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Table of contents
1.
Introduction
2.
Most Asked GCP Interview Questions for Freshers
2.1.
1. What is GCP? 
2.2.
2. What are the benefits of using GCP? 
2.3.
3. What are the different types of GCP services? 
2.4.
4. What are the main concepts of GCP?
2.5.
5. What is a GCP tool?
2.6.
6. What are 3 main GCP principles?
2.7.
7. What are the 3 pillars of GCP?
2.8.
8. What is a GCP diagram?
2.9.
9. What is the GCP pipeline?
2.10.
10. What is Google Kubernetes Engine (GKE)? 
2.11.
11. What is Google Cloud SQL?
2.12.
12. What is Google Cloud Storage?
2.13.
13. What is the difference between GCP and AWS?
2.14.
14. What is the role of a Cloud Architect in GCP?
2.15.
15. What is a Virtual Private Cloud (VPC)? 
2.16.
16. How does GCP ensure the security of data? 
2.17.
17. What is Google Cloud Spanner?
2.18.
18. What is Google Cloud Dataflow? 
2.19.
19. What is Google Cloud Pub/Sub? 
2.20.
20. What are Google Cloud Functions? 
3.
GCP Interview Questions for Experienced
3.1.
21. What is Google Cloud Load Balancing?
3.2.
22. What is Google Cloud IAM? 
3.3.
23. What is Google Cloud CDN?
3.4.
24. What is Google Cloud Security Command Center? 
3.5.
25. What is Google Cloud Composer? 
3.6.
26. What is the role of a Site Reliability Engineer (SRE) in GCP? 
3.7.
27. What is Google Cloud AI Platform? 
3.8.
28. What is Google Cloud Memorystore? 
3.9.
29.  What is Google Cloud AutoML?
3.10.
30. What is Google Cloud Bigtable? 
3.11.
31. What is Google Cloud Data Loss Prevention (DLP)? 
3.12.
32. What is Google Cloud Armor? 
3.13.
33. What is Google Cloud Deployment Manager? 
3.14.
34. What is Google Cloud Interconnect? 
3.15.
35. What are Google Cloud Functions for Firebase?
3.16.
36. What is the role of a Google Cloud Solutions Architect? 
4.
Frequently Asked Questions
4.1.
What is GCP full form?
4.2.
Is GCP tougher than AWS?
4.3.
Is GCP IaaS or PaaS?
4.4.
Is GCP an ETL tool?
4.5.
Does GCP use SQL?
4.6.
How to crack Google Cloud interview?
4.7.
What is GCP and how is it different from AWS?
4.8.
What is the basic understanding of GCP?
5.
Conclusion
Last Updated: Jun 14, 2024
Medium

Top 30+ GCP(Google Cloud Platform) Interview Questions in 2024

Author Soumya Pandey
1 upvote
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18 Jun, 2024 @ 01:30 PM

Introduction

Are you planning to give interviews on Google Cloud Platform (GCP) or looking to expand your knowledge of GCP. If yes, then you're at the right place. This article aims to provide a comprehensive list of common GCP interview questions and tips on answering them effectively. 

Google Cloud Platform (GCP) Interview Questions

Whether you're new to GCP or an experienced professional, this article will help you prepare to ace your GCP interview and land your ideal job.

Most Asked GCP Interview Questions for Freshers

1. What is GCP? 

GCP stands for Google Cloud Platform. It is a cloud computing platform offered by Google that provides a wide range of services, such as computing, storage, networking, and security.

2. What are the benefits of using GCP? 

Using GCP provides numerous benefits, such as effortless resource scaling, data security, cost-effectiveness, reliable platform performance, and a broad range of customizable services to cater to diverse business requirements. GCP provides access to various tools and services to help developers build and deploy applications quickly and easily.

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3. What are the different types of GCP services? 

GCP services are divided into four main categories: Computing, Storage, Networking, and Big Data.

  1. The Compute services of GCP provide options such as virtual machines, containers, and serverless computing.
     
  2. GCP's Storage services offer various options like databases, object storage, and block storage.
     
  3. The Networking services of GCP include VPC, load balancing, and DNS.
     
  4. GCP's Big Data services provide data processing and analytics capabilities to businesses.

4. What are the main concepts of GCP?

Google Cloud Platform (GCP) encompasses a wide array of cloud computing services and principles, including Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS), and Software as a Service (SaaS). These core concepts empower businesses with the ability to scale, secure, and flexibly manage their IT infrastructure while harnessing the power of cloud technology.

