- What is Civil Engineering?
- What does a Civil Engineer do?
- Why build a career in Civil Engineering?
- Pros & Cons of Civil Engineering Career.
- Qualifications of a Civil Engineer
- Courses & Certification.
- Civil Engineering Jobs In India.
- Civil Engineering Job Roles.
- Civil Engineering Salaries.
- Civil Engineering Skills.
- Civil Engineering Tools
- Civil Engineering Common Career Path.
- Tips To Get a Job in Civil Engineering.
- Popular Civil Engineering Blogs.
- Popular Must Read Civil Engineering Books
- Popular YouTube Videos & Channels.
- Civil Engineering Forums.
- Civil Engineering Webinars
- Top Civil Engineering Companies to Follow
What is civil engineering? one of the basic questions every aspiring engineering professional should have a detailed knowledge about
Creating, designing & executing to perfection what couldn’t have been even thought of before, has led us to a world of skyscrapers & towering infrastructure.Indeed the secret lies mostly in the science of “Engineering”.
In this blog, we shall give you a detailed overview of civil engineering & its career opportunities.
What is Civil Engineering?
Civil Engineering is broadly defined as a widely structured discipline wherein designing, constructing & maintaining of infrastructure systems is professionally done.
These structures may include public works such as dams, airports, sewage pipes, canals, etc as well as generic construction such as buildings, skyscrapers, houses, etc.
Civil Engineering is usually considered to be the second oldest form of engineering in the world, first being the military engineering.
A professional degree in civil engineering arms an individual with an ability to work in the field of structures as well as be versed to handle financing & business aspect of a company.
Civil engineering nowadays also widely traces its roots well within the public sector from municipalities to government offices, as well as the private sector, ranging from builders to homeowners.
This branch of engineering has emerged as an erupting form of designing science.
What does a Civil Engineer do?
Civil Engineers primary are the think tanks behind designing, planning & executing tasks related to structures & construction. However, in the modern era, field range of this profession has grown in much larger sectors than just construction projects.
Some of the most iconic structures of the world including Burj Khalifa in Dubai, Sydney Opera House, etc have all been constructed under the supervision of remarkable civil engineers.
In modern times, civil engineers are responsible for not only construction planning & execution but also maintaining public infrastructure including roads, rails, bridges, waste networks & much more.
Effective utilization & functioning of vital public resources is an important part of civil engineers work responsibility.
Civil engineers are expected to troubleshoot any complex situation & effectively solve the problem at the earliest in the most cost-effective manner. However, civil engineering has various fields of specialization.
Some of these specializations include environmental, structural, municipal, transport & geotechnical.
Each mentioned specialization has subdivided roles such as consultants & contractors.
Consultants have the most important role to play in the planning phase of a project. They help in finalizing designs, planning & creating a plan of action before the project is started.
Contractors are the ones who are on the construction site. Contractors have a role of keeping a close observation eye on the construction & ensure tasks are completed on time.
Consultants as well as contractors, both have an important role to play in the seamless execution of the project.
However, no matter how challenging the environment may be, creativity, problem-solving ability & teamwork are some key attributes for growth in civil engineering role.
Why build a career in Civil Engineering?
The scope of civil engineering seems endless as far as modern-day professions are concerned. If we take into consideration of market growth trend of civil engineering field, it is estimated to have been USD 9 trillion in 2018 & is expected to show a growth trend of 4% from the period of 2019-2025.
Exponential growth in demand for environmental-friendly buildings along with the involvement of the government to make major metropolitans environment-friendly has provided a launchpad for civil engineering to take a larger market share.
According to Civil Engineering Market Share Statistics Report 2025,Civil Engineering Market Share Statistics Report 2025, the government purchase segment had over 50% of the share in 2018.
This was backed up by well-structured regulations for various construction activities which magnified the market share of civil engineering.
Thus Civil engineering government jobs have also seen substantial growth in India.
Government jobs in civil engineering have started to gain momentum to fill in the demand-supply gap within the government workforce ecosystem.
