years of experience can earn an annual salary of Rs. 3.5 to 8.5 lakhs.

Jobs: Check out Data Analysis jobs.

9. Cybersecurity

In this Internet-driven economy, cybersecurity professionals are the shield which protects an organization from harmful hacking and malware. Besides general safeguarding, cyber security also has specific functions like network and server forensics, hardware hacking, data security, mobile phone surveillance, etc.

Learn cyber security: People interested in cyber security can begin by working on certain soft skills and warming up with a few courses . More serious professionals can also look at the option of attending classes at a specialized institute near them or working towards achieving relevant certifications .

Salary: Cybersecurity jobs can provide a salary of Rs. 4.5 to 8 lakhs per annum for professionals with work experience of 2 to 6 years.

Jobs: Check out Cyber Security Jobs .

10. Cloud computing

A lot of databases are now stored by companies on cloud platforms. Microsoft Azure and Amazon Web Services are two popular providers in this domain. Cloud professionals are usually required to build and manage cloud systems for the ease and feasibility of company operations.

Learn cloud computing: Professionals can get cloud-friendly by learning programming languages and open-source tools. Another common requirement is the knowledge of Internet functioning and the Linux system.

Salary: Cloud computing jobs can provide an annual salary of up to 4.20 to 12 lakh for people with 2-7 years of work experience.

Jobs: Check out Cloud Computing Jobs .

11. Artificial intelligence

Artificial intelligence or AI is slowly gaining a place in our everyday lives much faster than we realize. Processes like face detection in photo albums and virtual assistants like Siri are all results of the advancement in AI technologies.

Learn artificial intelligence: AI professionals need to be well-versed with the processes of machine learning and neural networks . Together with the basics of machine learning, programming languages and data science, one can have a considerable grasp on AI.

Salary: With an average work experience of 5 years, AI professionals usually have an annual salary of around Rs. 8 to 9 lakhs.

Jobs: Check out Artificial Intelligence Jobs .

12. Augmented reality

The massive popularity of the recent Pokemon Go mobile game was evidence that the augmented reality ball has been set to roll. AR jobs can be immensely challenging as well as rewarding for professionals looking to get creative while helping companies innovate.

Learn augmented reality: AR professionals usually come with a fair understanding of skills like UX design, mobile programming, and
3D modelling. You can find relevant information and courses with just a quick online search.

Salary: With 1-4 years of experience, one can attain a salary of Rs. 5 to 8 lakhs per annum in AR/VR jobs.

Jobs: Check out Augmented Feality Jobs.

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