Data scientist

How to Become a Data Scientist in India? – After Graduation!

8 min read 1,427 views
Posted by Aarna Tiwari Mar 13, 2024

In today’s data-driven world, the role of a Data Scientist is not just lucrative but also highly impactful. The demand for data scientists continues to soar across industries. These skilled professionals can unlock hidden insights from massive datasets, driving innovation and shaping business decisions. As a college student or fresher in India, embarking on a career in Data Science can open doors to a world of opportunities. 

But how do you land a coveted data scientist role in today’s competitive landscape? This comprehensive guide outlines the steps you need to take in 2024 to embark on your data science journey.

Table of Content

What is Data Science? 

The technique of deriving valuable knowledge and insights from massive volumes of data is known as data science. It is an interdisciplinary field that combines expertise from various domains, including mathematics, statistics, computer science, and domain-specific knowledge. At its core, it involves the extraction of insights and knowledge from structured and unstructured data. This process often includes data collection, cleaning, analysis, and the presentation of results.

Data science has become extremely important in recent years because of the growing amount of data available and the necessity of making decisions based on that data. The need for qualified Data Scientists has been growing as the age of technology develops. In India, this demand is especially pronounced, making it an excellent choice for a career path.

How to Become a Data Scientist in India: Step-by-Step Guide

To land a job as a Data Scientist in India requires a systematic approach and dedication. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to become a Data Scientist in India:

Data Scientist roadmap
  • Educational Background: Start with a strong educational foundation. Most Data Scientists have at least a bachelor’s degree in a related field. Common degrees include computer science, mathematics, statistics, engineering, or physics. 
  • Develop Core Skills: Learn programming languages, such as Python and R are the most commonly used languages in data science. Familiarize yourself with libraries like Pandas, NumPy, and Scikit-Learn.
  • Build your statistical knowledge: Understand hypothesis testing, regression, and probability. Master data visualization tools like Matplotlib and Seaborn.
  • Online Courses and Tutorials: Enroll in online courses and tutorials. Various online platforms offer courses specifically tailored to data science. 
  • Build a Strong Portfolio: Create a portfolio showcasing your projects, code, and data analysis. A strong portfolio is crucial when applying for jobs.
  • Prepare for Interviews: Practice common interview questions and be ready to discuss your projects and demonstrate your skills. Knowledge of data structures and algorithms can be important for technical interviews.
  • Internships: Look for data science internships in India. Many companies offer internship programs for students and freshers. This hands-on experience can be invaluable.
  • Prepare a resume: Go through various sample resumes of data scientists, and create your resume on Naukri Campus, with industry-specific keywords and skills.
  • Continuous Learning: Data science is an ever-evolving field. Stay up-to-date with the latest tools and techniques by taking additional courses and certifications.

Essential Skills for Data Scientists in India

pillars of data science

The data science landscape is constantly evolving, but some core skills remain fundamental for success:

Technical Skills

Some of the essential technical skills required to be a data scientist are:

  • Programming Languages: Proficiency in Python (particularly libraries like NumPy, Pandas, and Matplotlib), R, and SQL is crucial.
  • Machine Learning: Understanding core machine learning concepts like supervised and unsupervised learning, regression, classification, and deep learning is essential.
  • Cloud Computing: Familiarity with cloud platforms like AWS, Google Cloud Platform, or Azure is becoming increasingly important.

Soft Skills

Though hard skills are necessary for any career, the importance of soft skills cannot be ignored. Some of the required soft skills from a data science perspective are:

  • Critical Thinking and Problem-Solving: The ability to analyze complex problems, identify patterns, and develop solutions.
  • Communication: Effectively conveying technical concepts to both technical and non-technical audiences.
  • Curiosity and Lifelong Learning: The data science field is constantly evolving, so a passion for continuous learning is vital.

Educational Pathways to a Data Science Career

There’s no single educational path to becoming a data scientist. However, several options can equip you with the necessary skills and knowledge:

  • Bachelor’s Degree: A bachelor’s degree in data science, statistics, computer science, mathematics, or a related field provides a strong foundation. Look for programs that emphasize data analysis, programming, and machine learning.
  • Master’s Degree: A master’s degree in data science or a related field can give you an edge, especially if you’re coming from a non-technical background. These programs offer in-depth training in advanced data science concepts and techniques.
Check role readiness for your career
  • Bootcamps and Online Courses: Bootcamps and online courses offer intensive programs designed to equip you with job-ready data science skills in a shorter timeframe. However, they may not provide the same level of theoretical foundation as a traditional degree.