Big market giants are positively investing in various projects across the length & breadth of the country, thus creating surging scope for more civil engineers.
As per the Economic Times report, By 2020, 95 billion sq. feet is projected to be the demand of construction industry & although the industry is on such a boom, yet this industry lacks the required workforce by a huge margin.
Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors filed a report namely “Real Estate & Construction Professionals in India by 2020” stating that nearly a gap range of 82% to 86% can be seen in Demand-Supply of civil engineers, construction workers & architects.
If this report is further detailed, it states that India shall require 4 million civil engineers by the end of next year.
Keeping into consideration the stats which have evolved, it’s convenient to say that the demand for civil engineers is growing at a much stronger rate.
Pros & Cons of Civil Engineering Career
|Good Salary Packages||Long working hours|
|Easy placements||Risk on work sites|
|Opportunity to work abroad||Work pressure|
|Chances of government job opportunity||Handling labor problems, legal disputes, protests by locals during project workings|
|Job Satisfaction||High proficiency in sighting even minute errors|
|Can fit in multiple roles||Pressure from stakeholders|
|On-site first-hand experience|
Qualifications of a Civil Engineer
Apart from being a problem solver with a technical bent of mind, an individual needs to have specific qualifications before he/she starts their civil engineering career. Here are the qualifications required to become a civil engineer.
10+2 with Science stream: The individual should have passed Physics, Chemistry & Maths to apply for admissions in engineering courses in any college.
State & National Level entrance exams such as IIT, JEE, NEET & so on.
Completion of a Bachelor's in Engineering (B.E) degree from a recognized university.
Further, an individual can also opt for a Masters in Technology (M.Tech) or MBA depending on the field he/she wants to pursue a career in. M.tech is important if an individual plan to qualify GATE examination.
Communication Skills: Communication skills are very important for an engineering professional. Projects are always dependent on seamless communication & effective communication with stakeholders.
Thus a civil engineer needs to have strong communication skills to be at par with completion of projects without any bumps in between.
Courses & Certification
A civil engineer mandatorily should have a B.E degree to qualify as an engineer, However, many more certification courses can be done to provide a launching pad to your career prospects.
Course: 3D Modeling Piped Systems in AutoCAD
Price: Rs 6400/-
Course: Autodesk Revit
Price: Rs 3200/-
Price: Rs 1920/-
Course: Blender Creator
Price: Rs 12480/-
Website: American Society Of Civil Engineers
Course: CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING CERTIFICATE PROGRAM
Price: Member $2,855 | Non-Member $3,575
Website: American Society Of Civil Engineers
Course: PRINCIPLES OF CONSTRUCTION CONTRACTING
Price: Member $595 | Non-Member $745
Website: American Society Of Civil Engineers
Course: PRINCIPLES OF CRITICAL PATH SCHEDULING
Price: Member $595 | Non-Member $745
Website: MultiSoft Virtual Academy
Price: Rs 12,250/-
Website: Plural Sight
Website: Udemy Portal
Course: MS Project
Price: Rs 7040/-
Apart from these online courses, an individual can also get an admission in MBA after BTech. This is usually done to fit in within the professional ecosystem as a multitasker who can work on the field as well as fit well in an administrative role.
MBA after Btech has recently started gaining popularity with a trend of multiple role allocation to civil engineers.
Additionally, a diploma course can also be done right after 10th class to get a job as Junior Engineer.
Civil Engineering Jobs In India
Here is a list of civil engineering jobs in India.
Civil Engineering Job Roles
|Civil Engineer||Designs, Plans tasks & Develops a proper plan of action at the construction site|
|Project Manager||Responsible for Planning, Communication, Execution & controlling the resources throughout the cycle of the project|
|Construction Engineer||Supervision, accountability of the whole construction site|
It is noteworthy that civil engineering offers a wide number of roles that depend on companies & requirements, however, the above mentioned are the core job roles wherein maximum hiring of civil engineers take place.