5. What is a GCP tool?

A GCP tool represents a versatile software or service designed by Google Cloud Platform to streamline the administration and optimization of cloud resources. These tools encompass the user-friendly Google Cloud Console for web-based management, the efficient Cloud SDK command-line interface, and a diverse range of specialized utilities tailored for tasks such as data analysis, deployment, and real-time monitoring.

6. What are 3 main GCP principles?

Below are the three main GCP principles:

  • Security: GCP places paramount importance on safeguarding data and infrastructure through cutting-edge security measures like encryption, robust Identity and Access Management (IAM), and stringent compliance certifications
     
  • Scalability: GCP empowers users to effortlessly scale their resources up or down, ensuring seamless adaptability to fluctuating demands while maintaining cost-efficiency
     
  • Flexibility: GCP's extensive offering of services and tools provides users with the freedom to select and configure solutions that precisely align with their unique requirements, promoting versatility and agility in cloud operations

7. What are the 3 pillars of GCP?

Below are the three pillars of GCP principles:

  • Compute: GCP furnishes users with virtual machines (VMs) and container orchestration through Google Kubernetes Engine, facilitating highly adaptable compute resources
     
  • Storage: GCP delivers scalable storage solutions, such as Google Cloud Storage and Bigtable, for efficient data management, storage, and analysis
     
  • Networking: GCP's robust networking services empower users to construct secure, high-performance networks and establish global connectivity for seamless operation across geographies

8. What is a GCP diagram?

A GCP diagram serves as a graphical representation of the cloud architecture within Google Cloud Platform. These visualizations vividly depict the interconnections and interactions among various GCP services and components, enabling effective planning, design, and comprehension of complex cloud deployments.

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9. What is the GCP pipeline?

A GCP pipeline embodies a sequence of automated data processing steps harnessed within Google Cloud Platform. These pipelines leverage GCP services like Cloud Dataflow or Cloud Composer to effortlessly ingest, transform, and analyze data, often serving as the backbone for data processing or ETL (Extract, Transform, Load) workflows. This automated approach guarantees the reliability and efficiency of data management and analysis processes.

10. What is Google Kubernetes Engine (GKE)? 

Google Kubernetes Engine (GKE) is a container orchestration system managed by Google. It simplifies the deployment and management of containerized applications on GCP, making it easier for developers to run and manage their applications on the cloud.

11. What is Google Cloud SQL?

Google Cloud SQL is a service that provides fully-managed relational databases in the cloud. It's designed to simplify setting up, maintaining, managing, and administering databases. Cloud SQL lets you focus on developing your applications while Google handles database management. This feature makes running your applications in the cloud easier and more efficient.

12. What is Google Cloud Storage?

Google Cloud Storage is a highly durable and available object storage service that provides global access to your data. It suits various use cases, including backup and archival, content delivery, and big data analytics.

13. What is the difference between GCP and AWS?

GCP and AWS are both cloud computing platforms, but they differ in terms of the services they offer, their pricing models, and the level of support they provide. GCP is generally more user-friendly and developer-focused, while AWS is more geared toward enterprise customers.

14. What is the role of a Cloud Architect in GCP?

A Cloud Architect in GCP is responsible for designing and implementing cloud solutions that meet the needs of a specific organization. They select and configure GCP services to build a scalable and secure cloud infrastructure.

15. What is a Virtual Private Cloud (VPC)? 

A Virtual Private Cloud (VPC) is a logically isolated network within the GCP environment that you can customize according to your specific needs. It allows you to create subnets, firewall rules, and VPN connections to connect your resources to the cloud securely.

16. How does GCP ensure the security of data? 

GCP uses multiple layers of security to protect data, including network security, access management, data encryption, and security audits. GCP also complies with multiple security certifications and standards, such as SOC 2, ISO 27001, and PCI DSS.

17. What is Google Cloud Spanner?

Google Cloud Spanner is a database service that helps businesses manage their data. It can handle big transactions and is suitable for important tasks. Cloud Spanner lets businesses easily expand their databases to different parts of the world to access their data quickly and reliably. With a 99.999% uptime guarantee, businesses can be sure their data is always available. Cloud Spanner also ensures all data is consistent and up-to-date across all parts of the database. It's a great option for businesses needing a flexible, dependable, big database service.