Building Your Data Science Portfolio

While academic qualifications are important, data scientists need to showcase their practical abilities. Here’s how to build a compelling portfolio:

  • Personal Projects: Work on personal data science projects that interest you. This demonstrates your passion for the field and allows you to experiment with different tools and techniques. You can find interesting datasets on platforms like Kaggle.
  • Open-Source Contributions: Contribute to open-source data science projects on platforms like GitHub. This allows you to collaborate with other data scientists and gain valuable experience.
  • Freelance Work: Take on freelance data science projects to gain real-world experience and build your client portfolio.

Data Science Job Roles For Freshers

Data science is a rapidly growing field in India, with a wide variety of job roles and opportunities available. Here are some of the most common data science job roles in India, along with salary insights:

Data Science Job Role Data Science Job Description Average Annual Salary [Freshers] Salary Range in INR [LPA]
Data Analyst Data analysts are responsible for collecting, cleaning, and analyzing data to extract insights that can be used to improve business decision-making. 4.9 lakhs 1.9 to 8.2
Data Scientist Data scientists are responsible for developing and applying machine learning algorithms to solve complex business problems. 6.3 lakhs 3 to 20
Machine Learning Engineer Machine learning engineers are responsible for building and deploying machine learning models to production environments. 7 lakhs 3.2 to 20
Data Architect Data architects are responsible for designing and implementing data pipelines and data warehouses to support data science and business intelligence initiatives. 5 lakhs 3.4 to 20
Business Intelligence Analyst Business intelligence analysts are responsible for using data to create reports and dashboards that can be used to track and measure business performance. 5.8 lakhs 2.5 to 10
Data and Analytics Manager Data and analytics managers are responsible for leading and managing teams of data scientists, data analysts, and other data professionals. 5.8 lakhs 1.9 to 10


In conclusion, a career in Data Science can be highly rewarding for college students and freshers in India. It offers excellent prospects in terms of salary, growth, and the opportunity to make a real impact. By developing the necessary skills, practicing data science interview questions, managing your time effectively, and building a strong portfolio, you can pave the way to a successful career in this dynamic field.

Take the first step, and embrace the exciting world of Data Science.

Related Reads:

FAQs on Data Scientists in India

What is a data scientist?

A data scientist is a professional who uses scientific methods, processes, algorithms, and systems to extract knowledge and insights from data. Data scientists work in a variety of industries, including technology, finance, healthcare, and retail.

What are the skills required to be a data scientist?

Data scientists need to have a strong foundation in mathematics, statistics, computer science, and business. They should also be able to program in languages such as Python, R, and SQL. Additionally, data scientists should have strong communication and data visualization skills.

What are the job responsibilities of a data scientist?

Data scientists are responsible for collecting, cleaning, and analyzing data to extract insights that can be used to improve business decision-making. They also develop and implement machine learning algorithms to solve complex business problems.

How much do data scientists earn?

The salary for data scientists varies depending on the job role, experience, and industry. However, data scientists in India typically earn very competitive salaries. According to a recent survey, the average salary for a data scientist in India is ₹12 lakhs per annum, for a minimum of 0-2 years of experience.

What are the best companies to work for as a data scientist in India?

Some of the best companies to work for as a data scientist in India include:

  • Amazon
  • Google
  • Microsoft
  • Flipkart
  • Walmart Labs
  • Paytm
  • Ola
  • Swiggy
  • Zomato
  • Jio Platforms
  • Cognizant

What are the different types of data science jobs?

There are many different types of data science jobs, including:

  • Data Analyst
  • Data Scientist
  • Machine Learning Engineer
  • Data Architect
  • Business Intelligence Analyst
  • Data and Analytics Manager
  • Healthcare Data Scientist
  • Financial Data Scientist
  • Retail Data Scientist
  • Marketing Data Scientist
  • Natural Language Processing Engineer
  • Computer Vision Engineer

What are the benefits of working as a data scientist?

There are many benefits to working as a data scientist, including:

  • High salaries
  • Competitive benefits
  • Job security
  • Opportunities for professional development
  • Challenging and rewarding work
  • The chance to make a positive impact on the world

How to become a data scientist?

There are a few different ways to become a data scientist. One option is to pursue a degree in data science, computer science, or a related field. Another option is to attend a data science boot camp. Additionally, you can learn data science skills through online courses and self-study.

What are the challenges of working as a data scientist?

Some of the challenges of working as a data scientist include:

  • The need to constantly learn new skills and technologies
  • The need to be able to communicate complex technical concepts to non-technical audiences
  • The need to deal with large and complex datasets
  • The need to work under pressure and meet deadlines

What are the future prospects for data scientists in India?

The future prospects for data scientists are very bright. The demand for data scientists is expected to grow significantly in the coming years, as businesses increasingly rely on data to make decisions.


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