Code360 powered by Coding Ninjas X Naukri.com. Code360 powered by Coding Ninjas X Naukri.com
Table of contents
1.
Introduction
2.
What is an Open Source Operating System?
3.
How does an Open-Source Operating System work? 
4.
Types of Open Source Operating System
4.1.
Linux Based 
4.2.
Non-Linux Based 
5.
Best Open-Source Operating System
5.1.
GNU/LINUX
5.2.
Free BSD
5.3.
Chrome OS
5.4.
Ubuntu
5.5.
Linux Lite
5.6.
React OS
5.7.
Linux mint
5.8.
Fedora
5.9.
Solus
6.
How do open-source operating systems provide security?
7.
Advantages of Open Source Operating System
7.1.
Starts quickly
7.2.
Flexible and Rapid
7.3.
Cost-effective
7.4.
Robust
8.
Disadvantages of Open Source Operating System
8.1.
Need for Technical Skills
8.2.
No Technical Support
8.3.
Security Risk
9.
Frequently Asked Questions
9.1.
How many operating systems are open source?
9.2.
Which open source operating system is most prevalent?
9.3.
What does a computer's operating system do?
10.
Conclusion
Last Updated: Mar 27, 2024
Easy

Open Source Operating System

Author Nidhi Kumari
1 upvote
gp-icon
Operating system track
Free guided path
14 chapters
83+ problems
gp-badge
Earn badges and level up

Introduction

“Open source” can be described as a free and open-source software (OSS).  Anybody can view, alter, and distribute the code of OSS. The source code is publicly accessible. Most operating systems, including Microsoft Windows, Apple's Mac OS, and Apple's iOS, are closed OS.

 

This article will discuss Open Source Operating Systems and some of their examples. We will also discuss the pros and cons of Open Source Operating Systems.


open source operating syste

What is an Open Source Operating System?

The first piece of Open-Source software was published in 1997. Now every Software program has an Open-Source alternative. The open source operating system permits the use of publicly accessible, freely distributable code for commercial uses.

Users can alter or edit those codes and create new apps according to their needs. Open source operating systems include Linux, Open Solaris, Free RTOS, Open BDS, Free BSD, etc. It is legal to make as many copies as possible and use open-source software because it is licensed.

Get the tech career you deserve, faster!
Connect with our expert counsellors to understand how to hack your way to success
User rating 4.7/5
1:1 doubt support
95% placement record
Akash Pal
Senior Software Engineer
326% Hike After Job Bootcamp
Himanshu Gusain
Programmer Analyst
32 LPA After Job Bootcamp
After Job
Bootcamp

How does an Open-Source Operating System work? 

OSs that are open source and closed work almost similarly. The main difference is that an open-source OS's source code is open to any user's modification. Coders must have the necessary technical skills to modify and improve the source code to work on an open-source operating system. On the other hand, a closed OS forbids access from outside parties and keeps its source code a secret from the public.

The Open Source Operating System can be changed to the user's demands; there is no set of rules, guidelines, or foundation for how it functions.

Types of Open Source Operating System

Mainly there are two types of open source OS:

Linux Based 

It is compatible with all computer platforms, including ARM, SPARC, and others. A Linux-based open OS can handle major jobs and maybe all of our computing requirements.

Non-Linux Based 

There is also some good Unix-based open source operating systems in the market. These ensure built-in networking with file abstraction and are based on BSD. 

 

Best Open-Source Operating System

We will discuss some of the open source operating systems. These are readily available in the market. We will discuss them one by one.

GNU/LINUX

It is available for free. Linus Torvalds created it. It is one of the most well-known examples of open source operating systems. The Linux kernel OS has developed into one of the most dependable computer ecosystems.

This open source operating system ensures we don’t have to deal with viruses or malware.

Free BSD

This is a free UNIX open source operating system. The networking of intranet and internet servers are its best applications. The University of California developed this OS.

 It mainly focuses on speed and stability. It can handle and manage large memory loads.

Chrome OS

Google Chrome is the primary user interface of this OS, which runs on a Linux kernel. Apps for Linux and Android are both compatible with Chrome OS.

It is a free open source operating system. It has a built-in multi-media player, enhanced security, access to virtual desktops, cloud-based management, etc. However, this open OS only works with Nexus devices or their hardware.

Ubuntu

It is a Linux-based open source operating system that is free to download, use, and share. It has many features, including an office suite, web browsers, instant messaging, media mapping, etc. One of the most popular open source operating systems and a fantastic alternative to Mac and Windows is Ubuntu.

It is freely available. Three paid plans are also available:

a.) Essential.

b.) Standard.

c.) Advanced.

Linux Lite

Users looking for a lightweight open source operating system and unfamiliar with Linux can use Linux Lite. This open source operating system runs well on low-end hardware. It has a lightweight, user-friendly interface. After installation, the OS becomes fully operational and doesn't need further drivers to set up.