18. What is Google Cloud Dataflow? 

Google Cloud Dataflow is a fully-managed service that enables the development and execution of data processing pipelines. It is designed to work with real-time and batch modes, making it a flexible business option. Based on Apache Beam, Cloud Dataflow provides an easy-to-use platform for transforming and processing data.

19. What is Google Cloud Pub/Sub? 

Google Cloud Pub/Sub supports multiple message delivery modes. It guarantees the delivery of messages in the order they were published. It can handle high throughput and is highly available, making it an ideal choice for businesses that require reliable and scalable messaging services.

20. What are Google Cloud Functions? 

Google Cloud Functions is a service that allows you to run code without worrying about managing servers or infrastructure. It's a serverless computing service that supports different programming languages, making it easy to build applications. With Cloud Functions, you can focus on creating your application logic and deploying your code to the cloud. This feature makes developing and deploying your applications quicker and more efficient.

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GCP Interview Questions for Experienced

21. What is Google Cloud Load Balancing?

Google's Load Balancing is a fully-managed service that distributes traffic across multiple instances or services, allowing optimal resource utilization. This service can balance the load across multiple regions or protocols, ensuring high availability and reliability.

22. What is Google Cloud IAM? 

Google Cloud IAM (Identity and Access Management) is a service for managing access to resources in GCP. It allows you to define roles and permissions for users and groups, and it integrates with other GCP services for easy access control.

23. What is Google Cloud CDN?

Google Cloud CDN (Content Delivery Network) delivers content with low latency and high throughput. It's a service that distributes content from edge locations to end-users globally, reducing the load on origin servers. This feature means users can access content faster and more reliably, improving the overall experience.

24. What is Google Cloud Security Command Center? 

Google Cloud Security Command Center helps manage security and compliance by providing insight into your security status. It can detect and prevent security threats and ensure compliance with regulatory requirements. This feature means you can better protect your organization's data and systems and be better prepared to respond to potential security issues.

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25. What is Google Cloud Composer? 

Google Cloud Composer provides a user-friendly interface for creating and managing complex workflows, with features like task scheduling, monitoring, and error handling. It is a powerful tool for businesses that must automate their workflows, reduce operational costs, and improve efficiency.

26. What is the role of a Site Reliability Engineer (SRE) in GCP? 

A Site Reliability Engineer (SRE) in GCP ensures GCP services' reliability, availability, and performance. They use software engineering principles to design and operate large-scale systems and work closely with developers to improve the overall system architecture.
 
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27. What is Google Cloud AI Platform? 

Google Cloud AI Platform is a service that helps you create and run machine learning models in a managed environment. Supporting popular frameworks like TensorFlow and PyTorch makes developing and deploying machine learning models easier. You can train your models using this service, and Google will manage the underlying infrastructure. This feature makes building and deploying machine learning models faster and more efficient.

28. What is Google Cloud Memorystore? 

Google Cloud Memorystore is a service that helps you access data quickly using an in-memory store that's fully managed.

It's designed to be fast and efficient, making it perfect for applications needing data access quickly.

This feature is especially useful for caching, session management, and analytics.

When you use Memorystore, your applications will run faster and provide a better user experience.

29.  What is Google Cloud AutoML?

Google Cloud AutoML is a set of tools that helps you make your machine-learning models without needing to be an expert in machine learning.

It has different tools for working with images, words, and structured data.

AutoML lets you make and use your machine-learning models for understanding and organizing data.

This feature makes it easier and faster to create your machine-learning models, even if you have little experience.

30. What is Google Cloud Bigtable? 

Google Cloud Bigtable is a fully-managed NoSQL database service designed to store massive amounts of data for large-scale applications. It provides fast and scalable storage for analytics, IoT, and machine learning workloads. This feature means that you can use Bigtable to handle huge volumes of data quickly and easily without worrying about the underlying infrastructure. By leveraging Bigtable's capabilities, you can focus on your application logic and let Google handle the database management.