Civil Engineering Salaries
Salary packages can vary depending upon the organization, skillset & experience of the Candidate.
|Job role||Average annual salary (0-3 years of experience)||Salary Range (LPA)|
Civil Engineering Skills
Have a look at typical skills required to have a successful career in Civil Engineering.
|Technical Knowledge||Technological Proficiency in software such as MS Project, AutoCAD,Revit, Stadd.pro, etc.|
|Managing Stakeholders||Keeping stakeholders intact while the designing & planning phase is finalizing.|
|Creative & problem-solving ability||Civil Engineers should have the ability to solve complex problems in the least time with whatever resources available.|
|Attention To Detail||Thoroughly checking even the minute details while making a plan of action to execute precise activities.|
|Management skills||Ability to manage team, time & resources most efficiently.|
A civil engineer should be motivated to work for long hours, should be able to see a larger picture, leadership quality is a must to ensure effective workforce, good communication skills & analytical mind bend.
Civil Engineering Tools
Some of the common tools used in Civil Engineering have been mentioned below
|Civil Engineer||AutoCAD, Microsoft Project, Autodesk Revit, Stadd.pro|
|Project Manager||Skype For Business,Trello,Evernote,Microsoft Visio,VSDX Annotator,Smart Draw,JIRA,GanttPro|
|Construction Engineer||Stadd.pro, Solid Works, 3D modeling, MS Project|
Civil Engineering Common Career Path
Here are some common paths that can make your way to start a career in Civil Engineer.
Career Path 1:
Complete your 10th class-----Start studying Science along with maths in 12th class---- Complete your 12th class---- Apply for entrance exams-----Get an admission in BE/BTECH(civil)----Get online civil engineering certification courses----Apply for a job & become a civil engineer
Career Path 2:
Complete your 10th class-----Start studying Science along with maths in 12th class---- Complete your 12th class---- Apply for entrance exams-----Get an admission in BE/BTECH(civil)----- Apply for Mtech/ME in a reputed college----complete the 2 year course----- Get online civil engineering certification courses----- Apply for jobs in civil engineering & become a civil engineer.
Career Path 3:
Complete your 10th class-----Get a diploma course for Junior Engineer ---- Get online certification courses-----Apply for civil engineering jobs & become a civil engineer.
Tips To Get a Job in Civil Engineering
1) Know about your field
Get complete details of civil engineering roles & responsibilities in general before eyeing for this career. It’s important you have an overview of the industry as a whole to brainstorm about ways to make a career in civil engineering.
2) Learn the necessary tools
AutoCAD, Stadd.pro, etc are important tools used by civil engineers to design their projects. Make sure you are well versed with all these tools first hand to find a fruitful career & early growth in your career in engineering.
3) Get certification courses
Nowadays to stand apart from the crowd, it’s important to have some extra skills than just a professional degree.
Various online certification courses help you to harness your maximum skills towards giving you a professional edge over others.
Its quite hard for an engineering graduate to find lucrative incentives in his/her field at early stage of career, however, just two years of additional studies change the whole incentive dimension in your favor.
5) Join a professional body
Being a part of a professional body such as The institution of civil engineering helps in maximizing chances of employment, constant exposure to experience stories & knowledge. This helps in a much positive way in a civil engineers career.
Also Read: HR Questions & Answers
Popular Civil Engineering Blogs
Here is a list of popular Civil Engineering blogs:
Popular Must Read Civil Engineering Books
Here is a list of popular Civil Engineering books
Popular YouTube Videos & Channels
Here is a list of popular Civil Engineering Channels you must follow
Civil Engineering Forums
Some of the popular Civil Engineering forums are as follows
Civil Engineering Webinars
Here is the list of most popular Civil Engineering Webinars
Top Civil Engineering Companies to Follow
Civil Engineering is growing at an electrifying pace, thus a career in civil engineering seems promising & a reliable career path. With creative thinking & right attitude towards positively facing challenges that come in the wake of an hour, indeed civil engineering promises a prosperous career.
Best of Luck!