React OS

It is entirely free to use. React OS has been downloaded more than 1 million times. It is accessible in over 100 countries. As it allows us to run Windows software, it is a fantastic alternative to Windows. 

Linux mint

Linux Mint is a user-friendly Linux distribution derived from Ubuntu, designed to offer a smooth and intuitive computing experience. It provides a polished interface, customizable desktop environments (such as Cinnamon, MATE, or Xfce), and a rich selection of pre-installed software, including productivity tools, multimedia applications, and system utilities. With its emphasis on simplicity and stability, Linux Mint is well-suited for both novice and experienced users seeking a reliable operating system. It offers seamless compatibility with a wide range of hardware, extensive software repositories, and robust community support. 

Fedora

Fedora is a cutting-edge Linux distribution sponsored by Red Hat, known for its commitment to open-source innovation and community-driven development. It features the latest software advancements, including a wide range of desktop environments like GNOME, KDE Plasma, and XFCE. Fedora prioritizes security, offering SELinux integration and timely updates to protect user systems. With its robust package management system, users have access to a vast repository of software for various purposes. Fedora serves as a versatile platform for developers, enthusiasts, and enterprise users alike, empowering them to leverage the latest technologies and contribute to the advancement of the open-source ecosystem.

Solus

Solus is an independent Linux distribution renowned for its focus on desktop usability, simplicity, and elegance. Developed from scratch, Solus offers a curated selection of desktop environments like Budgie and GNOME, ensuring a seamless user experience. It features a rolling-release model, providing users with the latest software updates and improvements continuously. Solus emphasizes desktop performance and responsiveness, making it an ideal choice for users seeking a fast and efficient computing environment. With its user-friendly package management system and dedicated software center, Solus caters to both casual users and enthusiasts, offering a streamlined and enjoyable Linux experience out of the box.

How do open-source operating systems provide security?

Open-source operating systems provide security through transparency, community collaboration, and rapid response to vulnerabilities. Here's how:

  • Transparency: The source code of open-source operating systems is freely available for anyone to inspect. This transparency allows security experts and developers to identify and fix vulnerabilities more effectively, as many eyes are scrutinizing the code for potential weaknesses.
  • Community Collaboration: Open-source projects typically have large communities of developers and contributors who actively work on improving security. This collaborative effort ensures that security issues are addressed promptly, with patches and updates released quickly to mitigate any potential risks.
  • Rapid Response to Vulnerabilities: When security vulnerabilities are discovered, the open-source community can respond swiftly to address them. Fixes are often developed and distributed rapidly, reducing the window of opportunity for attackers to exploit the vulnerabilities.
  • Security Audits: Many open-source projects undergo regular security audits conducted by independent experts or organizations. These audits help identify and rectify security flaws before they can be exploited by malicious actors.

Advantages of Open Source Operating System

The main advantages of open source OS are as follows:

Starts quickly

Getting started with this OS is quick and easy. We may readily use the open-source versions to see if they meet our company's needs. We can develop our company to a greater extent as we advance.

Flexible and Rapid

Our IT team can produce with open source OS rather than just asking for things and waiting for the provider. We can use this to maintain an advantage over our rivals.

Cost-effective

These are affordable and provide the same value as a closed one. Even they provide better skills. 

Robust

Open source OS provides robust information security in the demanding internet system. Even problems in open source programs from decades ago can be found and fixed.

Disadvantages of Open Source Operating System

Need for Technical Skills

Technical skills are required to use or modify open source code. So it becomes difficult to use for a non-tech-savvy person.

No Technical Support

There is no technical team we can turn to for support. It is because numerous individuals work on the same open-source code. We can connect to third-party service providers who could assist us with our problems.

Security Risk

You may have to cope with security risks because it is an open OS that is freely editable by the public. It may damage our hardware or leak essential data. 

Frequently Asked Questions

How many operating systems are open source?

The solution is endless. You can also build one from scratch if you possess the technical and programming skills to comprehend an Open Source OS's source code.  After building, you can also sell it.

Which open source operating system is most prevalent?

The most popular and well-known open source operating system is Linux. As an OS, it is a piece of software that runs in the background of all other apps on a computer. It takes requests from them and transmits them to the hardware.

What does a computer's operating system do?

An OS is a program that controls all other apps in a computer after being installed into the system first by a boot program. The application programs seek services from the OS through a specified application program interface(API).

Conclusion

In conclusion, the principles of Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) offer numerous advantages, including encapsulation, inheritance, and polymorphism. These principles contribute greatly to developing complex software systems like an Open Source Operating System, improving their security, code efficiency, and flexibility.

We hope this blog helps you increase your knowledge of open source operating systems. 

Recommended Articles - 

 

You can also consider our Operating System Course to give your career an edge over others.

Happy Reading!!

 

Previous article
Difference between GUI and CUI
Next article
Types of Computer Memory
Guided path
Free
gridgp-icon
Operating system track
14 chapters
83+ Problems
gp-badge
Earn badges and level up
Live masterclass