31. What is Google Cloud Data Loss Prevention (DLP)? 

Google Cloud Data Loss Prevention (DLP) provides a comprehensive set of pre-built detectors to identify sensitive data, such as personally identifiable information (PII), financial information, and intellectual property. It also offers advanced customization options for creating custom detectors and policy-based actions to enforce data protection policies across the organization. This feature makes it a highly effective solution for businesses looking to protect their sensitive data in the cloud.

32. What is Google Cloud Armor? 

Google Cloud Armor is a service that helps protect your web applications from online attacks. It uses a web application firewall (WAF) to block malicious traffic and create customized security policies. With Cloud Armor, you can protect your web applications from cyber threats, which can cause them to become unavailable to your users. Using this service, you don't have to worry about setting up and maintaining the infrastructure to protect your applications - Google takes care of that for you.

33. What is Google Cloud Deployment Manager? 

Google Cloud Deployment Manager is a service for automating the deployment and management of cloud resources. It allows you to define your infrastructure as code and to deploy and manage your resources using a simple, declarative language.

34. What is Google Cloud Interconnect? 

Google Cloud Interconnect is a service that helps you connect your business network to GCP. It offers different ways to connect, such as Dedicated Interconnect, Partner Interconnect, and VPN. Dedicated Interconnect creates a direct connection between your network and GCP. At the same time, Partner Interconnect lets you connect through a supported provider. VPN is a flexible and affordable option to connect to GCP online. With Cloud Interconnect, businesses can connect to GCP faster and more reliably, making it easier to use cloud services alongside their resources. Cloud Interconnect supports connections such as BGP, VLAN, and IPSec.

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35. What are Google Cloud Functions for Firebase?

Google Cloud Functions for Firebase is a service that allows you to run code in response to events in Firebase. It's a serverless computing service, so you don't need to manage servers or infrastructure. Using Cloud Functions, you can build applications that interact with Firebase services without worrying about the backend infrastructure. This feature makes it easier and faster to develop and deploy serverless applications.

36. What is the role of a Google Cloud Solutions Architect? 

A Google Cloud Solutions Architect is responsible for designing and implementing cloud solutions for specific business needs. They work with customers to identify requirements, design cloud architectures, and implement scalable, secure, and cost-effective solutions. They also provide technical guidance and support to customers and assist with migrating existing workloads to the cloud.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is GCP full form?

GCP is an acronym that is used for Google Cloud Platform. It is a cloud computing service which offers infrastructure, data storage for developers and businesses.

Is GCP tougher than AWS?

AWS is easier to learn if you have no prior Cloud experience as there are more learning materials (blogs, eBooks, video tutorials) that you could find online. But keep in mind that toughness or easiness of a thing depends upon individals also.

Is GCP IaaS or PaaS?

GCP offers both Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) through Compute Engine and Platform as a Service (PaaS) through App Engine, providing versatile cloud solutions.

Is GCP an ETL tool?

GCP isn't primarily an ETL tool but offers services like Dataflow and BigQuery for ETL and data processing.

Does GCP use SQL?

GCP supports SQL through services like BigQuery for data querying and Cloud SQL for managing relational databases.

How to crack Google Cloud interview?

You need to be knowledgeable in Google Cloud Platform in order to succeed in the GCP interview. Work on real-world projects if you can so that you may briefly describe your experiences with the Google Cloud Platform. Boost your technical knowledge and rationality in issue solving.

What is GCP and how is it different from AWS?

Google Cloud Platform is a collection of cloud computing services created by Google and made public in 2008. A relatively new GCP provides alL the tools and services that developers and professionals want. Google Cloud Platform allows for extensive customization of any Instance, whereas AWS allows for very limited customisation. 

What is the basic understanding of GCP?

GCP is a public cloud vendor that provides a spectrum of computing services ranging from data management to web and video delivery via the internet to AI and machine learning capabilities. Customers can have free or pay-per-use access to computer resources stored in Google's data centres throughout the world.

Conclusion

To do well in a GCP interview, it's important to understand the different GCP services, like Google Cloud SQL, Functions, and Google Cloud AI Platform. GCP is a powerful platform for building and managing cloud-based applications, but it can be complicated. So, it's important to be prepared and familiar with the platform. You'll be better equipped to succeed in a GCP interview and develop cloud-based applications by learning about the GCP services and what they can do. We hope you have gained useful insights in this article of GCP interview questions. 

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